The Varanasi Heritage Dossier/Kedara Ghat and Kedareshvara temple
25º 17.985’ North and 83º 00.425’ East (Kedareshvara Temple).
Exact location on a map
Kedara Ghat (Kedareshvara temple: B 6 / 102) ==== Area ==== 0.50ha (the main sacred area)
Just as Kashi is the microcosm of the whole of India’s sacred geography, so is Kedara a microcosm of Kashi. The Kedara mythology refers to the “original” site of Manikarnika Ghat here. It calls Gauri Kunda on the ghat steps “Adi Manikarnika”, the “first” Manikarnika, and thus it is glorified as the greatest of Kashi’s bathing tirthas. Kedareshvara is one among the 12 Jyotira (“light manifested”) lingas of Shiva, and manifested in Varanasi as a microcosm. Says Lord Shiva: “It is known as the ‘field’ (Kedara) where the crop of liberation grows. Therefore, that place became famous as Kedara, both in Kashi and in the mountains” (Kashi Kedara Mahatmya, 29.28). Kedara Nath is the patron deity of the southern sacred segment of the city called Kedara Khanda. Kedara remains primarily a temple for the devoted residents of this area, and for pilgrims from Bengal or the South who stay in the pilgrim guesthouses of the area. The ghat was made pucca in 1958 by the Government of Uttar Pradesh. That Kedara is older than Visheshvara as is widely assumed is affirmed to some extent by the early Puranas, since Kedara is mentioned very early in the Puranic mythology and Visheshvara is mentioned quite late. Additionally, it is believed that Kedara survived the great destruction of Aurangzeb in the late 17th century, which further implies that the present temple of Kedara is actually older than the present temple of Vishvanatha.
=== Description and History ===: -- At the ghat one first meets the Gauri Kunda, a small water pool containing a wonderful image of Gauri (Parvati) in the eastern wall. Climbing up the steep steps, at the platform is a shrine of Tarakeshvara linga. Kedara is a river temple, sitting at the top of an impressive ghat high above the water’s edge on the long hill that is supported by the third prong of Shiva’s symbolic trident. The temple is a large building, rising from the banks to which a fine stone ghat descends to the bed of the river Ganga. It stands in the middle of a spacious court, at the four corners of which are four temples crowned with domes. The veranda running round the inner side of the enclosure contains several small shrines and numerous collections of idols. Pilgrims take a holy bath in the Ganga and carry brass pots of holy water while climbing up the broad and steep steps in order to offer it in worship to Kedareshvara. Entering Kedara Temple by either the street or river entrance, one comes into a dark interior court. Around the outer wall is a multitude of tiny shrines, most of them separately established Shiva lingas. In the centre of the court is the interior temple, within which are still more subsidiary shrines: those of Shiva’s goddess consort and his retainers. Finally one reaches the door of the inner sanctum, guarded by Shiva’s bull, Nandi. The linga of Kedara contained within this dark chamber is not an ordinary linga, but rather a lumpish outcropping of rock with a white line through it. According to tradition, this was not established by human hands, but is an unusual “self-manifest” linga.
Present state of conservation
No specific measures are adopted, except that the Kedareshvara Temple trust look after its maintenance.
Specific measures being taken for conserving the specific property
No specific measures are taken to conserve and preserve the temple and monastery, except to continue and maintain the daily religious activities by the ascetics living therein, and the appointed pujaris for ritualistic work and cleaning the temples.
The Kedareshvara Temple trust.