Research methods

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Research methods relate to how research is conducted, designed, analyzed, and disseminated.

Critical thinking about research methods[edit | edit source]

Why does thinking critically about research methods matter?

Choosing amongst research strategies[edit | edit source]

Based on Backstrom & Hursh-César (1981, p. 16)
Approach Helps You to Gather Advantages Disadvantages
Small-group study
  • A lot about a little
  • Early research
  • Generate hypotheses
  • Natural
  • Unobtrusive
  • High validity
  • In-depth
  • Unique
  • Impressionistic
  • Uncontrolled
  • Low quantification
Survey
  • A timely generalization
  • Test hypotheses
  • Sub-group differences
  • Generality
  • Quantitative
  • Timely
  • Replicable
  • Superficial
  • Obtrusive
  • Structured
  • Self-reporting
Field experiment
  • Causes and effects
  • Changes
  • Time order
  • Control
  • Powerful conclusions
  • Across time
  • Highest qualifications
  • Costly
  • Time consuming
  • Vulnerable
  • Sensitizing

Learning resources[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

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References[edit | edit source]

  1. Backstrom, C. H., & Hursh-César, G. (1981). Survey research (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.

External links[edit | edit source]