# How to use SPSS/Descriptives

 Resource type: this resource contains a tutorial or tutorial notes.

## Descriptive & Graphical Exercise Using SPSS

1. Assumed knowledge: Allen and Bennett Chapter 3: Summarising and displaying data (pp. 19-32)
2. For univariate descriptive statistics and graph(s), determine the level of measurement and then decide on appropriate statistics and graphing.
4. Conduct the univariate and bivariate descriptive and graphical analyses outlined below.

## Univariate

Determine the level of measurement and obtain appropriate univariate descriptives and graphs to depict the nature of responses to each of the following variables:

1. LIFEEXPF (Life expectancy for females)
2. RELIGION (Main religion of country)

Statistically, you may consider using:

1. frequency / % / mode
2. median
3. mean, SD, skewness, kurtosis

Graphically, you may consider using:

1. bar graph
2. pie chart
3. stem and leaf plot
4. boxplot
5. histogram
6. line graph
7. error bar

## Converting tables and graphs to APA style

Default SPSS tables and graphs generally need considerable editing in order to be presented in APA style.

Figures - edit in chart editor, then copy into word processor
1. Caption below - note italicisation, capitalisation
2. Greyscale unless Colour is really needed
3. Axis titles
4. Legend - if needed