Internet Fundamentals/IT Careers

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This lesson introduces Information Technology careers.

Objectives and Skills[edit]

Objectives and skills for this lesson include:[1][2]

  • Identify job roles in the Information Technology (IT) industry, including the responsibilities, tasks and skills they require.
  • Manage career opportunities in the IT industry.

Readings[edit]

  1. Wikipedia: Career
  2. Wikipedia: Job search
  3. Wikipedia: Résumé
  4. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Computer and Information Technology Careers

Multimedia[edit]

  1. YouTube: How To Get Started in a Information Technology career
  2. YouTube: Career Path in IT

Activities[edit]

  1. Career Planning - Complete one or more of the following:
  2. Job Outlook and Preparation - Complete one or more of the following:
  3. Resume and LinkedIn Profile - Complete one or more of the following:
    • Complete the tutorial GCFLearnFree: Resume Writing. Use a sample resume template and create your own resume. Save the resume in different formats (plain text, PDF, word processor).
    • Complete the tutorial GCFLearnFree: LinkedIn Basics. Create a LinkedIn profile. Add your summary, experience, and education.

Lesson Summary[edit]

  • A career is an individual's metaphorical "journey" through learning, work and other aspects of life.[3]
  • Career management describes the active and purposeful management of a career by an individual.[4]
  • Career choices are based on natural talents, work style, social interaction, work-life balance, altruism, stress levels, and income needs.[5]
  • Career success may be measured by status, earnings, satisfaction, personal achievement, and personal values.[6]
  • Job searching is the act of looking for employment, due to unemployment, underemployment, discontent with a current position, or a desire for a better position.[7]
  • The immediate goal of job seeking is usually to obtain a job interview with an employer which may lead to getting hired.[8]
  • Many job seekers research the employers to which they are applying, and some employers see evidence of this as a positive sign of enthusiasm for the position or the company, or as a mark of thoroughness.[9]
  • Job seekers need to pay attention to what potential employers and recruiters find when they do their pre-interview information gathering about applicants.[10]
  • Contacting as many people as possible is a highly effective way to find a job. It is estimated that 50% or higher of all jobs are found through personal connections (networking).[11]
  • After finding a desirable job, seekers apply for the job by responding to an advertisement, applying through a website, or emailing or mailing in a hard copy of a résumé to a prospective employer.[12]
  • Once an employer has received résumés, they will make a list of potential employees to be interviewed based on the résumé and any other information contributed.[13]
  • A résumé (also spelled resume), is a document used by a person to present their backgrounds and skills.[14]

Key Terms[edit]

computer programmer
Write and test code that allows computer applications and software programs to function properly.[15]
computer support specialist
Provide help and advice to people and organizations using computer software or equipment.[16]
computer systems analyst
Study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures and design information systems solutions to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively.[17]
database administrator
Use specialized software to store and organize data, such as financial information and customer shipping records.[18]
information security analyst
Plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization’s computer networks and systems.[19]
network administrator
Responsible for the day-to-day operation of computer networks.[20]
network architect
Design and build data communication networks, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and intranets.[21]
software developer
Develop applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device or develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.[22]
system administrator
Responsible for the day-to-day operation of computer systems.[23]
web designer
Design website front end, user interface, user experience, etc.[24]
web developer
Develop website back end, functionality, database connectivity, etc.[25]

Assessments[edit]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]