Motivation and emotion/Book/2017/Emotional chills

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Emotional chills:
What are they and why do we experience them?
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Overview[edit]

[Provide more detail]

What are emotional chills?[edit]

[1]Figure 1. Goosebumps: A common expression of emotional chills

Emotional chills refers to a set of bodily sensations, commonly experienced as shivers or goosebumps. Emotional Chills are often distinct, and involves stimulation of the body's psychological and physiological systems. They are often perceived as positive experiences, however they can also be negative ordeals.

Which of these is most true

(A) Emotional chills are caused by one form of stimulation; Emotional chills can be caused by positive affect
(B) Emotional chills are caused by one form of stimulation; Emotional chills can be caused by negative affect
(C) Emotional chills can be caused by many forms of stimulation; Emotional chills can be caused by positive affect
(D) Emotional chills can be caused by many forms of stimulation; Emotional chills can be caused by negative affect
(E) C and D


Early Research[edit]

Kurt Goldstein, a German Neurologist and Psychiatrist, was the first researcher to study the phenomenon of chills. Goldstein created a survey aiming to uncover the the most common source which elicits the chills, and found that musical passages topped the list. Movie scenes, and breathtaking nature were also found to induce emotional chills.

Goldstein identified which form of stimulation as the most common elicitor of emotional chills?

Emotional
Aural
Gustatory
Tactile
Visual


Causes of Emotional Chills[edit]

There are a number of alternatives which induce Emotional Chills. A study published in 2010 presented evidence that Emotional Chills can be elicited through aural, tactile, visual, and gustatory stimulation.

- Aural Stimulation

- Tactile Stimulation

- Visual stimulation

- Gustatory Stimulation  

- Mental self-stimulation

Psychophysiological Processes of Emotional Chills[edit]

Empirical studies have indicated that emotional chills are coupled with an increase in electrodermal activity (EDA) due to activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). The SNS is

- Brain imaging techniques have suggested stimulations of reward-related areas of the brain

- Release of dopamine

Individual Differences[edit]

Research has suggested that individual differences such as our behavioural activation system (BAS) and our General reward Sensitivity (GRS) have implications on the severity, and frequency of emotional chills

Conclusion[edit]

  • Further research into emotional chills would allow us to identify and manipulate peak emotional states.
  • This can have many potential implications in treating depression and other mood disorders

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Altenmuller, E., Grewe, O., Katzur, B., Kopiez, R., (2010). Chills in different sensory domains: Frisson elicited by acoustical, visual, tactile and gustatory stimuli. Sage Journal, 39, 220-239. doi/10.1177/0305735610362950

Iwanaga, M., Mori, K. (2015). General reward sensitivity predicts intensity of music-evoked chills. Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 32, 484-492. doi: 10.1525/mp.2015.32.5.484

Panksepp, J,. (1995). The emotional sources of "Chills" induced by Music. Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 13, 171-207. doi: 10.2307/40285693

External links[edit]