The necessities in Computer Organization

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See also <The necessities in Digital Design>
See also <The necessities in Computer Design>
See also <The necessities in Computer Architecture>

Introduction [edit]

Central Processing Unit (CPU)[edit]

  • Tiny CPU (pdf)
  • Pipeline (pdf)

Arithmetic logic unit (ALU)[edit]

Control Unit[edit]

Memory Interface[edit]

  • Memory Interface (pdf)

Memory [edit]

  • Memory (pdf)
  • Cache Memory Note (pdf)
  • Virtual Memory Note (pdf)
  • DRAM Memory Note (pdf)


See 512mbddrx4x8x16
See DDF18C64_128x72D
See dram cycle
See another DRAM cycles
  • Embedded DRAM vs SRAM
see Challenges in Embedded Memory Design and Test
see an eeherald article
see a Tensilica white paper


Digital Signal Processor (DSP)[edit]


Multiply-and-Accumulate (MAC) Unit[edit]

  • convolution
  • dot product
  • polynomial evaluation


  • FIR (Finite Impulse Response) Filters
  • FFT (Fast Fourier Transform)


  • Saturation Arithmetic
  • Fixed-point Arithmetic
  • Floating-point Arithmetic

Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)[edit]


VPU (Video Processing Unit)[edit]


DIF (Display Interface)[edit]


GCA (Graphics and Computer Array)[edit]


GMC (Graphics Memory Controller)[edit]


Network Processor [edit]


Parallel Processor [edit]


Multitasking[edit]


Multiprocessing[edit]



go to [ Electrical_&_Computer_Engineering_Studies ]