Disruptive innovation

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Disruptive innovation (or disruptive technology) is a term proposed by Clayton M. Christensen to describe a new technology that unexpectedly displaces an established technology. This is contrasted with sustaining technology, which is viewed as incrementally improving or evolving technology.

Are educational wikis disruptive technologies?[edit]

At least in the context of education, wikis are arguably disruptive technologies. Traditionally, knowledge-content was stored and held by experts, schools, publishers, etc. - even in the digital age and even with the advent of supposedly student-centered "learning management systems". However, educational wikis put a simple technology in the hands of "students" and "teachers" alike and minimise reliance on arbitrary power-structures in the educational socio-dynamic of information-brokering.


  1. Dvorak, J. C. (2004). The myth of disruptive technology.
  2. Klang, M. (2006). Disruptive Technology: Effects of Technology Regulation on Democracy. Doctoral dissertation.

See also[edit]

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