Votian/Prolative

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Prolative [1][edit]

 

Singular

Plural

Prolative marker

-tsen -itsen


Pronunciation[edit]

Pronunciation of prolative morpheme varies according to vowel harmony -tsē̮, -tsē e.g. aлe̮tsē̮ (" (passing) below (something) " singular), ülitsē (" (passing) above (something) " plural)


Usage[edit]

Prolative has been preserved only in adverbs .

It may express

  • passing via certain location - e.g. mānaлatsē̮   (" (passing) underground " ), maitsē (" via dry land " plural), meritsē (" via the sea " ), peritsē (" via the back-side " ), ümperitsē ("around" )



Other Finnic dialects [2][edit]


References[edit]

  1. Ariste, Paul Vadja keele grammatika. Tartu, 1948. p. 42, 115
  2. Laanest, Arvo: Sissejuhatus läänemeresoome keeltesse, Tallinn 1975. p.111

See also[edit]

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