Windows Server Administration/File and Print Services

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This lesson covers File and Print services. Activities include configuring and testing file and print servers.

Objectives and Skills[edit]

Objectives and skills for the Understanding Server Roles portion of Windows Server Administration Fundamentals certification include:[1]

  • Understand the file and print services: local printers; network printers; printer pools; web printing; web management; driver deployment; file, folder, and share permissions vs. rights; auditing; print job management

Readings[edit]

  1. Wikipedia: File server
  2. Wikipedia: Server Message Block
  3. Wikipedia: Print server
  4. Wikipedia: Line Printer Daemon protocol
  5. Wikipedia: Internet Printing Protocol
  6. Wikipedia: Information technology security audit

Multimedia[edit]

  1. YouTube: Windows File Server
  2. YouTube: Network File Sharing with Windows and Active Directory
  3. YouTube: Print Servers: Print Services Management
  4. YouTube: Windows Quotas
  5. YouTube: MCITP 70-640: Windows Auditing
  6. YouTube: MCITP 70-640: Windows File Auditing

Activities[edit]

  1. Review Microsoft: Install the File Services server role and Microsoft: Create a test share and add sample content. Add the file server role and share folders.
  2. Review Share and NTFS Permissions on a File Server. Apply and test both approaches.
  3. Review Introduction to File Server Resource Manager.
  4. Review Overview of Print and Document Services. Add the print server role and configure shared printers.
  5. Review How to cancel printing or to delete a print job that is stuck in the print queue in Windows XP. Create and test a script to stop the print spooler and delete all spooled files.
  6. Review Security Audit Policy Reference. Configure auditing of access to specific files, folders, and printers.

Lesson Summary[edit]

  • A file server is a computer attached to a network that has the primary purpose of providing a location for shared disk access to workstations on the network.[2]
  • Access to file server resources is based on user or group credentials.[3]
  • Access permissions define the operations that can be performed on network resources.[4]
  • User rights define the privileges set for specific administrative tasks.[5]
  • Share permissions are applied to network shares. NTFS permissions are applied to files and folders. When accessing files and folders through a network share, both shared folder permissions and NTFS permissions are applied, with the most restrictive permission being the effective permission.[6]
  • Server Message Block (SMB), also known as Common Internet File System (CIFS), is the application-layer network protocol used for providing shared access to files and printers with Windows File and Print services.[7]
  • Samba is a free SMB/CIFS implementation for Unix-like clients, which includes Linux and Mac OS X.[8]
  • SMB was originally based on NetBIOS names and used WINS for name resolution. This approach has been deprecated in favor of host names and the use of DNS for name resolution.[9]
  • A print server is a device that connects printers to client computers over a network by accepting print jobs from the computers and sending the jobs to the appropriate printers, queuing the jobs locally to accommodate the fact that work may arrive more quickly than the printer can actually handle it.[10]
  • Windows Print services support printing through SMB, LPD, IPP, and other protocols.[11]
  • Local printers are physically attached to the print server. Network printers are connected to the network and accessed through the printer driver loaded on the server.[12]
  • A printer pool is a single logical printer on the print server connected to multiple physical local or network printers. All printers in the pool must use the same printer driver.[13]
  • Printers and print jobs are managed using the Microsoft Management Console Print Management snap-in.[14]
  • Windows Print services supports installation of both 32-bit and 64-bit print drivers, allowing network clients to pull drivers from the print server when printing.[15]
  • The Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) provides a standard network protocol for remote printing and managing print jobs with support for access control, authentication, and encryption.[16]
  • A computer security audit is a manual or systematic measurable technical assessment of a system or application.[17]
  • In Windows, auditing may be configured on files, folders, and printers to monitor access and usage.[18]

Key Terms[edit]

cache
A component that transparently stores data so that future requests for that data can be served faster.[19]
CIFS (Common Internet File System)
Another name for the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol.[20]
JetDirect
The name of a technology and products sold by Hewlett-Packard that allows computer printers to be directly attached to a Local Area Network.[21]
Line Printer Daemon (LPD)
A network protocol for submitting print jobs to a remote printer.[22]
NetBIOS (Network Basic Input/Output System)
Provides services related to the session layer of the OSI model allowing applications on separate computers to communicate over a local area network.[23]
print job
A file or set of files that has been submitted to be printed.[24]
queue
A collection in which the entities in the collection are kept in order and processed sequentially as First-In-First-Out.[25]
Spool
An acronym for simultaneous peripheral operations on-line, most commonly used for print spooling.[26]
Windows Internet Name Service (WINS)
Microsoft's implementation of NetBIOS Name Service (NBNS), a name server and service for NetBIOS computer names, providing a central mapping of NetBIOS names to network addresses in the same way that DNS provides a central mapping of host names to network addresses.[27]

Review Questions[edit]

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  1. A file server is a computer attached to a network that has the primary purpose of _____.
    A file server is a computer attached to a network that has the primary purpose of providing a location for shared disk access to workstations on the network.
  2. Access to file server resources is based on _____.
    Access to file server resources is based on user or group credentials.
  3. Access permissions define _____.
    Access permissions define the operations that can be performed on network resources.
  4. User rights define _____.
    User rights define the privileges set for specific administrative tasks.
  5. Share permissions are applied to _____. NTFS permissions are applied to _____. When accessing files and folders through a network share, _____ permissions are applied, with the _____ permission being the effective permission.
    Share permissions are applied to network shares. NTFS permissions are applied to files and folders. When accessing files and folders through a network share, both shared folder permissions and NTFS permissions are applied, with the most restrictive permission being the effective permission.
  6. _____, also known as _____, is the application-layer network protocol used for providing shared access to files and printers with Windows File and Print services.
    Server Message Block (SMB), also known as Common Internet File System (CIFS), is the application-layer network protocol used for providing shared access to files and printers with Windows File and Print services.
  7. Samba is a free SMB/CIFS implementation for _____ clients, which includes _____.
    Samba is a free SMB/CIFS implementation for Unix-like clients, which includes Linux and Mac OS X.
  8. SMB was originally based on _____ names and used _____ for name resolution. This approach has been deprecated in favor of _____ names and the use of _____ for name resolution.
    SMB was originally based on NetBIOS names and used WINS for name resolution. This approach has been deprecated in favor of host names and the use of DNS for name resolution.
  9. A print server is a device that connects _____ over a network by accepting _____ and sending _____, first _____.
    A print server is a device that connects printers to client computers over a network by accepting print jobs from the computers and sending the jobs to the appropriate printers, first queuing the jobs locally to accommodate the fact that work may arrive more quickly than the printer can actually handle it.
  10. Windows Print services support printing through _____, _____, _____, and other protocols.
    Windows Print services support printing through SMB, LPD, IPP, and other protocols.
  11. Local printers are physically attached to _____. Network printers are connected to _____ and accessed through _____.
    Local printers are physically attached to the print server. Network printers are connected to the network and accessed through the printer driver loaded on the server.
  12. A printer pool is _____. All printers in the pool must _____.
    A printer pool is a single logical printer on the print server connected to multiple physical local or network printers. All printers in the pool must use the same printer driver.
  13. Printers and print jobs are managed using _____.
    Printers and print jobs are managed using the Microsoft Management Console Print Management snap-in.
  14. Windows Print services supports installation of both _____ and _____ print drivers, allowing network clients to _____.
    Windows Print services supports installation of both 32-bit and 64-bit print drivers, allowing network clients to pull drivers from the print server when printing.
  15. The Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) provides _____ for _____ and _____ with support for _____, _____, and _____.
    The Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) provides a standard network protocol for remote printing and managing print jobs with support for access control, authentication, and encryption.
  16. A computer security audit is _____ of a _____ or _____.
    A computer security audit is a manual or systematic measurable technical assessment of a system or application.
  17. In Windows, auditing may be configured on _____, _____, and _____ to monitor _____ and _____.
    In Windows, auditing may be configured on files, folders, and printers to monitor access and usage.

Flashcards[edit]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

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