HTML or HyperText Markup Language is a predominant markup language for web pages. It is a structured way of telling web browsers how a web page should be displayed. HTML is a static language, which means that it cannot process (or change its content based on) user input.
Prerequisites[edit | edit source]
Basic HTML has no prerequisites in any formal education. HTML is text-based computer-coding that can be made and run by children that understand the alphabet and symbols (Age: 6+). It requires no specialist computer knowledge at its basic level. Further insight (as delivered in these lessons) requires at least a moderately educated individual or supervisor.
- Example: A children's lesson
|[Tags for XML which include] HTML merely use diamond symbols: <> one uncut diamond, and then closed with </> a cut diamond.
The basic set of HTML words are put in the diamonds.
<html> <head> <title> and then closed </title> </head> <body> but this is another section for the page.</body> </html>
|To finish the child merely creates a filename with the .html extension. Then, the child can click on the file icon to open it in a web browser! The .html file is usually associated with a browser.
HTML Editor[edit | edit source]
- To write HTML, you need to use an editor:
- Any plain-text editor will do, such as Windows Notepad, Macintosh TextEdit or gedit/Kate for Linux. A word processor, such as Microsoft Word or OpenOffice is not acceptable, but a more advanced text editor such as Notepad++ is fine, and even recommended.
- A What-You-See-Is-What-You-Get (WYSIWYG) editor, such as Microsoft Expression Web (which replaced Frontpage (discontinued)) or Adobe Dreamweaver will work, but this course will focus on learning with a text editor before using a WYSIWYG editor.
- You may also want to use a software that is specialized for programming, such as Eclipse.
- To view rendered HTML, you need a web browser (such as the one you are using to view this page). But it's a good idea to view your HTML documents in multiple browsers, because each browser has different rules to displays HTML documents. Jsbelk 12:26, 23 September 2011 (UTC)
HTML Structure[edit | edit source]
<html> <head> <title></title> </head> <body></body> </html>
- Begin your HTML webpage
- HTML tags contain the title of the webpage which you see at the top of your browser tab
- HTML tags contain, like it says, the body of the webpage which the user sees
Lessons[edit | edit source]
- HTML tags
- Basic formatting
- Fonts and colours
- Graphical Content and Multimedia - Understand how to display audio, video, and images using HTML.
- Meta Tags
- WYSIWYG vs. Manual Coding in HTML - Advantages and disadvantages to both
- What is HTML anyway? - Get started on the right foot with this fun introduction to HTML!
- HTML Challenges - Work on your HTML skills with these visual challenges.
- 301 redirect
- improving HTML
See Also[edit | edit source]
- Internet Fundamentals/HTML
- Web design
- Web Foundations
- Exam 98-375: HTML5 Application Development Fundamentals
- Exam 98-383: Introduction to Programming using HTML and CSS