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Python is a widely used high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability, and its syntax allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code than possible in other popular programming languages.[1]

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Python is a multi-paradigm programming language, that is dynamically typed and garbage-collected. Many of the capabilities that the Python language supports are object-oriented programming and functional programming. This language follows a philosophy, which consists of phrases such as:

  • "Beautiful is better than ugly"
  • "Simple is better than Complex"
  • "Readability counts"
  • "Explicit is better than implicit"
  • "Complex is better than complicated"

See Zen of Python for more information about this philosophy.

Python aims for simplicity and a less-cluttered syntax, while allowing developers to have options for their preferred coding method. Python has many versions out for developers to use. This consists of Python 2 (now on Sunset Status) and Python 3.9 (October 2020).

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