Games of gain-ground/Llargues
Games of gain-ground
Llargues (i.e. "long ones") is the oldest Valencian pilota modality. It is played on the streets, where two teams formed by 3, 4 or 5 players throw each other the ball with the hand try to surpass an imaginary line which changes every game.
The chosen place must be a plain, straight, wide and long street, measuring 70 m at most. If one of the sides is upset the downside will be assigned to the "rest", the same if one of the sides is wider.
Street is limited by two lines: the banca line and the rest line which mark the end of both sides. There is also another line, the fault line which signals the point the ball must surpass when serving, at 40 m from the rest. In case one of the playing teams is clearly stronger they may give some steps, that is, to allow the banca line to be a bit more advanced in order to compensate for the stronger opponent serve.
Spectators may sit on the sidewalks and behind the street end lines.
Llargues are played with a badana ball, which can be played without any protection. Since this sport is practiced on the streets and the bounce is very irregular this kind of ball almost does not bounce. They are cheap, so it does not matter if any ball is lost on the roofs, at another street or in any balcony (which happens often). Also, streets have plenty of irregularities such as borders or traffic signals, and many places with a different rebound (walls and doors, ground or gutter lids), that cause strange effects to the trajectory of the ball; those unexpected directions are somehow minimized by the soft rebound of the badana ball since it is made of moulding materials. Another reason to use this ball is its slowness and softness, so that it is proper for amateur or casual players.
The badana ball is made of rags with sheepskin. Weight: 39 g., diameter: 38 mm.
Two teams formed by 4 or 5 players try to attain a certain score (usually 10 points) by throwing each other a ball with the hand so that the opposing team is not able to send it back. Not so long ago there was another scoring system called "up and down" (a pujar i baixar), where the team who was losing subtracted points to the winner.
Teams wear red and blue T-shirts, with red being the colour of the team allegedly stronger or favoured in the betting.
Players receive a name depending on their position on the street:
Every point consists of four quinzes: 15, 30, val, and joc. The team who wins the joc scores a point.
The quinze begins when the banca serves: From the other side of the banca line the player must send himself the ball and (without any bounce) hit it to throw it so that it surpasses the fault line without touching the ground, then the opposing team may hit it back or block it so that it does not advance further.
In Llargues the ball must be hit with the hand when it is in the air or after its first rebound on the ground, to send it to the opposing team's field or behind the line that marks the end of the street. When the player blocks the ball he may touch it with any part of his body (but only after the second bounce), in that case a line is done on the ground (actually, a signal is placed on the sidewalk). It is the basic principle of the games of gain-ground.
The main feature of Llargues are the ratlles ( lines in Valencian language ), the signals set in the place where the ball has been blocked every quinze. The ball may be blocked because it's been thrown to the spectators and hasn't come back to the playing area, or, more likely, because a player has chosen to stop its advance when he realized he can not hit it back properly. In case the ball gets blocked on any roof or balcony the quinze is lost for whoever sent it there.
When a team has got 2 ratlles teams change the fields; they will try to score those pending points. Also, if the banca team gets a val they must change the field, even if they have only one ratlla.
When serving, they try to get direct quinzes or win the pending ratlles. Those ratlles are now the fault line. This way, the farther they have moved the ratlla the more places they have to defend the opponent and the more non-protected areas there will be.
Direct quinzes are scored when:
A palma is a Llargues variant where the only difference is the serve. Since there are so many good banques, the serving is done a palma (with the palm), that is, the arm is extended long. This way, the serving strike is not so strong and teams are likely to be more equal.
The Perxa shares the same rules than the Llargues variant except for the serve. The serve is done from the fault line throwing the ball over a rope (as seen on the Galotxa variant) to a square drawn on the ground.