How to use SPSS/Descriptives
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Descriptive & Graphical Exercise Using SPSS[edit]
- Assumed knowledge: Allen and Bennett Chapter 3: Summarising and displaying data (pp. 19-32)
- For univariate descriptive statistics and graph(s), determine the level of measurement and then decide on appropriate statistics and graphing.
- Download and open the datafile: World95.xls
- Conduct the univariate and bivariate descriptive and graphical analyses outlined below.
Univariate[edit]
Determine the level of measurement and obtain appropriate univariate descriptives and graphs to depict the nature of responses to each of the following variables:
- LIFEEXPF (Life expectancy for females)
- RELIGION (Main religion of country)
Statistically, you may consider using:
- frequency / % / mode
- median
- mean, SD, skewness, kurtosis
Graphically, you may consider using:
- bar graph
- pie chart
- stem and leaf plot
- boxplot
- histogram
- line graph
- error bar
Converting tables and graphs to APA style[edit]
Default SPSS tables and graphs generally need considerable editing in order to be presented in APA style.
- Figures - edit in chart editor, then copy into word processor
- Caption below - note italicisation, capitalisation
- Greyscale unless Colour is really needed
- Axis titles
- Legend - if needed
- More info and examples: [1], [2]
- Tables - copy to word processor and edit
- Caption above - note italicsation, capitalisation
- Horizontal lines above and below heading row and below bottom row - no other lines
- Remove redundant columns and rows
- Use labels rather than variable names
- More info and examples: [3], [4], [5]
See also[edit]
- Advanced descriptive and graphing exercises