# How to use SPSS/Descriptives/Advanced

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Resource type: this resource contains a tutorial or tutorial notes. |

## Descriptive & Graphical Exercise Using SPSS

[edit | edit source]- Assumed knowledge: Allen and Bennett Chapter 3: Summarising and displaying data (pp. 19-32)
- Download and open the datafile qfsall.sav (collected using the Quick Fun Survey (html))
- Conduct the univariate and bivariate descriptive and graphical analyses outlined below.
- You can also download demonstration syntax and output files:

## Univariate

[edit | edit source]Determine the level of measurement and obtain appropriate univariate descriptives and graphs to depict the nature of responses to each of the following variables:

- a8 (What is your favourite season?)
- b2 (Do you snore?)
- b4 (Do you believe in God?)
- b9 (At what age do you think you will die?)
- b13 (Femininity-Masculinity)

Statistically, you may consider using:

- frequency / % / mode
- median
- mean, SD, skewness, kurtosis

Graphically, you may consider using:

- bar graph
- pie chart
- stem and leaf plot
- boxplot
- histogram
- line graph
- error bar

### Bivariate

[edit | edit source]Determine the level of measurement and examine bivariate distributions for the following relationships:

(Note that unless you are an experienced statistician you probably should conduct univariate descriptives and graphs for each variable before using them in bivariate and multivariate analyses.)

- a1 (Gender) and a4 (Favourite colour)

(nominal by nominal)- crosstabs
- clustered bar graph

- b10 (Psychology student status) and b7 (Exercise)

(nominal by ratio)- means table
- bar graph (means)

- b14 (Physical health) and b15 (Mental health)

(interval by interval)- correlation
- scatterplot - edit by going into chart editor, double-clicking on a data point and changing to bins to represent multiple data points.
- b7 (Exercise) and b9 (At what age do you think you will die?)

(ratio by ratio) - correlation
- scatterplot