Linux Administration/Installation/RPM and YUM Packages

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This lesson covers RPM and YUM package managers.

Objectives and Skills[edit]

Objectives and skills for the RPM and YUM packages portion of Linux+ certification include:[1]

  • Use RPM and YUM package management
    • Install, re-install, upgrade and remove packages using RPM and YUM
    • Obtain information on RPM packages such as version, status, dependencies, integrity and signatures
    • Determine what files a package provides, as well as find which package a specific file comes from
    • The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
      • rpm
      • rpm2cpio
      • /etc/yum.conf
      • /etc/yum.repos.d/
      • yum
      • yumdownloader

Readings[edit]

  1. Wikipedia: RPM Package Manager
  2. Wikipedia: yum (software)

Multimedia[edit]

Activities[edit]

  1. Complete the tutorial IBM: Learn Linux, 101: RPM and YUM package management
  2. Read RPM release notes

Lesson Summary[edit]

  • RPM Package Manager (RPM) (originally Red Hat Package Manager) is a free and open-source package management system using the .rpm file format.[2]
  • rpm -i package installs the given package.[3]
  • rpm -U package upgrades the given package.[4]
  • rpm -F package freshens (reinstalls) the given package.[5]
  • rpm -e package erases (removes) the given package.[6]
  • rpm2cpio extracts RPM payload files without having to install the package.[7]
  • The Yellowdog Updater, Modified (YUM) is a free and open-source command-line package-management utility for computers running the Linux operating system using the RPM Package Manager.[8]
  • yum install packagelist installs the given packages.[9]
  • yum update packagelist updates the given packages.[10]
  • yum remove packagelist removes the given packages.[11]
  • yumdownloader is a program for downloading RPMs from Yum repositories.[12]
  • /etc/yum.conf is the configuration file used by yum.[13]
  • /etc/yum.repos.d/ is the yum repository directory.[14]

Key Terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]