How things work college course/Industrial Revolution quiz

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This quiz covers the first sections (up to Steam Power) of Industrial Revolution (permalink).

The un-shuffled version of this quiz serves as a good pre-reading activity for the article. For randomized versions of this quiz, use the testbank. For information on how to print out test copies (and other questions) see How to use testbank.

Industrial_Revolution version A

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1 The Industrial Revolution began shortly before

World War I (1914)
the American revolution (1776)
the American civil war (1861)

2 How long did the Industrial Revolution last _____

200 years
300 years
400 years
100 years

3 The dominant industry of the Industrial Revolution in terms of employment, output and invested capital was

military spending
farm equipment
ship building

4 What impact did the industrial revolution have on living standards of ordinary people, according to Wikipedia?

the question is a subject of controversy
little or no growth in the first half, but enormous growth in the second half of the industrial revolution.
sustained growth, for the first time in history
little or no growth until much later (19th and 20th centuries)

5 The industrial revolution began in

simultaneously in a variety of European nations
simultaneously in Europe and the United States
Great Britain
United States
Important technological developments

6 Which is NOT one of the three areas of development that helped initiate the industrial revolution?

assembly lines
iron making
steam power
Textile manufacture

7 The Calico Acts were initially designed to protect

domestic cotton production
the woollen industry
small manufacturers
large manufacturers

8 On the eve of the Industrial Revolution, when the textile industry was largely a cottage industry, women did the ______ and men did the _______. If a loom was used, the work done by the women required ______ person hours.

spinning, weaving, more
spinning, weaving, fewer
weaving, spinning, more
weaving, spinning, fewer

9 On the eve of the Industrial Revolution, when the textile industry was largely a cottage industry, men did the ______ and women did the _______. If a loom was used, the work done by the men required ______ person hours.

spinning, weaving, fewer
weaving, spinning, fewer
weaving, spinning, more
spinning, weaving, more

10 Cartwright built two textile factories. One of them

burned down
two of these are true
is still in use today
was transported to Germany
was sabotaged by workers

11 The purpose of Eli Whitney's cotton gin was to

clean cotton
remove seeds
weave cotton
pick cotton
spin cotton

12 Manchester acquired the nickname __________ during the early 19th century owing to its sprawl of ______

Coalopolis, coal mines
Weavopolis, Weaving factories
Cottonopolis, textile factories
Cokopolis, coke processing plants

13 A major change in the metal industries during the era of the Industrial Revolution was the replacement of wood and other bio-fuels with coal. Compared to wood, coal required

about the same labour to mine, but was more abundant than wood.
less labour to mine and was also more abundant.
less labour to mine, but was less abundant (until the Rineland coal fields were discovered).

14 Henry Cort developed rolling, which is 15 times _____ than ______

faster, hammering
faster, puddling
cheaper, hammering
cheaper, puddling

15 Puddling involved

stirring with a long rod and became much cheaper when steam engines replaced manual stirring
the use of coke instead of coal greatly reduced the cost of producing pig iron
the use of coke instead of coal and led to much strong iron
stirring with a long rod and was never successfully mechanised.

16 For most of the period of the Industrial Revolution, the majority of industrial power was supplied by

steam and wind.
water and steam.
water and wind.
Steam power

17 The Miner's Friend

provided ventilation
transported miners
pumped water
was electrical lighting

18 According to Wikipedia, the first large machine tool was used to

drill coal mines
shape plates for ship hulls
bore cylinders for steam engines steam engines.
plane rails for railroads

19 During the Industrial Revolution, the cost of producing sulfuric acid greatly improved by

replacing glass containers with lead containers
replacing iron containers with glass containers
replacing glass containers with iron containers
replacing lead containers with glass containers

20 Early uses for sulphuric acid included

making cement and bleaching cloth
producing dyes and bleaching cloth
removing rust and making cement
producing dyes and making cement
removing rust and bleaching cloth

21 During the Industrial Revolution, the best Chemists were trained in

Great Britain
United States