Stereoscopy

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Introduction[edit | edit source]

Learning Objective: to create these kind of stereoscopic images with OpenSource LibreOffice Draw and left-righ-eye images masks created for this Wikiversity Learning resource
I-construction stereoscopy - animation
Pocket stereoscope with original test image. Used by military to examine stereoscopic pairs of aerial photographs.
Stereoscopy - two cameras mounted on tripod with eye distance
Headmounted Display - Use stereoscopic images - 3D preview
View of Boston, c. 1860; an early stereoscopic card for viewing a scene from nature
Kaiserpanorama consists of a multi-station viewing apparatus and sets of stereo slides. Patented by A. Fuhrmann around 1890.[1]
A company of ladies looking at stereoscopic views, painting by Jacob Spoel, before 1868. An early depiction of people using a stereoscope.

In this learning resource we will create a 3D perception from two separtes standard images and create again an image that can be used in a head mounted display to view the 3D scene. All methods should be replicable with low cost IT infrastructure or just you smartphone and application OpenSource software.

Major Steps[edit | edit source]

  • (Left Eye - Right Eye) Create two different images for the left eye and for the right eye and learn how to create the images with different methods.
  • (Positioning of Images for Eyes) If images are take without a tripod, the positioning of objects on the image might not be correct. This step shows how to align the left and right image.
  • combine the two images in own image and add a mask to the image
  • Extend the concept to the recording of 3D videos with two action cams mounted with a parallel view in the distance your eyes
  • (Geometry) Usage of stereoscopy in Geometry and Photogrammetry
  • (Background) Analyze the historic background of Stereoscopy and explain how the knowledge can be used to understand the foundation of Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality.

Introduction[edit | edit source]

Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.[2] The word stereoscopy derives form the greek language from στερεός (stereos) which means firm, solid and σκοπέω (skopeō) for to look, to see.[3][4] Any stereoscopic image is called a stereogram. Originally, stereogram referred to a pair of stereo images which could be viewed using a stereoscope.

Most stereoscopic methods present two offset images separately to the left and right eye of the viewer. These two-dimensional images are then combined in the brain to give the perception of 3D depth. This technique is distinguished from 3D displays that display an image in three full dimensions, allowing the observer to increase information about the 3-dimensional objects being displayed by head and eye movements.

Learning Tasks[edit | edit source]

Stereoscopy Mask as PNG File - WikiCommons - LibreOffice Draw
  • (3D Modelling) Analyze how 3D Modelling with AR.js and Aframe uses the principle of Stereoscopy to create 3D view for generate scene.
  • (Position of Eyes) Close your right eye and then the left eye quickly one after another and compare the images you view just with one eye. Can you identify animals that are able of 3D perception (e.g. an owl) and can you explain why evolution "placed" the eyes more on the side of the head to have a more or less 360-degree view.
  • (LibreOffice Draw - LR-Mask) Start the LibreOffice demo file with the LR-mask (Left-Right eye mask) and place the two images for the left eye under the left part of the eye and right image under the part of the eye.

See also[edit | edit source]

Refernces[edit | edit source]

  1. "The Kaiser (Emperor) Panorama". 9 June 2012.
  2. The Logical Approach to Seeing 3D Pictures. www.vision3d.com by Optometrists Network. Retrieved 2009-08-21
  3. στερεός Tufts.edu, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
  4. σκοπέω, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library

Page Information[edit | edit source]

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