Internet Fundamentals/IT Careers

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This lesson introduces Information Technology careers.

Objectives and Skills[edit | edit source]

Objectives and skills for this lesson include:[1][2]

  • Identify job roles in the Information Technology (IT) industry, including the responsibilities, tasks and skills they require.
  • Manage career opportunities in the IT industry.

Readings[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia: Career
  2. Wikipedia: Job search
  3. Wikipedia: Résumé
  4. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Computer and Information Technology Careers

Multimedia[edit | edit source]

  1. YouTube: How To Get Started in a Information Technology career
  2. YouTube: Career Path in IT
  3. YouTube: Career In Tech: How To Find The Right Role For You

Student Presentations[edit | edit source]

  1. YouTube: IT Careers

Activities[edit | edit source]

  1. Career Planning - Complete one or more of the following:
  2. Job Outlook and Preparation - Complete one or more of the following:
  3. Resume and LinkedIn Profile - Complete one or more of the following:
    • Complete the tutorial GCFLearnFree: Resume Writing. Use a sample resume template and create your own resume. Save the resume in different formats (plain text, PDF, word processor).
    • Complete the tutorial GCFLearnFree: LinkedIn Basics. Create a LinkedIn profile. Add your summary, experience, and education.
    • Connect with people you know (friends, family members, classmates, current and former work colleagues, teachers, professors, etc.) who would be able to recommend you to future employers and employment opportunities.

Lesson Summary[edit | edit source]

  • A career is an individual's metaphorical "journey" through learning, work and other aspects of life.[3]
  • Career management describes the active and purposeful management of a career by an individual.[4]
  • Career choices are based on natural talents, work style, social interaction, work-life balance, altruism, stress levels, and income needs.[5]
  • Career success may be measured by status, earnings, satisfaction, personal achievement, and personal values.[6]
  • Job searching is the act of looking for employment, due to unemployment, underemployment, discontent with a current position, or a desire for a better position.[7]
  • The immediate goal of job seeking is usually to obtain a job interview with an employer which may lead to getting hired.[8]
  • Many job seekers research the employers to which they are applying, and some employers see evidence of this as a positive sign of enthusiasm for the position or the company, or as a mark of thoroughness.[9]
  • Job seekers need to pay attention to what potential employers and recruiters find when they do their pre-interview information gathering about applicants.[10]
  • Contacting as many people as possible is a highly effective way to find a job. It is estimated that 50% or higher of all jobs are found through personal connections (networking).[11]
  • After finding a desirable job, seekers apply for the job by responding to an advertisement, applying through a website, or emailing or mailing in a hard copy of a résumé to a prospective employer.[12]
  • Once an employer has received résumés, they will make a list of potential employees to be interviewed based on the résumé and any other information contributed.[13]
  • A résumé (also spelled resume), is a document used by a person to present their backgrounds and skills.[14]

Key Terms[edit | edit source]

computer programmer
Write and test code that allows computer applications and software programs to function properly.[15]
computer support specialist
Provide help and advice to people and organizations using computer software or equipment.[16]
computer systems analyst
Study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures and design information systems solutions to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively.[17]
database administrator
Use specialized software to store and organize data, such as financial information and customer shipping records.[18]
information security analyst
Plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization’s computer networks and systems.[19]
network administrator
Responsible for the day-to-day operation of computer networks.[20]
network architect
Design and build data communication networks, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and intranets.[21]
software developer
Develop applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device or develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.[22]
system administrator
Responsible for the day-to-day operation of computer systems.[23]
web designer
Design website front end, user interface, user experience, etc.[24]
web developer
Develop website back end, functionality, database connectivity, etc.[25]

Assessments[edit | edit source]

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]