Motivation and emotion/Book/2019/Mindfulness and sporting performance

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Mindfulness and sporting performance: What is the effect of mindfulness on sporting performance?
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Overview[edit | edit source]

  • What is Mindfulness?
  • How does Mindfulness relate to sport?
  • Does Mindfulness have an effect on sporting performance?
  • How should athletes include Mindfulness into their training program?

What is Mindfulness[edit | edit source]

Mindfulness is an awareness of one's experience in the present moment (Davis & Hayes, 2011). Mindfulness involves and requires you to be intentionally paying attention and fully engaged to what is around you. When an individual is not mindful they can fall back into what is known as the default mode, which can create problems (Garrison, Zeffiro, Scheinost, Constable & Brewer, 2015).

Benefits of Mindfulness[edit | edit source]

  • Relieve stress
  • Help manage depression
  • Treat heart disease
  • Lower blood pressure

Exercise to develop Mindfulness[edit | edit source]

(*possibly include specific Exercises that achieve mindfulness eg yoga, running and how they can develop different aspects of mindfulness*)

Mindfulness and Sport[edit | edit source]

Figure 1. Cricketers often dwell on past performances, limiting them from performing at their best.

Modern athletes are reaching peak sporting performance and are looking to gain every advantage they can get, no matter how small. Recently, there has been a greater focus on the mental strength of athletes, and a focus in improving it. It has been found that many athletes perform inconsistently due to anxiety, lack of self confidence as well as other barriers (Mamassis & Doganis, 2004). Mindfulness training may be able to address these issues, resulting in an enhancement of sporting performance.

Dispositional Mindfulness[edit | edit source]

  • Many athletes are critical of past performances, and focus on possible future results, resulting in a lose of focus of the current moment.

Anxiety and Mindfulness[edit | edit source]

  • Can reduce sport anxiety

Mindfulness Interventions[edit | edit source]

(*avaliability of apps- could listen to will running or learning to listen to nature while running instead of music?*)

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Motivation and emotion/Book/2011/Mindfulness (Book chapter, 2011)

References[edit | edit source]

Davis, Daphne M.; Hayes, Jeffrey A. (2011). "What are the benefits of mindfulness? A practice review of psychotherapy-related research." (in en). Psychotherapy48 (2): 198–208. doi:10.1037/a0022062. ISSN 1939-1536.

Garrison, Kathleen A.; Zeffiro, Thomas A.; Scheinost,Dustin; Constable, R. Todd; Brewer, Judson A. (2015-9)."Meditation leads to reduced default mode network activity beyond an active task" (in en). Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience 15 (3): 712–720.doi:10.3758/s13415-015-0358-3. ISSN 1530-7026.PMID 25904238. PMC PMC4529365.

Mamassis, George; Doganis, George (2004-4). "The Effects of a Mental Training Program on Juniors Pre-Competitive Anxiety, Self-Confidence, and Tennis Performance" (in en). Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 16 (2): 118–137.doi:10.1080/10413200490437903. ISSN 1041-3200.

External links[edit | edit source]