How things work college course/Industrial Revolution quiz/Testbank

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For more information on this effort to establish an open source exam bank, see Quizbank

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{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_1-->What fraction of the world's electricity was produced by nuclear power in 2012?}
- 63%
+ 13%
- 3%
- 33%
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_2-->How does Wikipedia assess the prospects of  commercial fusion power production before 2050?}
- likely
+ unlikely
- impossible 
- expected
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_3-->In terms of lives lost per unit of energy generated, evidence suggests that  nuclear power has caused ______ fatalities per unit of energy generated than the other major sources of energy.}
+ comparable
- less
- more
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_4-->According to Wikipedia, the amount of green house gasses associated with the construction and maintenance of nuclear power plants is ________ than the emissions associated with other renewable sources (wind, solar, and hydro power.)}
+ about the same
- less
- greater
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_5-->Estimates of additional nuclear generating capacity to be built by 2035 fell by ______ percent after the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011.}
+ 50
- 10
- 90
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_6-->From the figure depicting percentage of power produced by nuclear power plants, we see that the proper ranking from greatest to least reliance on nuclear power for three nations is}
+ France, United States, with Turkey least reliant.
- France ,Turkey  ,  with the United States least reliant.
- United States, France, with Turkey least reliant.
- United States, Turkey, France least reliant.
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_7-->It was discovered that radioactive elements released immense amounts of energy according to the principle of mass–energy equivalence in the ______ }
- late 19th century
+ early 20th century 
- early 19th century
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_8-->Chadwick's discovery of the neutron was significant because neutrons}
- are an excellent fuel for nuclear power
- are not radioactive
+ can be used to create radioactive material at a low price
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_9-->Ernest Rutherford's  "moonshine" was}
- what called neutrons
+ what he called the idea of harnessing nuclear power
- what he called the idea of relying on fossil fuels
- what he called alpha particles
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_10-->Chadwicks discovery of the neutron was significant because}
+ neutrons permit induced radiation
- neutrons are stable
- neutrons are slow
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_11-->Neutrons and protons both have "strong" short range interactions with the nucleus.  Why can't slow protons be used to cause nuclei to undergo fission?}
+ protons are positively charged
- slow protons can induce fission but they are too expensive to produce
- slow protons are attracted to the nucleus
- protons move at the speed of light
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_12-->Fermi used _______ to create what he thought was _______}
- slow neutrons;    "moonshine"
- "moonshine";    fast neutrons
+ slow neutrons;   a new element heavier than uranium (called a transuranic element)
- transuranic (heavy) elements;    a new source of slow neutrons
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_13-->Fermi thought he had discovered ________, when he actually discovered ________}
- fusion;    hesparium
+ hesperium;    fission 
- hesperium;    fusion
- fission;   hesparium
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_14-->Which was developed first, nuclear power generation or nuclear weapons?}
- they were developed simultaneously
+ nuclear weapons
- nuclear power generation
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_15-->The Manhattan project made}
- plutonium and enriched hesparium
+ plutonium and enriched uranium
- uranium and enriched plutonium
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_16-->The Atomic Age, published in 1945, predicted ... }
- nuclear war
- a world government to prevent nuclear war
+ that fossil fuels would go unused
- widespread radiation poisoning
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_17-->In 1953,  "Atoms for Peace" was}
- a presidential speech warning of the need for nuclear arms agreements
- a congressional committee
- a protest movement centered in US universities
+ a presidential speech promoting nuclear energy production
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_18-->The first nuclear power plant to contribute to the grid was situated in}
+ Russia
- Oak Ridge
- Virginia
- Great Britain
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_19-->According to Wikipedia, the prediction made in 1954 that electricity would someday be "too cheap to meter" was}
- an argument that fossil fuels are so abundant that we don't need nuclear energy
- an effort to promote nuclear fission  as an energy source
+ an effort to promote nuclear fusion as an energy source
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_20-->The third worst nuclear disaster occurred in Russia (1957) and was kept secret for 30 years }
+ true
- false
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_21-->More US nuclear submarines sank due to nuclear accidents than did Russian submarines}
- true
+ false
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_22-->The worst nuclear disaster on record occurred in Russia}
- true
+ false
{<!--b_nuclearPower_1_23-->The worldwide number of nuclear reactors and their net capacity grew steadily from 1960, and}
- fluctuated randomly but with a strong correlation with the world economy and price of oil
+ leveled off between Three Mile Island (1979) and Chernobyl (1986).
- did not begin to level off until Chernobyl (1986)
- briefly fell sharply after Three Mile Island (1979), rose again, and again fell after Chernobyl (1986)
Same quiz with different randomization
File:Quizbankdatabase_htw_Industrial_revolution b1.pdf