Translation

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Translation is a difficult job, but it has many rewards. A good translator can open dialogue, foster understanding and improve cooperation in cross-cultural multilingual settings. This learning project tackles translation from the bottom up starting with crude and simplistic methods, for and by inexperienced translators. Hopefully people who know what they are doing will join the effort.

Create translation table[edit]

We're going to do things the hard way, using OmegaWiki as a place to start. We create a translation table with the words, create, translation and table in their connotations for making a data table for translation:

Afrikaans ? vertaling ???
Armenian ? ?? աղյուսակ
Belarusian ? пераклад ???
Bengali তৈরি ?? ???
Bokmål ? oversettelse ???
Breton ? troidigezh ???
Castilian crear traducción tabla
Catalan crear traducció taula
Danish kreere oversættelse tabel
Dutch creëren vertaling tabel
English create translation table
Esperanto krei traduko tablo
Finnish ? käännös taulukko
French créer traduction tableau
Georgian შექმნა ?? ცხრილი
German kreieren Übersetzung Tabelle
Greek δημιουργώ μετάφραση πίνακας
Hebrew ? ?? טבלה
Hungarian ? fordítás ???
Icelandic ? þýðing ???
Italian creare traduzione tabella
Japanese 創造する 翻訳 テーブル
Lithuanian ? ?? lentelė
Neapolitan crià ?? ???
Persian ? ترجمه ???
Portuguese ? ?? tabela
Romanian crea traducere tabel
Russian ? перевод ???
Swahili ? fanyiza tafsiri ?
Swedish skapa översättning tabell
Turkish yaratmak çeviri tablo
Vietnamese ? ?? bảng
Volapük ? tradutod ???
Xhosa ? inguqulo ???
Zulu ? ukuguqulwa ???

We find those here, here and here. Notice that the tables not only come short of having all the words but they can reveal extra words. For example create in Dutch could also be scheppen and in German could also be erstellen, erschaffen, or schaffen. As an English user, I know that create could be substituted with make, produce, build and several other words without altering the meaning all that much. It is important to collaborate extensively in multilingual translation projects.

Seeding and expanding a translation table[edit]

The following translation table from meta was created by native French speaker and meta-wikipedian, Sam. It began as a tool for he and other Wikipedians who didn't comment their changes, leaving the comment line blank. Sam reasoned it might have been because they weren't sure of how to spell words correctly, use grammar, punctuation, etc. Originally named Wikispeling, the table began in his user space at the French Wikipedia and emerged at meta in the form of Wikispelling. Here's its genesis on 10 December 2004:

de Deutsch Korrektur (Korrekturen) kleine Korrektur (kleine Korrekturen) Rechtschreibung
en English correction (corrections) minor correction (minor corrections) spelling
fr Français correction (corrections) correction mineure (corrections mineures) orthographe
ro Română corectură (corecturi) corectură minoră (corecții minore) ortografie
xh Xhosa isilungiso (izilungiso) isilungiso esincinci (izilungiso ezincinci) izipelo

And here is the version 5 years later as of 31 July 2009:

en English [minor] correction
([minor] corrections)
spelling grammar punctuation typography please help with [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
af Afrikaans [kleine] verbetering
([kleine] verbeteringe)
spelling grammatika interpunksie tipografie Help asseblief met [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]!
als Alemannisch [chlini] Verbesserig
([chlini] Verbesserige)
Rächtschriibig Grammatik Interpunktion Typografie Hilf bitte mit [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]!
ar العربية [طفيف] تصحيح
([طفيفة] تصحيحات)
إملاء قواعد علامات ترقيم مادة طباعية من فضلك ساعد في [[m:Wikispelling|إملاء الويكي]]
ast Asturianu [pequeña] correción
[pequeñes] correciones
ortografía gramática puntuación tipografía por favor, echanos un gabitu con la [[m:Wikispelling|Wikiortografía]]
ba Bosnian [mala] ispravka
([male] ispravke)
pravopis gramatika interpunkcija tipografija Molimo Vas da pomognete sa [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
bg Български [малка] корекция правопис граматика пунктуация оформление
br Brezhoneg reizhadennig [vihan]
(reizhadennoùigoù [bihan])
reizhskrivañ yezhadur poentaouiñ tipografiezh Mar plij, skoazellit ac'hanomp gant ar [[m:Wikispelling|wikireizhskrivañ]]
ca Català [petita] correcció
[petites] correccions
ortografia gramàtica puntuació tipografia Si us plau, ajudeu amb el [[m:Wikispelling|Viquiortògraf]]
cs Česky [drobná] oprava
([drobné] opravy)
pravopis gramatika interpunkce typografie pomozte prosím projektu [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
csb Kaszëbsczi
cy Cymraeg cywiriad [bach]
cywiriadau [bychain]
orgraff gramadeg atalnodi teipograffeg cyfrannwch at brosiect [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]], os gwelwch yn dda
da Dansk [mindre] ændring
[mindre] ændringer
stavning grammatik tegnsætning typografi hjælp [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
de Deutsch [kleine] Korrektur
([kleine] Korrekturen)
Rechtschreibung Grammatik Interpunktion
Zeichensetzung
Typografie Bitte hilf mit [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]!
el Ελληνικά διόρθωση ορθογραφία γραμματική
στίξη τυπογραφία Παρακαλώ βοηθήστε με το[[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
eo Esperanto korekto [malgranda]
korektoj [malgrandaj]
ortografio gramatiko interpunkcio tipografio bonvolu helpi per [[m:Wikispelling|Vikiortografio]]
es Español [pequeña] corrección
[pequeñas] correcciones
ortografía gramática puntuación tipografía ayúdenos con el [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]], por favor
et Eesti [pisi] parandus
([pisikesed] parandused)
õigekiri grammatika kirjavahemärkide tarvitus tüpograafia Palun aita [[m:Wikispelling|Vikiõigekirja]] projekti
eu Euskara ortografia gramatika puntuazio
fi Suomi korjaus oikeinkirjoitus kielioppi välimerkitys
fo Føroyskt stavseting mállæra
fr Français correction [mineure]
(corrections [mineures])
orthographe grammaire ponctuation typographie Aidez-nous avec ([[m:Wikispelling|l'orthographe]] SVP.
gl Galego corrección [menor]
(correccións [menores])
ortografía gramática puntuación tipografía Axuda no [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]], por favor.
ga Gaeilge ceartúchán [beag]
(ceartúcháin [bheaga])
litriú gramadach poncaíocht clóghrafaíocht Cabhraigí le [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]], le bhur dtoil
gv Gaelg kiartaghey cairscreeu lioar ghrammeydys
grammeydys
grammar
punkaghey clougraafeeaght
he עברית תיקון [משני]
תיקונים [משניים]
כתיב דקדוק פיסוק טיפוגרפיה אנא סייעו ב-[[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
hi हिन्दी
hr Hrvatski (manje) ispravke pravopis gramatika interpunkcija slovoslaganje
tipografija
Molim, pomozite [[m:Wikispelling|projektu Wikipravopisa]]
hu Magyar korrigálás
javítás
ortográfia
helyesírás
nyelvtan írásjelek tipográfia
nyomdászat
Kérem segítsen a [[m:Wikispelling|Wiki projekt helyesírásánál]]
hy Հայերեն ուղղագրություն քերականություն կետադրություն
ia Interlingua correction [parve]
(correctiones [parve])
orthographia grammatica punctuation typographia adjuta con [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]], per favor!
id Bahasa Indonesia koreksi ejaan tata bahasa tanda baca tipografi Bantulah kami dalam mengoreksi kesalahan [[m:Wikispelling|ejaan]] di Wikipedia!
it Italiano [piccola] correzione
([piccole] correzioni)
ortografia grammatica punteggiatura tipografia
composizione
per favore, aiutateci con il [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
ja 日本語 校正 綴り
つづり
文法 区切り タイポグラフィー [[m:Wikispelling|ウィキスペリング]]にご協力ください。
ko 한국어 맞춤법 문법
ksh Kölsch / Ripuarisch en [kleijn] Fobäßerong
([kleijn] Fobäßeronge)
et Boochstavveere de Jrammatik de Zëijschesäzong de Typpojraffi Sidd_esu joot, dooht dem [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]] hellefe!
ku Kurdî / كوردی serastkirina biçûk rastnivîs rêziman
la Latina erratum correctum orthographia litteratura punctus typographica
lb Lëtzebuergesch
jbo Lojban cmalu dragau valsi dragau gerna dragau pandi dragau pe'u ko sidju fi la'o gy. [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]] gy.
ml മലയാളം
ms Bahasa Melayu pembetulan [kecil] ejaan tatabahasa tanda baca tipografi Bantulah kami dalam membetulkan kesalahan [[m:Wikispelling|ejaan]] di Wikipedia!
nds Plattdüütsch
nl Nederlands [kleine] correctie
([kleine] correcties)
spelling grammatica interpunctie typografie Help alsjeblieft met [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]!
no Norsk [liten] korreksjon
[små] korreksjoner
rettskrivning grammatikk tegnsetting typografi hjelp [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
pl Polski [drobna] poprawka
([drobne] poprawki)
pisownia gramatyka interpunkcja typografia pomóż poprawiać: [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
pt Português correcção [menor]
(correcções [menores])
ortografia gramática pontuação tipografia ajuda [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]] por favor
ro Română corectură ortografie gramatică punctuaţie tipografie
tipar
ajutați-ne la [[m:Wikispelling|Wikiortografie]], vă rugǎm
ru Русский [незначительное] исправление
[незначительные] исправления
орфография грамматика пунктуация типографика Пожалуйста, помогите проекту [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
scn Sicilianu [piccola] correzzioni
([piccoli] correzzioni)
ortugrafia grammatica puntigghiatura tipografia
cumpusizzioni
per favori, aiutati-nui cun lu [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
sh (Serbo-Croatian) ispravljanje ortografija
pravopis
gramatika interpunkcijski
interpunkcija
tipografija
slaganje
sl Slovenščina manjša poprava
popravljanje
pravopis slovnica ločila tipografija Prosim, pomagajte [[m:Wikispelling|Wikipravopisu]]
sq Shqip ortografi
drejtshkrim
gramatikë
hyrje në shkencë
tipografi
shtypshkrim
sv Svenska [liten] rättning
([små] rättningar)
stavning grammatik interpunktion typografi Hjälp till med [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]!
th ไทย แก้ไข[เล็กน้อย] การสะกดคำ ไวยากรณ์ เครื่องหมายวรรคตอน การเรียงพิมพ์ มาร่วมกันช่วย [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
tr Türkçe [küçük] düzeltmeler yazım
imlâ
dilbilgisi noktalama tipografi [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]'e yardım ediniz!
tk Türkmençe [ujypsyzja] düzedişler orfografiýa grammatika punktuasiýa tipografika [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]e hemaýat beriň!
ur اردو
uk Українська виправлення правопис граматика пунктуація друкування Будь ласка, допоможіть [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
vi Tiếng Việt sửa chữa chính tả ngữ pháp đánh dấu chấm câu cách trình bày xin trợ giúp [[m:Wikispelling|Wikispelling]]
wa Walon [pitit(s)] coridjaedje(s) ôrtografeye croejhete pontiaedje tipografeye Vos nos ploz aidî avou l' ([[m:Wikispelling|ôrtografeye]].
zh 中文 [小]修正 拼写 语法 标点 排版 请帮助完善[[m:Wikispelling|维基拼写]]

You can see that manually generated and maintained wikitables can be worth all the trouble in the long term.

Computer-assisted translation[edit]

Computer-assisted translation.

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