WikiJournal User Group/Starting a journal
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This is a suggestion of in which order a journal may be created.
- Before starting the endeavor of creating a journal, check whether a journal in your field of interest already exists as a WikiJournal or Preliminary WikiJournal.
- A good way to start the creation of a journal would be to gather a group of people with the same ambition. Such people may be found at WikiProjects relating to the field of interest.
- Although there is no strict criterion regarding number of participants, a journal generally needs at least 3 active participants before being considered as a member of the WikiJournal group. An application can be made by an entry at Talk:WikiJournal User Group. The application should include a short description about the journal, as well as a mention on future goals and the expected time to achieve them. See the relevant bylaws section on inclusion in the WikiJournal User Group.
- A journal can start as a preliminary version, and start to publish articles while it develops. If intending to become a member of the WikiJournal group, the online title should include "Preliminary WikiJournal of...". The "Preliminary" can be removed after acceptance by the WikiJournal Council. The title should preferably reflect a subject with minimal overlap with existing WikiJournals and Preliminary WikiJournals.
- WikiJournal of Medicine provides a model for how a journal can be designed in a wiki. Its texts and templates can be copied into new pages, with titles replaced with that of the new journal. Main pages of interest are:
- To be considered as an official member of the WikiJournal group, a journal must fulfill the following criteria:
- No cost for authors to have their works published
- Peer review, with at least one peer review by a knowledgeable person for the subject at hand for each article before publication.
- Editability directly online, by anyone, but a new peer review is generally required to retain any significant change to the meaning of any text or media
- Transparency, with peer reviews and article discussions being open for everyone
- Open access for readers, without any cost
- Copy allowance, with freedom for anyone to copy and redistribute published material
- A major task in creating and maintaining a journal is to keep it easy for authors to get important subjects published, but at the same time having quality assurance by peer review in order to make the journal reputable. Reputation then attracts further authors, as well as peer reviewers.
- Eventually, a reputable journal should generally have an editorial board and peer reviewers who are independent of each other, as well as independent of the authors. However, during early experimentation, some overlap between the roles may be necessary, such as in trying out publication processes. Still, articles published during such circumstances may need to be withdrawn from the journal in the future if the minimal standards for article processing increases.
- A domain name of the journal title on the Internet provides a direct URL to the journal (such as www.WikiJMed.org for WikiJournal of Medicine). This facilitates all mentioning of the journal in external sources. Providers include godaddy.com where the cost for .org domains can be purchased for 8 USD per year, provided the service is limited to redirecting the URL to a page in Wikiversity.
- Acquiring an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) constitutes a basic certification as a journal. It is acquired from a national center, which can be found at issn.org. Wikimedia Foundation may be stated as the "publisher".
- Assigning Digital Object Identifier (DOI) codes to published articles. These are static links to each article, even if the page may be moved to another wiki location or URL. The structure of DOI codes in WikiJournal is 10.15347/wj_/2020.XXX, where _ should be the first letter of the journal scope, and XXX should be the chronologic order of the article in the year of publication, for example 10.15347/wjm/2017.001 for the first article published in WikiJournal of Medicine in 2017.
- One or more mailing lists can be created, for the editorial board and/or any participant. It can be created through lists.wikimedia.org. This will ensure that communications are archived on Wikimedia servers.
- Journals should aim to meet the inclusion requirements for relevant indexing services and apply to them for auditing when they are met.