Talk:Motivation and emotion/Book/2016/Broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions

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Hi Zoe, You've written your chapter really well, and the topic is so interesting! I've just made a few changes (e.g. repertoire's to repertoires; and spelling errors e.g skilful to skillful). The structure of your chapter is nice and clean, so I don't think adding more images is needed. Perhaps you could make a quiz and add it in there to make the chapter itself more interactive. Good job! U3081523 (discusscontribs) 02:05, 21 October 2016 (UTC)

--U3119842 (discusscontribs) 02:17, 13 October 2016 (UTC)Hey there. Really interesting chapter topic! I found a video that you might want to link to your page that talks about how positive emotions open the mind. ( Also this is a really good article that discusses how positive emotions can reverse negative thinking. (Garland, Eric L., et al. "Upward spirals of positive emotions counter downward spirals of negativity: Insights from the broaden-and-build theory and affective neuroscience on the treatment of emotion dysfunctions and deficits in psychopathology." Clinical psychology review 30.7 (2010): 849-864.) Perhaps if you haven't already you could have a paragraph discussing the emergence of positive psychology and learnt optimism?

A couple of suggestions[edit]

Hey it looks like you've made a good start to your chapter. You could probably talk about the strengths and limitations of the theory, practical applications, are there any specific emotions that the theory addresses and maybe you could use an example or case study of an application of the theory just so the reader can really get a good understanding of what the theory is a all about. I did a quick search on scholar and this appears to be a pretty good study with the theory's use:!po=0.561798 I hope this helps :) U3117614 (discusscontribs) 03:54, 13 October 2016 (UTC) u3117614 U3117614 (discusscontribs) 03:54, 13 October 2016 (UTC)

Useful article[edit]

Hey, I found an article you might find useful. It goes further into the theory with practical applications of the theory, and touches on some of the strengths and limitations of applying this theory. Hope you find it useful --Jbboys (discusscontribs) 07:06, 14 October 2016 (UTC)


Hi, your topic is very interesting. I found this video that is from a lecturer that briefly discusses broaden and build theory of emotions. Click here to view. Hope it helps. Your chapter is well written and well set out. The use of the case study is great and the pictures keep it fun and interesting. Good luck with the chapter. --CassP22 (discusscontribs) 01:36, 19 October 2016 (UTC)

See also & External links[edit]


I noticed your external links and see also section were a bit disjointed. I've consolidated the youtube, ted and wiki pages into the External links section. I've also consolidated the wikiversity chapter links into easy to read chain link and placed them under the See also section.

If you didn't want this, you can go into history and revert the text to the previous version.

Cheers, --Muzz2016 (discusscontribs) 06:09, 21 October 2016 (UTC)

Hey there I was thinking that our chapters might link in well with one another so I am going to link them together if you would like to do the same mine is long term goal achievement u3115326


THANK YOU![edit]

A thank you to everyone so far that has helped me and given some ideas for my book chapter! Much appreciated. --U3112339 (discusscontribs) 08:04, 21 October 2016 (UTC)U3112339

Comments for applying hey so i am just reading through your chapter now and my first thought is that the opening paraghrph could be better placed in the information about the theory

if i was looking for a way to just apply your topic i would skip down to this section so I think its important that that is the first thing that you answer. the paraghaph itself is really good and the information is great it is more a personal choice that i would re-structure i would probably do something more like this

The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions proposes that positive emotions are evolved adaptations that function to build lasting resources (Cohn et al., 2009. Below is a case study based on research conducted by Cohn et al (2009) which focuses on the application of the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions and psychological resilience.

Insert case study

The theory suggests that over time these positive emotions and novel experiences cumulate into significant resources that can change people's lives. For example, trivial curiosity can evolve into someone having expert knowledge, or affection and shared interests can become a lifelong supportive relationship. Positive emotions predict valued outcomes like health, wealth and longevity because they help build the foundations and resources to get there (Cohn et al., 2009).

As read in the case study above, it is evident that people who experience positive emotions discard automatic, negative responses such as, "Maybe I'm not good at this job" or "Maybe people don't like me because I ask too many questions". Instead, people who express positive thinking and feelings discard these thought processes and look for creative, flexible and unpredictable new ways of thinking and acting to help their situation. Learned optimism and the broaden-and-build theory are similar in their views and how they can be applied in everyday life. They both highlight the importance of positive thinking and managing negative thoughts, views or behaviour so that someone's daily functioning and overall life satisfaction are joyful, content and full of positive moments.

or something like that. just because you have discussed the theory in length at the beginning. for me i think changing this heading might help clarify to something like (case study) or even listing the exact steps to applying this theory. a table could also be really great here comparing the two types of people?

it is a great pieces and these are all suggestions based on a brief read U3115326 (discusscontribs) 08:30, 23 October 2016 (UTC) u3115326 21/10/16

Chapter review and feedback

This chapter has been reviewed according to the marking criteria. Written feedback is provided below, plus there is a general feedback page. Please also check the chapter's page history to check for editing changes made whilst reviewing through the chapter. Responses to this feedback can be made by starting a new section below and/or contacting the reviewer. Chapter marks will be available later via Moodle, along with social contribution marks and feedback. Keep an eye on Announcements.

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  1. Overall, this is a promising chapter in that it really embraces the book theme and is about a highly relevant topic. However, a key area for improvement is a more cogent description of the BBT, much closer citing of claims, and more detailed description of research findings.
  2. For more feedback see these copyedits and the comments below.
  3. Feel free to make ongoing changes to the chapter if you wish to address any of these comments or make other improvements.


  1. A clearer, simpler explanation of the BBT would be helpful - it seems to be described in somewhat loose, vague terms.
  2. The case study was somewhat helpful.
  3. Perhaps also some practical BB exercises that a reader could try.


  1. Many statements were unreferenced (e.g., see the [factual?] tags)
  2. When describing important research studies, provide some indication of the nature of the method.
  3. When discussing important research findings, indicate the size of effects in addition to whether or not there was an effect or relationship.

Written expression[edit]

  1. Written expression
    1. The chapter addresses the topic and book theme and the chapter is accessible to a wide audience.
    2. The quality of written expression could be improved (e.g., see where clarification templates such as [Rewrite to improve clarity], [explain?], [say what?], and [vague] may have been added to the page).
    3. Avoid starting sentences with a source's author or date, unless this is particularly pertinent. Provide the citation at the end of the sentence instead.
  2. Structure and headings
    1. Avoid sections with only one sub-section. A section should have no sub-sections or at least two sub-sections.
  3. Layout
    1. No images or tables were used.
  4. Integration with other chapters
    1. Add more interwiki links links to a wider range of other relevant chapters.
  5. Learning features
    1. Add Interwiki links (to relevant Wikipedia articles) to make the text more interactive.
    2. Quiz questions are used effectively to encourage reader engagement.
  6. APA style
    1. The reference list is not in full APA style.

-- Jtneill - Talk - c 13:16, 11 November 2016 (UTC)

Multimedia feedback

The accompanying multimedia presentation has been marked according to the marking criteria. Marks are available via the unit's Moodle site. Written feedback is provided below, plus see the general feedback page. Responses to this feedback can be made by starting a new section below. If you would like further clarification about the marking or feedback, contact the unit convener.



  1. Overall, this is a solid presentation.

Structure and content[edit]

  1. Overview
    1. Missing - goes more or less straight into explaining BBT instead of providing an Overview.
    2. Perhaps bring the example at 29 seconds to immediately after the title slide, to create an initial attention-grabbing experience and then explain what this presentation is about
    3. Use the Overview to set up the problem to be solved (the question i.e., the subtitle for the book chapter).
    4. Tell the listener what they will find out about if they watch this presentation.
  2. Selection and organisation
    1. Theory was well covered.
    2. Basic coverage of research.
    3. Citations and references are included.
  3. Conclusion
    1. Well done - perhaps also consider including some very practical tips that the viewer can apply to their immediate everyday life.


  1. Audio
    1. Audio narration is reasonably good.
    2. Pronunciation of some words could be improved (e.g., check content vs contentment)
    3. Leave longer pauses between sentences.
  2. Image/Video
    1. Visuals are simple, clear and easy to read.
    2. The combination of images and text is effective, however consider including more images, figures, and/or tables.

Production quality[edit]

  1. Overall, basic production.
  2. Meta-data
    1. Rename the title so that it includes the subtitle (and matches the book chapter).
    2. Fill out the description field (e.g., brief description of presentation, link back to the book chapter, license details, and possibly include references, image attributions, and/or transcript).
  3. Audio recording quality
    1. Good
    2. Keyboard clicks audible
  4. Image/video recording quality
    1. Very good; effective use of simple tools.
  5. Licensing
    1. A copyright license for the presentation is correctly shown in at least one location. Creative Commons.
    2. The copyright licenses and sources of the images are indicated.

-- Jtneill - Talk - c 22:15, 21 November 2016 (UTC)