**Abbreviation** |
**Meaning** |

$\alpha$ |
Alpha |

ANOVA |
Analysis of Variance |

ANCOVA |
Analysis of Covariance |

β |
Beta (Standardised regression coefficient) |

$\chi$ ^{2} |
Chi-square |

CI |
Confidence Interval |

*df* |
Degrees of Freedom |

DV |
Dependent Variable |

*e* |
Error |

ES |
Effect Size |

$\eta$ ^{2} |
Eta-squared |

$\eta$ _{p}^{2} |
Partial Eta-squared |

H_{0} |
Null hypothesis |

H_{1} |
Alternative hypothesis |

IV |
Independent Variable |

LOM |
Level of Measurement |

LR |
Linear Regression |

*M* |
Mean |

MD |
Mahalanobis’ Distance |

MLR |
Multiple Linear Regression |

MVO |
Multivariate Outlier |

*N* |
Sample Size |

PASW |
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences - formerly known as SPSS |

$\phi$ |
Phi |

*r* |
Product-moment correlation or Pearson’s correlation |

*R* |
Multiple correlation co-efficient |

*SD* |
Standard Deviation |

*SE* |
Standard Error |

SPSS |
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences - now known as PASW |

ST |
Significance Test/Testing |