Careers and Employment

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Career describes an individual's journey through learning, work and other aspects of life.[1] Employment is a relationship between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee.[2] This learning project is designed to assist learners in career selection and employment searches.

Career Selection[edit | edit source]

One approach to career selection is to recognize personal preferences for working with people vs. things, and working with ideas vs. data. The ACT organization uses these four broad categories to identify different careers and their placement on a World of Work map. ACT tests are often given to secondary school students in the United States to help them identify and select career preferences and determine college readiness.[3]

Job-related terminology[edit | edit source]

This section will list terms of/related to Careers and Employment:

  • Applicant - Person who wants a job and fills out an application. An applicant could be anyone who has a desire to work. Reasons are listed above.
  • Employee - A working person who gets a salary.
  • Employer - A person/company that hires and pays a worker.
  • Job Application - A form you complete to get a job.
  • Reference - Someone who can comment about an applicant's quality of work. This person cannot be a family relative [due to bias], but an adult, teacher, or friends of family.
  • Supervisor - A person who checks your work and evaluates your performance.
  • Volunteer - A working person who donates their time and ability without receiving pay.
  • Blue/White Collar Jobs - Blue: Jobs that do physical labor, like factory workers, miners, or mechanics; White: Positions requiring a color degree, like doctors, lawyers, business workers, or teachers.
  • Pink/Green Collar Jobs - Pink: Office jobs usually held by women (secretaries, receptionists); Green: Jobs that help the environment.
  • Service-Oriented Jobs - Jobs that go something for a commuter.
  • Hourly workers - Employees that get paid for the exact number of hours they work.
  • Salaried workers - Employees that get paid the same amount every time (it doesn't matter how long they have worked).
  • Fringe benefits - Other ways of getting paid besides a salary (Bonuses, commission, expense accounts, etc.).

Why people want a Job[edit | edit source]

Some well-known reasons why some individuals, especially teenagers, like to work:

  • Money: Pay bills and buy whatever they desire for
  • Contribute to Society
  • Pride, ego, self-esteem
  • Job satisfaction: Love what they do
  • Get out of the house [If they did not do a job, they would be bored]
  • People-friendly [Like to be with people]

Preparations for a Job[edit | edit source]

  • It's essential to know what days/times you and your parents have decided for you to work. An example being you work on the weekends from 1:00PM - 5:00PM.
  • Know how you're going to get to work (train, car, rickshaw).
  • Who your references are and their phone numbers.
  • If you have to go through a job interview, then prepare for that.

Finding a Job[edit | edit source]

  • Ask the people around you (community, school, clubs, etc.).
  • Ads in the newspaper.
  • Online websites (Internet).
  • Employment agencies: You have to pay them, and they will look for a job for you.
  • Go directly to businesses: Walk into a KFC and ask if they need any new workers.
  • Headhunter: Finds you, no need to pay them because the company has paid them to find workers to work for them.

Skills for a Job[edit | edit source]

  • Know how to read.
  • Know how to write.
  • Know how to speak [language (English, etc.)].
  • Math: Arithmetic.
  • Computer skills (typing fast, how to graph, etc.).
  • Able to work without supervision once you've been trained (basically, a keen listener).

How to keep a Job[edit | edit source]

  • Do your work properly, not sloppy.
  • Be punctual (be on time).
  • Restrict your emotions (workers/boss being nasty).
  • Dress appropriately.
  • Don't waste your time at your workplace.
  • Have a good attitude.
  • Respect others, even you don't like them.

Employment Search[edit | edit source]

See Also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]