Instructional design/CARP/Names of CARP Principles

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Part 2 - Names of CARP Principles[edit | edit source]

CARP is an example of a first-letter mnemonic, meaning that each letter of CARP is the first letter of a word. A mnemonic helps you memorize content through encoding. Another common example is PEMDAS to help you remember the order of operations when solving math problems: (Perentheses, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, Subtraction.)

The CARP acronym stands for:

C = Contrast
A = Alignment
R = Repetition
P = Proximity


Reciting verbally is the most effective repetition strategy for memorization. The repetition will help you retain this information in your long-term memory.

Read the following lines out loud:

Contrast, Alignment, Repetition, Proximity: carp carp carp

Contrast, Alignment, Repetition, Proximity: carp carp carp

Contrast, Alignment, Repetition, Proximity: carp carp carp

Caprinus carpio Prague Vltava 1.jpg


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