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 Introduction to Aymaran Perou

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Geographic distribution of the Aymara language.

Aymaran or Aymara is a South American language.

Geographical distribution

There are roughly 1.6 million Bolivian speakers, 420,000 Peruvian speakers and 15,000 Chilean speakers.[1] At the time of the Spanish conquest, in the sixteenth century, Aymara was the dominant language over a much larger area than today, including most of highland Peru south of Cuzco. Over the centuries Aymara has gradually lost speakers both to Spanish and to Quechua; today, many Peruvian and Bolivian communities which were once Aymara-speaking speak Quechua.[2]


  1. Cerron-Palomino, 2000, pp 68-70.
  2. Xavier Albó, "Andean People in the Twentieth Century," in The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas. Vol. III: South America, ed. Frank Salomon and Stuart B. Schwartz (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 765-871.