Motivation and emotion/Book/2018/Suicidality across the lifespan

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Suicidality Across the Lifespan:
How does suicidality vary across the lifespan?
Parodyfilm.svg[Replace this text with the URL Go to a 3 min. audiovisual overview of this chapter.]

Overview[edit]

Figure 1. Before the Flight, an artist's impression.

Relevant Theories of Suicidality Motivation[edit]

Escape Theory of Suicide[edit]

Self-Discrepancy Theory and Suicidal Ideation[edit]

Emotional Dysregulation and Suicidal Behaviour[edit]

possible reference here: Kranzler, A., Fehling, K. B., Anestis, M. D., & Selby, E. A. (2016). Emotional dysregulation, internalizing symptoms, and self-injurious and suicidal behavior: Structural equation modeling analysis. Death Studies, 40(6), 358-366.

Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide[edit]

  • how do we measure suicidality? Thwarted belongingness and percieved budensomeness as distinct constructs... reference: Van Orden, K. A., Cukrowicz, K. C., Witte, T. K., & Joiner, T. J. (2012). Thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness: Construct validity and psychometric properties of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire. Psychological Assessment, 24(1), 197-215. doi:10.1037/a0025358

Basic Psychological Needs: The Role of Autonomy, Competency, and Relatedness[edit]

  • reference: Britton, P. C., Van Orden, K. A., Hirsch, J. K., & Williams, G. C. (2014). Basic psychological needs, suicidal ideation, and risk for suicidal behavior in young adults. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 44(4), 362–371. http://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12074

Suicidality Across the Lifespan[edit]

(grouped similarly as Erikson's stages of human development) (linking to another reference) (see Figure 1. for a visual on suicidality over the lifespan- this could change if I find a better graph)

Figure 1. Suicide rates in the U.S. by age group------ THIS MIGHT CHANGE

general discussion on motivations for suiciding (maybe this reference: Khazem, L. R., Jahn, D. R., Cukrowicz, K. C., & Anestis, M. D. (2017). Health conditions, physical disabilities, perceived burdensomeness, and depressive symptoms influence suicidal ideation. Death Studies, 41(4), 220-225.)

What is the suicidality motivation for people of different age groups?

Infancy-Early Childhood[edit]

  • Under 2 years- 5 years
  • Children at this stage are not really considered to have suicidal tendencies

Childhood[edit]

  • 5 years- 12 years
  • (bullying. children may start looking at and using social/online media.... cyberbullying)
  • (on use of social/online media at this age) reference: Moberg, F. B., & Anestis, M. D. (2015). A preliminary examination of the relationship between social networking interactions, Internet use, and thwarted belongingness. Crisis: The Journal Of Crisis Intervention And Suicide Prevention, 36(3), 187-193. doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000311
  • using the internet to search for help in suiciding? celebrities suiciding causing an increased searching of the web - both harmful and helpful. reference: Arendt, F., & Scherr, S. (2017). The impact of a highly publicized celebrity suicide on suicide-related online information seeking. Crisis: The Journal Of Crisis Intervention And Suicide Prevention, 38(3), 207-209. doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000455

Adolescence[edit]

  • 12 years-19 years
  • (similar issues as childhood- escalating???)
  • reference:

Adulthood[edit]

  • 19 years- 65 years
  • (work stress/environment, further education, debt, relationship stressors, failures?? possible topics of dicussion)
  • the statistics: rates of suicide amongst middle aged people have increased from the since 1999 reference: Chakravarthy, B., Frumin, E., & Lotfipour, S. (2014). Increasing Suicide Rates Among Middle-age Persons and Interventions to Manage Patients with Psychiatric Complaints. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15(1), 11–13. http://doi.org/10.5811/westjem.2013.12.19513
  • Failure to meet standards ... escape theory.... reference: Chatard, A., & Selimbegović, L. (2011). When self-destructive thoughts flash through the mind: Failure to meet standards affects the accessibility of suicide-related thoughts. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 100(4), 587-605. doi:10.1037/a0022461
  • linking back to the above mentioned theoretical basis of suicidal ideation and risk for suicidal behavaiour in young adults: Britton, P. C., Van Orden, K. A., Hirsch, J. K., & Williams, G. C. (2014). Basic psychological needs, suicidal ideation, and risk for suicidal behavior in young adults. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 44(4), 362–371. http://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12074

Maturity[edit]

  • 65 years- death
  • Assisted suicide?
  • Loneliness?
  • reference:
  • (link to Suicidality in the elderly)
  • this section will be less in depth as I can link to the other wikiversity chapter for this year

The LGBTQI+ Community[edit]

  • (may or may not include this here, or weave this topic over adolescence, early adulthood, and adulthood) reference: Woodward, E. N., Wingate, L., Gray, T. W., & Pantalone, D. W. (2014). Evaluating thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness as predictors of suicidal ideation in sexual minority adults. Psychology Of Sexual Orientation And Gender Diversity, 1(3), 234-243. doi:10.1037/sgd0000046

Images[edit]

Possible images for use can be found at Wikimedia Commons.

'Impulsive' Suicide[edit]

  • What is it?
  • reference: May, A. M., & Klonsky, E. D. (2016). 'Impulsive' suicide attempts: What do we really mean?. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, And Treatment, 7(3), 293-302. doi:10.1037/per0000160

Overcoming Suicidality[edit]

  • (different treatment options- discuss would they differ over the different age groups?)
  • the relevance of the media in prevention efforts... reference: Cheng, Q., Fu, K., Caine, E., & Yip, P. F. (2014). Why do we report suicides and how can we facilitate suicide prevention efforts? Perspectives of Hong Kong media professionals. Crisis: The Journal Of Crisis Intervention And Suicide Prevention, 35(2), 74-81. doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000241

Conclusion[edit]

  • What are the take-home messages?

See also[edit]

Suicidality in the elderly (Book chapter, 2018)

Suicidality and motivation (Book chapter, 2013)

Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development (Wikipedia)

References[edit]

Arendt, F., & Scherr, S. (2017). The impact of a highly publicized celebrity suicide on suicide-related online information seeking. Crisis: The Journal Of Crisis Intervention And Suicide Prevention, 38(3), 207-209. doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000455

Britton, P. C., Van Orden, K. A., Hirsch, J. K., & Williams, G. C. (2014). Basic psychological needs, suicidal ideation, and risk for suicidal behavior in young adults. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 44(4), 362–371. http://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12074

Chakravarthy, B., Frumin, E., & Lotfipour, S. (2014). Increasing Suicide Rates Among Middle-age Persons and Interventions to Manage Patients with Psychiatric Complaints. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15(1), 11–13. http://doi.org/10.5811/westjem.2013.12.19513

Chatard, A., & Selimbegović, L. (2011). When self-destructive thoughts flash through the mind: Failure to meet standards affects the accessibility of suicide-related thoughts. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 100(4), 587-605. doi:10.1037/a0022461

Cheng, Q., Fu, K., Caine, E., & Yip, P. F. (2014). Why do we report suicides and how can we facilitate suicide prevention efforts? Perspectives of Hong Kong media professionals. Crisis: The Journal Of Crisis Intervention And Suicide Prevention, 35(2), 74-81. doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000241

Khazem, L. R., Jahn, D. R., Cukrowicz, K. C., & Anestis, M. D. (2017). Health conditions, physical disabilities, perceived burdensomeness, and depressive symptoms influence suicidal ideation. Death Studies, 41(4), 220-225.

Kranzler, A., Fehling, K. B., Anestis, M. D., & Selby, E. A. (2016). Emotional dysregulation, internalizing symptoms, and self-injurious and suicidal behavior: Structural equation modeling analysis. Death Studies, 40(6), 358-366.

May, A. M., & Klonsky, E. D. (2016). 'Impulsive' suicide attempts: What do we really mean?. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, And Treatment, 7(3), 293-302. doi:10.1037/per0000160

Moberg, F. B., & Anestis, M. D. (2015). A preliminary examination of the relationship between social networking interactions, Internet use, and thwarted belongingness. Crisis: The Journal Of Crisis Intervention And Suicide Prevention, 36(3), 187-193. doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000311

Woodward, E. N., Wingate, L., Gray, T. W., & Pantalone, D. W. (2014). Evaluating thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness as predictors of suicidal ideation in sexual minority adults. Psychology Of Sexual Orientation And Gender Diversity, 1(3), 234-243. doi:10.1037/sgd0000046

Van Orden, K. A., Cukrowicz, K. C., Witte, T. K., & Joiner, T. J. (2012). Thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness: Construct validity and psychometric properties of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire. Psychological Assessment, 24(1), 197-215. doi:10.1037/a0025358

External links[edit]

eHeadspace (eHeadspace Australia)

Kids Helpline (Kids Helpline Australia)

List of Suicide Crisis Lines (Wikipedia)