Bengali Language/Verbs/Perfect Aspect

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The Perfect Aspect Stem is created in the following manner :

Steps Example
1. The verb that is to be conjugated in the perfect aspect, we take its infinitive form and remove the -aa ending bawlaa --> bawl-
2. To this new root, we add -e bawl- + -e --> bole
Note : the ending -e transforms the previous vowel in the root
3. Now to this we add the perfect aspect marker fel-, raakh-/rekh-, ni-, di-, poR-, gi-, esh-
We have now the Perfect Aspect Stem
Not all of these markers can be attached to all verbs.
bole fel-, bole raakh-/rekh-, bole ni-, bole di-, bole gi-, bole esh- (bole poR- is not possible in Bengali)

Table of allowable Perfect Aspect Markers for different verbs

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Here is an incomplete but expanding list which shows which verbs are allowed to join with which perfect aspect markers (PAM)

Verb (infinitive) PAM fel- PAM raakh-/rekh- PAM ni- PAM di- PAM poR- PAM gi- PAM ash-/esh-
"to speak"
bole fel- bole raakh-/rekh- bole ni- bole di- X bole gi- bole ash-/esh-
"to eat/drink"
kheye fel- kheye raakh-/rekh- kheye ni- kheye di- X kheye gi- kheye ash-/esh-
"to do"
kore fel- kore raakh-/rekh- kore ni- kore di- X kore gi- kore ash-/esh-
"to take"
niye fel- niye raakh-/rekh- niye ni- X X X niye ash-/esh-
"to give"
diye fel- X X diye di- X X diye ash-/esh-
"to catch/hold"
dhore fel- dhore raakh-/rekh- X X X X X
"to be"
X X X X hoye poR- hoye gi- X
"to get up"
X X X X uThe poR- uThe gi- uThe ash-/esh-
"to come"
X X X X eshe poR- eshe gi- X
"to arrive/reach"
X X X X X pouchhe gi- X