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The Department of Persian



Welcome to the Persian Language Department at Wikiversity
Part of the Center for Foreign Language Learning
of the School of Language and Literature


Persian The Persian Language

Iranian languages

Persian .. .

Please write here the translation of the text below in Persian.

Persian is an Iranian language.

Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as parts in Pakistan, and by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. It is derived from the language of the ancient Persian People. It is part of the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian languages family.

Persian and its varieties have official-language status in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. According to CIA World Factbook, based on old data, there are approximately 62 million native speakers of Persian in w:IranIran,[1] Afghanistan,[2] Tajikistan[3] and Uzbekistan[4] and about the same number of people in other parts of the world speak Persian. UNESCO was asked to select Persian as one of its languages in 2006.[5] Persian has also been taught in the Pakistani School curriculum until the Benazir Bhutto's government changed it.

Persian has been a medium for literary and scientific contributions to the Islamic world as well as the Western. It has had an influence on certain neighbouring languages, particularly the Turkic languages of Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia. It has had a lesser influence on Arabic and other languages of Mesopotamia.

For five centuries prior to the British colonization of present day Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh, Persian was widely used as a second or first language in the Indian subcontinent; it took prominence as the language of culture and education in several Muslim courts in the subcontinent and became the "official language" under the Mughal emperors. Only in 1843 did the subcontinent begin conducting business in English.[6] Evidence of Persian's historical influence in the region can be seen in the extent of its influence on Urdu, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, and the Sindhi language, as well as the popularity that Persian literature still enjoys in the region.

Link to Wikipedia in Persian


To show your interest in the Persian Language, sign up at the Persian stream. This will provide a record of who is learning Persian, so you can see who else out there speaks Persian and can speak to them.


If you want to teach , please sign up at the Persian stream and contact the Head of Persian

Indo-Iranian Staff

Here is the List of Staff members in the Indo-Iranian Languages Division

... Courses    ... Projects




Other Languages

Department news

  • 21st December 2007 - Persian Department Founded



  1. CIA Factbook: Iran
  2. CIA Factbook: Afghanistan
  3. CIA Factbook: Tajikistan
  4. CIA Factbook: Uzbekistan
  5. BBC
  6. Clawson, Patrick (2004). Eternal Iran. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 6. ISBN 1403962766.