Windows Server Administration/Roles and Features

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This lesson covers key Windows Server roles and features. Activities include installing and testing several roles and features.

Objectives and Skills[edit | edit source]

Objectives and skills for the Understanding Server Roles portion of Windows Server Administration Fundamentals certification are covered in detail later in the course. This lesson helps you:

  • Understand server roles and features

Readings[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia: Windows Server 2016#Features
  2. Wikipedia: Windows Server 2019#Features

Multimedia[edit | edit source]

  1. YouTube: Windows Server 2019 - Add Roles and Features - Server Manager
  2. YouTube: Implementing DNS on Windows Server 2016 (Step by Step guide)
  3. DNS Zones explained in details
  4. YouTube: Setting Up DHCP (2016 Server)
  5. YouTube: Setting Up DHCP (2019 Server)

Activities[edit | edit source]

  1. Review Install or Uninstall Roles, Role Services, or Features. Add the DNS server role. Configure the server to use itself as its DNS server.
  2. Review Windows server Installing roles and features in different ways. Add the DHCP role. Configure DHCP to use the server for DNS. Test the DHCP configuration with a DHCP client.
  3. Review My top 5 Features in Windows Server 2019. Review System Insights and run some analytics against your server.
  4. Review My top 5 Features in Windows Server 2019. Review the new features. Also look at the doc on Linux on Windows Server 2019 and add Linux to your Windows server.
  5. Review My top 5 Features in Windows Server 2019. Review the Admin Center. What are some of the things that can be done here? Compare and contrast it to Server Manager.
  6. Review Windows server Installing roles and features in different ways. Scroll down to the area "Installing a Windows Feature with PowerShell" and install the telnet feature.

Lesson Summary[edit | edit source]

  • The Active Directory Domain Services role enables the server to be configured as a domain controller to centrally manage, authenticate, and authorize users, groups, and computers on the network.[1]
  • The DHCP Server role allows the server to provide IP addresses and other settings to network clients.[1]
  • The DNS Server role allows the server to provide host name to IP address resolution for Internet names, as well as hosting name resolution for local domains.[1]
  • The File and Storage Services role supports sharing files, managing and storing documents and files on a server..[1]
  • The Hyper-V role supports Server Virtualization which is the ability to host and manage virtual machines, including both Windows and non-Windows guests..[1]
  • The Network Policy and Access Services role supports RADIUS authentication, routing, and remote access through VPNs.[1]
  • The Print and Document Services role provides central printing and remote scanning services.[1]
  • The Remote Access role supports Seamless connectivity and Always on or manager experience with DirectAccess, VPN and Web application proxy.[1]
  • The Windows Server Update Services role allows the server to deploy regular security and bug fixes to clients.[1]
  • The Windows Deployment Services role supports network-based installation of Windows and other operating systems through PXE boot.[1]
  • The Group Policy Management feature allows administration of Group Policy objects through the Group Policy Management Console.[2]
  • The .NET Framework 3.5.1 feature installs support for .NET 2.0 and .NET 3.0 applications through the .NET Framework.[3]
  • The Remote Assistance feature supports requesting and offering GUI-based remote assistance.[4]
  • The Remote Server Administration Tools feature supports remote administration of Windows servers from another server such as managing the Domain, DNS, DHCP and other roles and features..[5]
  • The Telnet Client feature installs a Telnet client, useful for both connecting to Telnet servers (including routers and switches), and testing text-based network services such as HTTP and SMTP.[6]
  • The Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment feature installs a GUI for developing, testing, and running PowerShell scripts.[7]
  • The Windows Server Backup feature installs a Microsoft Management Console snap-in, comnand-line tools, and PowerShell cmdlets to support backup and recovery of Windows servers.[8]
  • The Windows Admin Center allows you to manage the server with a comprehensive set of tools including Certificates, Devices, Events, Processes, Roles and Features, Updates, Virtual Machines and more. [9]

Key Terms[edit | edit source]

Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS)
A component of Microsoft Windows operating systems that facilitates prioritized, throttled, and asynchronous transfer of files between machines using idle network bandwidth, most commonly used to deliver software updates to clients.[10]
BitLocker Drive Encryption
A full disk encryption feature included with the business editions of Windows Vista and later operating systems.[11]
Common Language Runtime (CLR)
The virtual machine component of Microsoft's .NET framework responsible for managing the execution of .NET programs.[12]
.NET Framework
A software framework developed by Microsoft that includes a large library supporting a variety of user interface, data access, database connectivity, cryptography, web application development, numeric algorithms, and network communications functions.[13]
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service)
A networking protocol that provides centralized Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) management for computers to connect and use a network service.[14]

Review Questions[edit | edit source]

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  1. The Active Directory Domain Services role enables _____.
    The Active Directory Domain Services role enables the server to be configured as a domain controller to centrally manage, authenticate, and authorize users, groups, and computers on the network.
  2. The DHCP Server role allows the server to _____.
    The DHCP Server role allows the server to provide IP addresses and other settings to network clients.
  3. The DNS Server role allows the server to _____.
    The DNS Server role allows the server to provide host name to IP address resolution for Internet names, as well as hosting name resolution for local domains.
  4. The File and Storage Services role supports _____.
    The File and Storage Services role supports sharing files, managing and storing documents and files on a server.
  5. The Hyper-V role supports _____.
    The Hyper-V role supports Server Virtualization which is the ability to host and manage virtual machines, including both Windows and non-Windows guests.
  6. The Network Policy and Access Services role supports _____.
    The Network Policy and Access Services role supports RADIUS authentication, routing, and remote access through VPNs.
  7. The Print and Document Services role supports _____.
    The Print and Document Services role Provide central printing and remote scanning services.
  8. The Remote Access role supports _____.
    The Remote Access role supports Seamless connectivity and Always on or manager experience with DirectAccess, VPN and Web application proxy.
  9. The Windows Server Update Services role allows the server to _____.
    The Windows Server Update Services role allows the server to deploy regular security and bug fixes to clients.
  10. The Windows Deployment Services role supports _____.
    The Windows Deployment Services role supports network-based installation of Windows and other operating systems through PXE boot.
  11. The Group Policy Management feature allows _____.
    The Group Policy Management feature allows administration of Group Policy objects through the Group Policy Management Console.
  12. The .NET Framework 3.5.1 feature _____.
    The .NET Framework 3.5.1 feature installs support for .NET 2.0 and .NET 3.0 applications through the .NET Framework.
  13. The Remote Assistance feature supports _____.
    The Remote Assistance feature supports requesting and offering GUI-based remote assistance.
  14. The Remote Server Administration Tools feature supports _____.
    The Remote Server Administration Tools feature supports remote administration of Windows servers from another server such as managing the Domain, DNS, DHCP and other roles and features.
  15. The Telnet Client feature _____.
    The Telnet Client feature installs a Telnet client, useful for both connecting to Telnet servers (including routers and switches), and testing text-based network services such as HTTP and SMTP.
  16. The Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment feature _____.
    The Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment feature installs a GUI for developing, testing, and running PowerShell scripts.
  17. The Windows Server Backup feature _____.
    The Windows Server Backup feature installs a Microsoft Management Console snap-in, comnand-line tools, and PowerShell cmdlets to support backup and recovery of Windows servers.
  18. The _____________________ allows you to manage the server with a comprehensive set of tools including Certificates, Devices, Events, Processes, Roles and Features, Updates, Virtual Machines and more.
    The Windows Admin Center allows you to manage the server with a comprehensive set of tools including Certificates, Devices, Events, Processes, Roles and Features, Updates, Virtual Machines and more.

Flashcards[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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