Emergency medical responder (EMR)/Critical interventions

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What is a critical intervention[edit | edit source]

During the EMR primary survey certain circumstances may be discovered that will require immediate correction to prevent the patient’s condition from deteriorating. The only time a primary survey should ever be interrupted is for a critical intervention.

Unsafe environment[edit | edit source]

Carbon Monoxide or other toxic substances in the air, extreme heat or cold, etc.

Airway/Breathing compromise[edit | edit source]

Blocked airway[edit | edit source]

Inadequate rate rhythm and/or quality of breathing[edit | edit source]

Pneumothorax/Hemothorax[edit | edit source]

Cardiac compromise[edit | edit source]

Inadequate rate rhythm and/or quality of pulse[edit | edit source]

Shock[edit | edit source]

Deadly Bleeding[edit | edit source]

Internal bleeding[edit | edit source]

  • Femur fracture/Bilateral Femur fracture
  • Pelvic fracture
  • Abdominal distention

Open wound bleeding[edit | edit source]

  • Arterial bleed
  • Amputation