# Survey research and design in psychology/Abbreviations

From Wikiversity

Abbreviation |
Meaning |

Alpha | |

ANOVA | Analysis of Variance |

ANCOVA | Analysis of Covariance |

β | Beta (Standardised regression coefficient) |

^{2} |
Chi-square |

CI | Confidence Interval |

df |
Degrees of Freedom |

DV | Dependent Variable |

e |
Error |

ES | Effect Size |

^{2} |
Eta-squared |

_{p}^{2} |
Partial Eta-squared |

H_{0} |
Null hypothesis |

H_{1} |
Alternative hypothesis |

IV | Independent Variable |

LOM | Level of Measurement |

LR | Linear Regression |

M |
Mean |

MD | Mahalanobis’ Distance |

MLR | Multiple Linear Regression |

MVO | Multivariate Outlier |

N |
Sample Size |

PASW | Statistical Package for the Social Sciences - formerly known as SPSS |

Phi | |

r |
Product-moment correlation or Pearson’s correlation |

R |
Multiple correlation co-efficient |

SD |
Standard Deviation |

SE |
Standard Error |

SPSS | Statistical Package for the Social Sciences - now known as PASW |

ST | Significance Test/Testing |