Windows Server Administration/Roles and Features

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This lesson covers key Windows Server roles and features. Activities include installing and testing several roles and features.

Objectives and Skills[edit]

Objectives and skills for the Understanding Server Roles portion of Windows Server Administration Fundamentals certification are covered in detail later in the course. This lesson helps you:

  • Understand server roles and features

Readings[edit]

  1. Wikipedia: Windows Server 2008#Features
  2. Wikipedia: Windows Server 2012#Features

Multimedia[edit]

  1. YouTube: Windows Server 2008 - Installing Server Roles & Features Using Server Manager
  2. YouTube: DNS - Introduction and Cache-only DNS Servers
  3. YouTube: Setting Up DHCP (2008 Server)

Activities[edit]

  1. Review Install Windows Server 2008 R2 Server Roles with Server Manager. Add the DNS server role. Configure the server to use itself as its DNS server.
  2. Review Install Windows Server 2008 R2 Server Roles with Server Manager. Add the DHCP role. Configure DHCP to use the server for DNS. Test the DHCP configuration with a DHCP client.
  3. Review Best Practices Analyzer. Run the Best Practices Analyzer on the DNS and DHCP roles and research any recommendations provided.
  4. Review Features Available in Windows Server 2008 R2. Add the .NET Framework 3.5.1 feature.
  5. Review Features Available in Windows Server 2008 R2. Add the Telnet Client feature. Use Telnet to connect to and test an HTTP server and an SMTP server.
  6. Review Features Available in Windows Server 2008 R2. Add the Windows PowerShell feature. Test a simple PowerShell script.

Lesson Summary[edit]

  • The Active Directory Domain Services role enables the server to be configured as a domain controller to centrally manage, authenticate, and authorize users, groups, and computers on the network.[1]
  • The Application Server role supports hosting and managing high-performance distributed business applications through the .NET Framework, web services, and application communications services.[2]
  • The DHCP Server role allows the server to provide IP addresses and other settings to network clients.[3]
  • The DNS Server role allows the server to provide host name to IP address resolution for Internet names, as well as hosting name resolution for local domains.[4]
  • The File Services role supports file sharing, DFS, NFS, and SMB.[5]
  • The Hyper-V role supports hosting and managing virtual machines, including both Windows and non-Windows guests.[6]
  • The Network Policy and Access Services role supports RADIUS authentication, routing, and remote access through VPNs.[7]
  • The Print Services role supports printer sharing.[8]
  • The Terminal Services role supports access to remote desktop services, remote applications, and may function as a gateway to remote clients.[9]
  • The Web Server role allows the server to host HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP sites.[10]
  • The Windows Deployment Services role supports network-based installation of Windows and other operating systems through PXE boot.[11]
  • The Group Policy Management feature allows administration of Group Policy objects through the Group Policy Management Console.[12]
  • The .NET Framework 3.5.1 feature installs support for .NET 2.0 and .NET 3.0 applications through the .NET Framework.[13]
  • The Remote Assistance feature supports requesting and offering GUI-based remote assistance.[14]
  • The Remote Server Administration Tools feature supports remote administration of Windows servers from another server.[15]
  • The Telnet Client feature installs a Telnet client, useful for both connecting to Telnet servers (including routers and switches), and testing text-based network services such as HTTP and SMTP.[16]
  • The Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment feature installs a GUI for developing, testing, and running PowerShell scripts.[17]
  • The Windows Server Backup feature installs a Microsoft Management Console snap-in, comnand-line tools, and PowerShell cmdlets to support backup and recovery of Windows servers.[18]

Key Terms[edit]

Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS)
A component of Microsoft Windows operating systems that facilitates prioritized, throttled, and asynchronous transfer of files between machines using idle network bandwidth, most commonly used to deliver software updates to clients.[19]
BitLocker Drive Encryption
A full disk encryption feature included with the business editions of Windows Vista and later operating systems.[20]
Common Language Runtime (CLR)
The virtual machine component of Microsoft's .NET framework responsible for managing the execution of .NET programs.[21]
.NET Framework
A software framework developed by Microsoft that includes a large library supporting a variety of user interface, data access, database connectivity, cryptography, web application development, numeric algorithms, and network communications functions.[22]
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service)
A networking protocol that provides centralized Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) management for computers to connect and use a network service.[23]

Review Questions[edit]

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  1. The Active Directory Domain Services role enables _____.
    The Active Directory Domain Services role enables the server to be configured as a domain controller to centrally manage, authenticate, and authorize users, groups, and computers on the network.
  2. The Application Server role supports _____.
    The Application Server role supports hosting and managing high-performance distributed business applications through the .NET Framework, web services, and application communications services.
  3. The DHCP Server role allows the server to _____.
    The DHCP Server role allows the server to provide IP addresses and other settings to network clients.
  4. The DNS Server role allows the server to _____.
    The DNS Server role allows the server to provide host name to IP address resolution for Internet names, as well as hosting name resolution for local domains.
  5. The File Services role supports _____.
    The File Services role supports file sharing, DFS, NFS, and SMB.
  6. The Hyper-V role supports _____.
    The Hyper-V role supports hosting and managing virtual machines, including both Windows and non-Windows guests.
  7. The Network Policy and Access Services role supports _____.
    The Network Policy and Access Services role supports RADIUS authentication, routing, and remote access through VPNs.
  8. The Print Services role supports _____.
    The Print Services role supports printer sharing.
  9. The Terminal Services role supports _____.
    The Terminal Services role supports access to remote desktop services, remote applications, and may function as a gateway to remote clients.
  10. The Web Server role allows the server to _____.
    The Web Server role allows the server to host HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP sites.
  11. The Windows Deployment Services role supports _____.
    The Windows Deployment Services role supports network-based installation of Windows and other operating systems through PXE boot.
  12. The Group Policy Management feature allows _____.
    The Group Policy Management feature allows administration of Group Policy objects through the Group Policy Management Console.
  13. The .NET Framework 3.5.1 feature _____.
    The .NET Framework 3.5.1 feature installs support for .NET 2.0 and .NET 3.0 applications through the .NET Framework.
  14. The Remote Assistance feature supports _____.
    The Remote Assistance feature supports requesting and offering GUI-based remote assistance.
  15. The Remote Server Administration Tools feature supports _____.
    The Remote Server Administration Tools feature supports remote administration of Windows servers from another server.
  16. The Telnet Client feature _____.
    The Telnet Client feature installs a Telnet client, useful for both connecting to Telnet servers (including routers and switches), and testing text-based network services such as HTTP and SMTP.
  17. The Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment feature _____.
    The Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment feature installs a GUI for developing, testing, and running PowerShell scripts.
  18. The Windows Server Backup feature _____.
    The Windows Server Backup feature installs a Microsoft Management Console snap-in, comnand-line tools, and PowerShell cmdlets to support backup and recovery of Windows servers.

Flashcards[edit]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

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