Social Victorians/People/Lady Violet Greville

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: British, family Scots; husband British, family Irish.
  • Born 13 February 1842, Sulby, Leicester
  • Christened 22 March 1842, Welford, Northampton, England[1]
  • Married to Algernon Fulke Greville, 2nd Baron Greville, 5 December 1863 at St. George Hanover Square (Lodge 323)
  • Died 29 February 1932

Residences[edit | edit source]

  • 2, Beauchamp-square, Leamington? (as of 17 March 1866,
  • 3 Hereford Gardens, Park Lane, W. (as of 1875: Thom 195)
  • 52 Great Cumberland Street, West (as of 1879: Kelly's 276)
  • 7, Chesterfield Gardens, W. (as of 1884: Debrett's 314)
  • The Glen, Sunninghill, Berkshire (as of 1884: Debrett's 314)
  • 8 Upper Belgrave Street, S.W. (as of 1893: Walford 260)
  • 39 Draycott Place, S.W., London (as of 1907 Who's Who 731)
  • Clonhugh, Mullingar; owned about 18,700 acres (as of Kelly's 1879: 276, 1907 Who's Who: 731, etc.)

Family[edit | edit source]

  • Caroline Agnes Horsley-Beresford Graham Stirling-Crawford Milner (1818 – 16 November 1894)
  • James Graham, 4th Duke of Montrose (16 July 1799 – 30 December 1874)
  1. Beatrice Violet Graham (13 February 1842 – 29 February 1932)
  2. Agnes Caroline Graham ( – 8 May 1873)
  3. James John Graham, Marquess of Graham (7 February 1845 – 31 Jan 1846)
  4. James Graham, Marquess of Graham (22 June 1847 – 3 April 1872)
  5. Douglas Beresford Malise Ronald Graham, 5th Duke of Montrose (7 November 1852 – 10 December 1925)
  6. Alma Imogen Leonora Charlotta Graham (7 September 1854 – 10 May 1932)
  • William Stuart Stirling-Crawford ( – 23 February 1883), her second husband
  • Marcus Henry Milner (16 April 1864 – 16 January 1939), her third husband (He was 22; she was 68 if she was 16 at her first marriage, in 1836, 70 if she was 18.)

  • Beatrice Violet Graham Greville (13 February 1842 – 29 February 1932) [her birth per "Greville, Baron, UK, 1869–1987"][2]
  • Algernon William Fulke Greville, 2nd Baron Greville (11 February 1841 – 2 December 1909)[3]
  1. Ronald Henry Fulke Greville (14 October 1864–1908), married in 1891 Margaret Helen Anderson, step-daughter or illegitimate daughter "of W. McEwan, late M.P. for Central Edinburgh" (Dods Parliamentary Companion, Vol. 73, 1905: 258)
  2. Camilla Dagmar Violet Greville (28 September 1866? – d. 7 July 1938), married Hon. Alistair George Hay-Drummond, son of the Earl of Kinnoullon 21 January 1890; they divorced in 1908
  3. Charles Beresford Fulke Greville, 3rd Baron Greville (3 March 1871–1952), married the widow of a New Yorker, Olive (a Mrs. Henry Kerr nee) Grace, on 24 November 1909. Her father was J. W. Grace, of New York (and Leybourne Grange, Kent?) (MacColl and Wallace 335).
  4. Veronique Lillian Violet Greville (d. 1956), married Cmdr. Herbert Victor Creer in 1907

According to Lady Colin Campbell, Algernon William Fulke Greville and Beatrice Violet Greville were "only collaterals of the vastly rich and very grand Earls of Warwick, owners of Shakespeare's fairest castle in the land, Warwick Castle, they were nevertheless fully-fledged aristocrats" from the perspective of the William McEwans and their daughter Margaret Helen Anderson, who married Ronald Greville (Campbell, Lady Colin, The Queen Mother, n.p.).

Relations[edit | edit source]

  • James Graham, 4th Duke of Montrose, father
  • Caroline Agnes Horsley-Beresford Graham Stirling-Crawford Milner, mother

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Acquaintances[edit | edit source]

  • Hon. Reginald C. Abbot
  • Major Alison
  • Earl Amherst and Lady Constance Amherst
  • Mr. and Lady Mildred Beresford-Hope
  • Lord and Lady Burghley
  • Richard Burton (wrote a letter to him; did they know each other?)
  • Earl of Coventry and Lady Blanche Craven
  • Earl Cowper
  • The Countess of Fife and Lady Anne Duff
  • Sir Ivor Guest, Bart. (9 May 1863, their names were associated in the press as possibly going to marry)
  • Mr. W. Hart-Dyke
  • Hon. Gilbert and Lady Evenlyn Heathcote
  • Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquis of Hartington (later the Duke of Devonshire)
  • Lord and Lady Holmesdale
  • the Countess of Jersey
  • Lord Henry Gordon Lennox
  • Mr. Lumley
  • Count Maffie
  • Colonel F. Marshall (Life Guards) and Mrs. Marshall
  • Colonel and Lady Agnes Murray
  • Alma Murray (wrote a letter to her; did they know each other?)
  • Mr. and Lady Dorothy Nevill
  • Viscount and Viscountess Newport
  • Mr. and Miss Oswald (of Auchincruive, N. B.)
  • Elizabeth Pennell, James Whistler's biographer
  • Viscount Powerscourt and Lady Julia Coke
  • Lord and Lady Proby
  • Lord Sandys
  • Mr. and Lady Charlotte Schreiber
  • the Duchess of St. Albans and Lady Diana Beauclerk
  • the Earl of Tyrone
  • Lady Caroline Villiers
  • James McNeill Whistler
  • Oscar Wilde

Friends[edit | edit source]

  • Earl Annesley
  • Colonel and the Hon. Mrs. Dudley Carleton
  • Lady Churchill
  • The Marquis of Conyngham
  • Viscount and Viscountess Cranbourne
  • Lady Margaret and Sir Donald Currie, from Aberfeldy; he was Liberal M.P. from Perthshire and then U. West Perthshire; he was a shipowner.
  • Mrs. Henrietta Gabrielle, of South Kensington and Hyde Park, married to Antonio Gabrielli, FRGS, engineer (
  • Mary Duchess of Hamilton, and her daughter?
  • Mrs. and Lady Evelyn Heathcote
  • Lord and Lady Alexander Gordon Lennox
  • Lord and Lady Londesborough
  • Louise Beatrice (de Fonblanque) Lowther, who had 2 daughters Wilde liked, and Francis William Lowther, illegitimate son of William Loather, 2nd Earl of Lonsdale
  • Mr. and Mrs. Petre
  • Leopold Rothschild: <quote>We stayed chiefly with Mr. Leopold Rothschild, the kindest of hosts.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 103).
  • Mr. and Lady Virginia Sandars
  • Mary Montgomerie Lamb Singleton, pseud. Violet Fane
  • "my great friend, the present Lady St. Helier," who gave her a volume of Swinburne (Greville Vignettes 139).

Enemies[edit | edit source]

Organizations[edit | edit source]

  • Lady Violet Greville's husband, Algernon Fulke Greville, 2nd Baron Greville, was in the Liberal party and served under Gladstone in his administration ("Baron Greville").
  • Literary Ladies, "dining club for women authors" (
  • The London Library (from 18xx?)
  • The Society of Authors (at least, in 1898 [1898-05-07 Publishers' Circular])

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1860 May 17, an Algernon F. Greville was initiated into the Carnarvon Lodge, Hampton Court, of the United Grand Lodge of England Freemasons; he may have first paid dues in 1863 and was "excluded for non payment 21 July 1874," having paid into 1866; he may also have been a member of the Westminster and Key Stone Lodge, beginning in 1863 and resigning in 1870 ( England, United Grand Lodge of England Freemason Membership Registers, 1751–1921 [database on-line]. Private, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2015).

1861, somebody on RootsChat found her in Stoke, Edith, Herefordshire (RG9/1827 Folio 132 Page 5, but 1827 is a typo, should be 1817?).

1863 May 9, Beatrice Violet Graham is said to be about to marry Sir Ivor Bertie Guest, Bart., of Dewlaps Court, Glamorganshire; in 1868 he married Lady Cornelia Churchill, daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough (possibly the first source is 1863-05-04 London Express: 2 (behind paywall:; 1863-05-09 London Illustrated Times: 7 (327) (behind paywall:; 1863-05-09 Bristol Mercury; another is Public Opinion 9 May 1863 [Vol. 3–4]: 531 Online

1863 December 12, Beatrice Violet Graham married Algernon William Fulke Greville at St. George's, Hanover-square, London; he signed it "A. W. FulkeGreville." (According to somebody on Rootschat, they may have spent their honeymoon at the house of her aunt Emily Graham Foley.)

1864 April–June appears to have been a very busy season for Violet Greville's, though she was already married; occasionally she attended without her husband and with her mother.

1864 April 26, Tuesday, Mr. and Lady Violet Greville attended the wedding breakfast of Viscount Powerscourt and Lady Julia Coke, eldest daughter of the Earl and Countess of Leicester at their residence in Upper Grosvenor-street (

1864 April 30, Saturday, Meyerbeer's Le Prophète opened at Coven Garden; Lady Violet Greville was there at least that week with the Duchess of Montrose; they are listed as "Amongst the fashionable company" (;;

1864 May 2, Tuesday, Lady Greville was presented ("on her marriage") by Lady Rosa Greville at the Queen's Drawing-room held by Alexandra, Princess of Wales, at St. James's Palace; the Prince of Wales was present as well (; The royal women were wearing black.

1864 May 20, Friday, Mr. and Lady Violet Greville are listed as having attended a ball at the French embassy: <quote>Last night his Excellency the Prince de la Tour d'Auvergne gave a grand ball at the French Embassy, at Albert-gate. It was brilliantly attended — at least 600 of the leading members of the fashionable world and all the principal Ambassadors and Ministers in London being present.

The vestibule and grand staircase, as well as the approaches to the ball room and adjacent saloons, were tastefully arranged with flowers and the choicest exotics. The ball-room and other apartments were brilliantly illuminated.

The company began to congregate shortly before eleven o'clock, and it was nearly one when the carriages discontinued to set down visitors.

Dancing commenced soon after eleven o'clock, and was kept up with spirit up to the hour that supper was announced, about one o'clock.</quote> ( No members of the royal family seem to have been present. The Grevilles are in the middle of Col. 5B; the word Greville is against the left side of the column, Violet on the right side above.

1864 May 28, Saturday, until 7 p.m., Lady Violet Greville attended a morning party hosted by Mrs. Disraeli at Grosvenor-gate; she was there with the Duchess of Montrose and Lady Rosa Greville (

1864 June 17, Friday, <quote>Mr. and Lady Virginia Sandars entertained at dinner last evening, at their residence in Eaton-square, the Marquis of Conyngham, the Marquis of Hargington, the Countess of Jersey, and Lady Caroline Villiers, Earl Annesley, Viscountand Viscountess Newport, Lord and Lady Proby, Hon. Gilbert and Lady Evenlyn Heathcote, Mr. and Lady Violet Greville, Mr. and Lady Dorothy Nevill and Lord Henry Gordon Lennox</quote> (

1864 September 20, Tuesday, Mr. and Lady Violet Greville were among 20 people at a grand dinner for Prince Humbert of Italy hosted by His Excellency the Marquis d'Azegio: <quote>In addition to the prince and his suite and the members of the Legation, the Marquis de Cadore (the French Chargé d'Affairs), the Duchess of Montrose, the Marchioness St. Germano, the Countess of Jersey, Mr. and Lady Violet Greville, Mr. Odo Russell, and Captain Lumley, were present.</quote> (; This event shows an editorial exchange system, as this story appears verbatim in several newspapers in a few days, including in Dublin. She was 8 months pregnant?, delivering on 14 October 1864.

1864 October 14, Violet Greville delivered a son, Ronald Henry Fulke Greville, at North Mymms Place ( Reported in a number of newspapers.

1864 December 1 (or so) through 16 (or so), Violet Greville and her husband spent "several weeks" as part of a "select party at Linton-park," country home of Lord and Lady Holmesdale: <quote>Amongst the company were the Duchess of St. Albans and Lady Diana Beauclerk, the Countess of Fife and Lady Anne Duff, the Earl of Tyrone, Count Maffie, Earl Amherst and Lady Constance Amherst, Mr. and Lady Violet Greville, Mr. and Miss Oswald (of Auchincruive, N. B.), Colonel F. Marshall (Life Guards) and Mrs. Marshall, Lord Sandys, Sir Ivor Guest, Bart., Major Alison, Mr. W. Hart-Dyke, Mr. Lumley, &c. On Thursday night last [15 December 1864] the noble lord gave a grand ball, to which all the élite of the neighbourhood were invited. ... Dancing commenced at ten o’clock to the strains of Coote and Tinney’s quadrille band. Supper was announced at one o'clock, immediately after which dancing was resumed. The company broke up about four o’clock.</quote> ( A number of other names are mentioned in the article as having attended the ball.

1865 January 17, <quote>Sir Edmund Filmer, Bart., says the Court Journal, has been entertaining the following distinguished party at East Sutton Park:— The Countess of Fife, Lady Anne Duff, Mr and Lady Violet Greville; Earls Cowper and Tyrone; Lady Agnes Murray, Lord Sandys, Sir Ivor Guest, &c.</quote> ( 1865 January 17, Tuesday, Lady Rosa Greville and Mr and Lady Violet Greville attended a ball at Panshanger, Earl Cowper's estate; about 1400 invitations were sent out, and "upwards of 600 ladies and gentlemen assembled" from the county; Violet Greville's name is among those who attended from the county, not one of those who had been staying at the estate before the ball ( Another, more complete report says 400 and that "Colonel and Lady Rosa Fulke Greville" and "Mr., [sic] and Lady Violet Greville" were there (; story repeated the next week A fox hunt occurred the next day, Lord Dacre's foxhound meet at Tewin; this story mentions only men at the hunt. No royals are mentioned in the story for the ball or hunt.

1865 January 25, Wednesday, 11:00 a.m., the Duchess of Montrose and Violet Greville are the first guests listed in a report in the London Evening Standard of the wedding of the Earl of Coventry and Lady Blanche Craven, a wedding covered by a number of newspapers ( 1865 February 27, Monday, <quote>Leamington Bachelors' Ball. — The bachelors' ball, one of the most fashionable of the season, took place at the Royal Assembly Rooms, Leamington, on Monday night. Upwards of 300 guests were invited. Amongst those present were the Duchess of Montrose, Lady Willoughby de Broke and the Hon. Miss Verney, Lord and Lady Conyers, a Count and Countess Wezele, Lady Violet Greville, Viscount Mountgarrett, the Hon. Colonel Scott, the Hon. Major and Mrs. Dormer, &c.</quote> (

1865 March 25, Saturday, the Leamington Spa Courier reported the following: <quote>Fashionable Intelligence. — The Marquis and Marchioness of Hastings have been the guests of Mr and Mrs Ferd. Granville, Clarendon Crescent, during the races. The following distinguished company have been entertained at dinner parties during their stay: — The Duchess of Montrose, Lady Violet Greville, Mr Greville, Lady Rossmore, Major Stockpile, Lord Somerville, Mr W. Wilkinson, Mr Fred. Wombwell, Colonel Baily, Captain Harrison, Major and Miss Granville, and Mr George Payne.</quote> (

1865 April 7, Friday, the Disraelis hosted a dinner party at Grosvenor-gate, after which Mrs. Disraeli hosted a reception: the Duke of Montrose and Lady Violet Greville attended (

1865 April 22, Saturday, Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle reported in the <quote>very handsome private stand erected for the ladies, the following being present to witness the sport: Lady Violet Greville, Lady Mary and Miss Wood, the Hon Mrs North, Mrs Richardson, Mrs Wilson and Miss Wilson, Mrs Paulton, Mrs Coleman, Mrs Ferguson, Mrs Ewart, Mrs Wombwell, Miss Farquhar, Miss Harford, Miss Seymour, Miss Langford, Miss Bulkeley, &c.</quote> (

1865 May 17, Wednesday, Colonel and Lady Violet Greville were among the "numerous and brilliant assembly" at Mrs. Charles Cavendish's ball at 17, Park-lane; Montagu Cory was also there (

1865 May 24, Wednesday, with a large crowd Lady Violet Greville was in attendance at a sports event for "the 1st Life Guards ... on the green at the Windsor Cavalry Barracks"; <quote>The band of the regiment was in attendance under the able direction of Mr. Waterson, and performed selections from the favourite operas, &c. The sports commenced at half-past 12 and continued to eight p.m.</quote> (

1865 May 27, Saturday, Lady Violet Greville attended a performance at Her Majesty's Theatre of Linda di Chamouni sung by Mdlle de Murska; the Duke and Duchess of Montrose were also present (;

1865 June 5, Monday, the Morning Post reported the following: <quote>Mr. and Lady Virginia Sandars received at dinner, on Monday, at their residence in Eaton-square, Lord and Lady Londesborough, the Marquis Conynghim, Lord Annesley, Lord and Lady Alexander Gordon Lennox, Mr. and Lady Violet Greville, Lady Churchill, Mrs. and Lady Evelyn Heathcote, Colonel and the Hon. Mrs. Dudley Carleton, and Mr. and Mrs. Petre.</quote> (; also the Globe

1865 June 13, Tuesday, Lady Violet Greville is the last name listed among those present at Her Majesty's Theatre for a performance; the Prince of Wales was there, as were a number of people in his retinue, the Duke of Montrose and a Mr. Greville, presumably Violet Greville's husband (

1865–1874, Algernon Fulke Greville entered the House of Commons as a Liberal for Westmeath (until 1874).

1865 August 16, Wednesday, the Morning Post reported that Captain Greville, M.P., and Lady Violet Greville left the Alexandra Hotel, Hyde-park-corner for "Dalnaspidal, Blair Athole" (

1865 August 31, Thursday, the Grevilles were invited to a déjeuner at "the residence of Lord and Lady Ernest Bruce, in St. George's -place, Hyde-park-corner" after the wedding of "the Earl of Listowel and Miss Ernestine Mary Brudenell-Bruce, daughter of Lord and Lady Ernest Bruce ... at St. George's Church, Hanover-square," but they did not attend: they, The Duke and Duchess of Montrose and the Marquis Graham as well as the Grevilles (as well as a few others) "were prevented attending by absence on the Continent or from town" (Morning Post; Irish Times; a number of other newspapers covered this story).

1865 December 21, Thursday, Viscountess and Viscount Holmesdale gave a <quote>brilliant ball to about 200 of the nobility and gentry of the county and the officers of the Royal Artillery stationed at Maidstone. The company began to arrive shortly after ten o'clock, and included amongst others ... Mr. and Lady Violet Greville .... The house and ball-room were brilliantly illuminated on the occasion, and when the company had assembled, had a charming effect. Dancing commenced shortly before eleven o'clock to a full orchestra, conducted by Mr. Coote, in person. ... Dancing was kept up until half-past twelve o'clock, when a magnificent supper was served in the dining-room, after which it was resumed; and it was after four o'clock before the company separated.</quote> (

1866 January 10, Wednesday, <quote>The annual ball given by the gentlemen of the Herefordshire Hunt, took place at the Shirehall on Wednesday, and passed off with an eclat equal to — if not surpassing that which has marked any of its predecessors. / The company present numbered upwards of 350 ... </quote> ( Lady Violet Greville is listed second among the ladies; people related to the Grevilles included Lord William Graham, who was a member, and Marquis Graham and Mr. A. de Fulke Greville.

1866 January 25, Thursday, the Dorset County Chronicle reported: <quote>Sir Ivor Guest, Bart., is entertaining a fashionable circle at Canford Manor, Dorset, including the Duchess of Cleveland, the Marquis and Marchioness of Bristol, the Marquis and Marchioness Townshend, Viscount and Viscountess Powerscourt, Colonel and Lady Violet Greville, the Misses Primrose, Lady and Misses Sandys, Hon. Capt. and Mrs. Eliot, Lord Eliot, Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Smith, Mr. John Arkwright, Mr. Layard, Mr. Clark, Mr. Dyke, Mr. and Lady Charlotte Schreiber, Capt. Stewart, Miss Guest, Miss Blanche Guest, Mr. Guest, Mr. Montague Guest, &c., &c.</quote> (; a number of local papers covered this event). Cranford Manor is near Wimborne, Dorset.

1866 24 March, Saturday, Mr. and Lady Violet Greville attended a reception: <quote>the Countess Frances Waldegrave gave her first assembly this season at her mansion in Carlton-gardens. A numerous and brilliant company responded to the invitations.</quote> ( There was a smaller dinner, and then <quote>Shortly after ten o'clock her ladyship's saloons were thrown open for the reception, and ... members of the corps diplomatic and foreigners of rank [were] present</quote>. The "general company" included the Grevilles. 1866 April 21, Saturday, the Morning Post reported that <quote>Viscount and Viscountess Cranbourne entertained Lord and Lady Burghley, Hon. Reginald C. Abbot, Mr. and Lady Violet Greville, Mr. and Lady Mildred Beresford-Hope, Mr. and Lady Charlotte Schreiber, &c., at dinner on Saturday evening, at their residence in Mansfield-Street, Cavendish-square. Later in the evening Viscountess Cranbourne received a small and early party.</quote> (

1866 April 24, Tuesday, the Morning Post reported that <quote>Lady Charlotte Schreiber gave her first dance this season at her ladyship's new residence in Langham-place. A handsome wuite of saloons were thrown open for dancing, Coote and Tinney's band being retained. About eleven o'clock the visitors began to arrive. Among the company were — </quote> (

1866, Algernon Fulke Greville was styled Algernon Fulke Greville-Nugent, named after his mother's family.

1866 September 28, Lady Violet Greville Nugent gave birth to a daughter, Camilla? ("Births." Dublin Evening Post 2 October 1866, Tuesday: 1, Col. 1A).

1869, the Greville Baronetcy was created.

1869 October 14, the Lady Violet Greville gave birth to a daughter at Beaufort (?) Gardens, London ("Births, Marriages, & Deaths." The Belfast News-Letter 18 October 1869, No. 5 536 — Year CXXXII: n.p. [1], Col. 1A).

1869–1873, Algernon Fulke Greville was appointed a Groom in Waiting to Queen Victoria (until 1873).

1871 April 2, census, no evidence of the Grevilles; if they were in Ireland, then the records were destroyed ( (Though, from Rootschat: "mistranscription of her name as Verlie": 14 Beaufort Gardens Kensington: Captain Grevill 30 yrs Retired Captain b London; Lady Violet Grevill 28 yrs Peeress b Northampton; Baby Grevill 4 months b London; plus servants (1871 RG10; Piece: 49; Folio: 56; Page: 34).

1872–1873, Algernon Fulke Greville served as William Ewart Gladstone's private secretary ("Baron Greville").

1872 April 3, James Graham, Marquess of Graham, Lady Violet Greville's brother, died.

1873–1874, Algernon Fulke Greville served as a Lord of the Treasury ("Baron Greville").

1873 May 8, Lady Violet Greville's sister, Agnes Caroline Graham, died.

1873 August 14, Algernon Fulke Greville is reported to be a new member of Gladstone's ministry as a subordinate officer: <quote>The Hon. Algernon William Fulke Greville, who becomes the new Irish Lord of the Treasure, is the eldest son of Lord Greville, and has sat as M.P. for the county of Westmeath since 1865. He was formerly Captain in the Life Guards, and is a Deputy Lieutenant for Westmeath. As he has hitherto held the post of a Groom in Waiting to the Queen no fresh election will be necessary in his case, though he is, strictly speaking, new to official work.</quote> (1873-08-30 Penny Illustrated).

1874, Algernon Fulke Greville unsuccessfully contested the Westmeath County M.P. seat (Debrett's 314).

1874 December 30, Lady Violet Greville's father, James Graham, 4th Duke of Montrose, died.

1875, the Greville-Nugents were listed in The Upper Ten Thousand (Thom 195).

1876, I think there was a divorce in the family; one of the woman's names was Cecil.

1876, Algernon William Fulke Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 3 Hereford gardens, St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster (85 print; 8 digital).

1876 January 22, Lady Violet Greville's mother, Caroline Agnes Horsley-Beresford Graham, and William Stuart Stirling-Crawford married.

1877, Algernon William Fulke Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 3 Hereford gardens, St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster (84 print; 8 digital).

1877, <quote>During the last half of the nineteenth century the Surrey and Berkshire district about Sunningdale abounded in social centers, forming the most agreeable and characteristic feature of the time. The present Lord and Lady Greville entertained political or literary friends at most weeks-ends. That was the period in which Matthew Arnold rurally recreated himself, after the labours of school inspection, at the summer home in the region which he loved with a life-long affection. Lady Violet Greville was the hostess beneath whose roof Arnold found social inspiration exactly needed to show him in his full charm. On one of these occasions he was sometimes tempted to indulge in the anecdotal vein that, as a / rule he despised and eschewed. Soon after the Balliol function connected with the completion of the new hall in 1877, he met, at Lady Violet Greville's, one who, like himself, had assisted at the opening ceremony, but who, with a courage which he dared not imitate, had found a sitting place on the altar steps in the crowded building, during Archbishop Tait's sermon. "I wished," said Arnold, "I could have done it myself, but as a clergyman's son I felt it would not be the right thing." Arnold's other personal experience had reference to his official tour for reporting on the French educational system. His traveling expenses had not been calculated upon too liberal a scale. As the old saying has it, "Il faut être anglais pour diner à café Riche; il faut être riche pour diner à café anglais." At one of these places Arnold deter- / mined to have a little banquet before he left Paris, "I had scarcely sat down to the good things," he said, "before I saw enter some one whom I at first took for Lord Granville" (then, as President of the Council, Arnold's official chief). "It turned out to be his brother, F. Leveson-Gower. When he came up to my table I showed him my little menu, with the remark that he would be able now to convince Lord Granville as to the insufficiency of the Government's allowance for my expenses."</quote> (Escott, Thomas Hay Sweet. Society in the Country House. London: T. F. Unwin, 1907: 396–397). Page 397 has the running head "Matthew Arnold's Little Dinner."

1877 March 12, Algernon Swinburne wrote (on March 13) to Lord Houghton that on his return from his father's funeral, he found a kind letter from Mrs. Greville (The Letters of Algernon Charles Swinburne [1837–1909]. Vol. 2. London: W. Heinemann, 1918: 9).

1877 September 12, <quote>' ... Mrs. Greville drove the "sage of Chelsea" to Grosvenor House to-day in a royal carriage!' her sister, Lady Probyn, having the use of one of these regal conveyances. 'I don't think,' Mrs Greville / wrote after this visit to Grosvenor House, 'Carlyle had the least idea he was reclining in a royal carriage. I am afraid he believed it to be my natural property.' ... We drove back together to Carlyl's house at Chelsea, where he showed us his portraits of Frederick the Greeat, also those of Martin Luther's parents. Of these he is very proud. Carlyle was full of cordiality and good-humous; his natural and inborn courtesy is marked, insisting, for instance, on escorting Mrs. Greville back to her carriage and seeing her drive from his house, standing his his good gray head uncovered in the street. It is impossible not to feel an attachment for him, combined with the veneration that almost have for that vast intellect. 'Until,' writes Mrs. Greville to me, still harping / on this visit, 'until you hear Carlyle groping and racing among the men and women of the first Revolution, you cannot imagine what manner of man he is.'</quote> (Lord Ronald Charles Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, My Reminiscences: 159–161). Probably not this Mrs. Greville.

1878, Algernon Fulke Greville unsuccessfully contested the Perthshire M.P. seat (Debrett's 314).

1878, Algernon William Fulke Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 3 Hereford gardens, St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster (82 print; 8 digital).

1878 February 8 and 13, Lord Ronald Charles Sutherland-Leveson-Gower wrote that he called on Thomas Carlyle with a Mrs. Greville, and on the 13th they called on Carlyle again and then Tennyson (My Reminiscences: 148–149).

1878 February 28, Algernon Fulke Greville's brother Reginald James Macartney Greville-Nugent died.

1879, the Greville-Nugents were listed in Kelly's Handbook to the Upper Ten Thousand for 1879 (Kelly 276).

1879 July 11, Algernon Swinburne wrote Lord Houghton this paragraph after the P.S. to which he signed his name: <quote> Will you remember me to Mrs. Greville when occasion offers, and say I hope she received the presentation copy I ordered Chatto to send her of m last poems on their appearance a year ago? [Poems and Ballads, Second Series [sic]]</quote> (The Letters of Algernon Charles Swinburne [1837–1909]. Vol. 2. London: W. Heinemann, 1918: 32).

1880, Algernon Fulke Greville unsuccessfully contested the Dorchester M.P. seat (Debrett's 314).

1880, Algernon William Fulke Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 3 Hereford gardens, St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster (97 print; 8 digital).

1881, Algernon William Fulke Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 3 Hereford gardens, St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster (99 print; 8 digital).

1881 April 3 census, the Grevilles are at Glenagle, Sunninghill, Berkshire with Camilla and Veronique and two visitors, Beatrice Ward (aged 20, born in London) and Albertine Eggi (aged 34, born in Zurich, Switzerland) (1881 Census RG11/1322/138/19). The servants listed are Elizabeth Brumt (F, 28, Domestic Servant, Northill, Bedfordshire), Henry Blake (M, 21, Footman, London, Middlesex), Margaret McSwan (F, 30, Housemaid, Edinburgh, Scotland), Clara Brewer (F, 17, London, kitchenmaid, Middlesex), Jane Rose (F, 24, Ladysmaid, Fareham, Hampshire), John Gugnett (M, 30, Coachman, Wiston, Sussex), and Jane Vale (F, 29, Housemaid, Bushey, Hertfordshire).

1881 December 31, Algernon William Fulke Greville was one of Vanity Fair's "Men of the Day. — No. CCLI." ("Men of the Day"). A "Spy" drawing of him, "Racing and Politics," is on the prior page.

1882 February 26, Sunday, James M. Whistler wrote Mary Montgomerie Singleton (Mary Montgomerie Lamb, pseud. Violet Fane) on 22 February 1882, asking her to bring Lady Violet Greville to his "little breakfast next Sunday" (Whistler).

1883, Algernon William Fulke Greville (Hon.) is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 3 Hereford gardens, St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster (113 print; 11 digital). 1883 January 17, Lady Violet Greville's mother-in-law and Algernon Fulke Greville's mother, Lady Rosa Emily Mary Anne Nugent, died.

1883 January 25, Algernon Fulke Greville succeeded to the barony upon the death of his father and resumed the name Greville for his surname. As Lord Greville, he sat in the House of Lords. <quote>The new Lord Greville is expected to be an addition to the debating power of the Government in the House of Lords. As the Hon. Algernon W. Fulke Greville, he sat for Westmeath from 1865 to 1874, and showed some promise as a politician; but being defeated at Westmeath in 1874 because he was not sufficiently a Home Ruler, and had taken the pay of the hated Saxon as Groom in Waiting and Lord of the Treasury, he was rejected by Perthshire in 1878 because he was too advanced on Irish matters, and Dochester would have nothing of him in 1880. His addition to the House of Lords will be all the more gratifying to Lord Granville [Greville?] because he is one of the few peers who do not suspect that Mr. Gladstone is the Evil One from which the Revised Version bids us pray to be delivered. His family motto, too, warns him from that view of property which makes its absolute possession independent of moral duty to use and not to abuse it. "Vix ea nostra voco" it runs. He has, too, and very clever and accomplished wife. Lady Greville, once known to the world as Lady Beatrice Violet Graham, is the authoress of several novels; above the average of the circulating library.</quote> (1883-01-29 Liverpool Mercury). [1883-01-29 Liverpool Mercury] "Our London Correspondence." Liverpool Mercury 29 January 1883, Monday: 5, Col. 6A ().

1885 October, Algernon Fulke Greville <quote>He is fond of racing in a quiet sort of way, but bets little. He generally has an hour or two with Humphreys, near Lambourne, and and he assisted his friend Major Stapylton in the formation of his breeding and racing stud. He passes the winter at Clonhugh, in West-meath; and the reception Lady Greville and himself met with on their return last month from Germany fully testified to his popularity / and the estimation in which they are both held. Indeed, Lord Greville has the good fortune to be on the best of terms with his tenants, and he thinks the Land Bill the best Bill every given to Ireland. That he takes care it is no dead letter, as far as he is concerned, goes without saying. Lord Greville married, in 1863, the Lady Violet Graham, daughter of the late Duke of Montrose, and has a young family.</quote> (Bailys Magazine of Sports and Pastimes, London, October, Vol. 43 (XLIII, No. 296: 63–64).

1886 May 9, Violet Greville wrote Alma Murray to congratulate her on her performance in The Cenci ().

1888 July 26, Lady Violet Greville's mother, Caroline Agnes Horsley-Beresford Graham, and Marcus Henry Miller married. According to the Diss, <quote>The duchess is the youngest daughter of the fourth Duke of Montrose, who died in 1874. Her grace's second husband was Mr. W. S. Stirling-Crawford, to whom she was married in 1876 and who died in 1883. The duchess is well known in racing circles as "Mr. Manton."</quote> (1888-08-03 Diss Express). Once married, she may have given the name up, at which point Violet Greville took it over?: <quote>It would seem, writes the London correspondent of the Birmingham Past [sic], that the Dowager Duchess of Montrose, now that she has again married, intends to discard the racing nom de guerre of "Mr Manton," by which she is so well known in turf circles, for I see by to-night's official Racing Calendar that all of those horses belonging to her Grace which have been entered for the autumn handicaps have been nominated in the name of her husband, Mr Henry Milner, who henceforward will figure as the owner of the "all scarlet" jacket which the Manton stable has made famous. Probably now that the Earl of Dudley has attained his majority another ring name, "Mr E. Warder," will disappear from the Calendar, and give place to the real appellation of the owner.</quote> (1888-08-11 Northern). Another article about the marriage and the reshuffled relationships is this one, "The Marriage of 'Mr. Manton" in the Northampton Mercury: <quote>May and December. Curious Compications. The marriage of "Mr. Manton," was, says the "World," the surprise as well as the sensation of last week. Although some wise people noticed a certain amount of youthful ardor in the attentions paid by Mr. Marcus Henry Milner to Caroline Duchess of Montrose at Mrs. Oppenheim's ball, nobody was prepared for the sudden dénoument; and if it were not for the accidental and unseen presence of a well-known musical amateur who had received permission to practice on the organ, the ceremony performed at half-past nine on Thursday morning at St. Andrew's, Fulham, by the Rev. Mr. Propert, would possibly have remained a secret for some time to come. Although the evergreen Duchess attains this year the limit of age prescribed by the Psalmist, the bridegroom was only born in 1864. Mr. "Harry" Milner (familiarly known in the City as "Millions") was one of the zealous assistants of that well-known firm of stockbrokers, Messrs. Bourke and Sandys, and Mr. Algernon Bourke, the head of the house (who, of course, takes a fatherly interest in the match) went down to Fulham to give away the Duchess. The ceremony was followed by a partie carrée luncheon at the Bristol, and the honeymoon began with a visit to the Jockey Club box at Sundown. Mr. Milner and the Duchess of Montrose have now gone to Newmarket. The marriage causes a curious reshuffling of the cards of affinity. Mr. Milner is now the stepfather of the Duke of Montrose, his senior by twelve years; he is also the father-in-law of Lord Greville, Mr. Murray of Polnaise, and Lord Breadalbane.</quote> (1888-08-04 Northampton).

1889, Lord Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 7 Chesterfield gardens, St. George, Hanover Square (77 print; 43 digital).

1890, Lord Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 7 Chesterfield gardens, St. George, Hanover Square (86 print; 91 digital).

1890, circa, Violet Greville's The Tangled Web had a matinee performance for a charity: <quote>Mr. Wyndham was present at the performance of ‘The Tangled Web,’ which I wrote, and which was played at a matinée for a charity, the male róles being taken chiefly by amateurs, though Miss Alma Murray and some other professionals were in the cast</quote> (1894-04-04 Sketch). Wyndham then suggested she write for theatre, and she began writing An Aristocratic Alliance.

1890 January 12, Camilla Dagmar Violet Greville and Alistair George Hay-Drummond married.

1890 January 21, the Grevilles' daughter Camilla Dagmar Violet Greville married Alistair George Hay.

1890 June 26, Greville's one-act play "Old Friends" was produced at the St. James's Theatre in London, preceding Your Wife (farce, adapted from the French by Justin McCarthy) on the program.

1890 December 6, According to a report in The Academy, <quote>Lady Violet Greville and Mr. W. Davenport Adams have been appointed acting editor of Life. Mr. W. Davenport Adams will, in addition, be responsible for the management of the paper.</quote> ([1890-12-06 Academy] "Notes and News"; The Athenaeum has exactly the same announcement, same date [1]).

1891 April 5 census, Violet Greville is listed as head of household, living in a house at 210 Gloucester Place in Marylebone with three servants: Jane Allen (F, 28, Ladies Maid, Northamptonshire), Andrie Climens (F, 30, Cook Domestic Servant, France), and Elizabeth Arrick (F, 23, Parlour Maid Domestic, Norfolk).

1891, Ronald Henry Fulke Greville and Margaret Helen Anderson married.

1891, Violet Greville's The Baby, a one-act play, was produced at Terry's Theatre.

1892, The Gentlewoman in Society was published by Henry and Co., the first in a series called The Victoria Library for Gentlewomen, which is advertised as being "under the patronage of H.M. the Queen, H.R.H. the Princess of Wales, H.R.H. Princess Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck, etc., etc."

1892 May 2, Monday, the London Evening News and Post has the following story about Violet Greville: <quote>Lady Violet Greville, the well-known authoress and journalist, is the sister-in-law of the Hon. Patrick Greville Nugent, being the wife of Lord Greville, his eldest brother. These Grevilles are really a branch of the House of Warwick, but the present peer's father having married the only daughter and heiress of George I. and only Marquis of Westmeath (who died in 1822) he assumed the surname of Nugent in addition to his own. The present Earl of Westmeath is a distant relation of the Marquis and inherited the title, but not the property. Lady Violet Greville is the sister of the present Duke of Montrose and the Marchioness of Breadalbane and is the daughter of the sporting Dowager Duchess who married Mr. Harry Milner as her third husband. Lady Violet Greville is tall and slim in build. She is a past-mistress in the art of dress, and affects green velvet and diamonds. She writes very rapidly, and has a great command of "language." During the last two years she has worked steadily and has done more than during the rest of her career. She will shortly settle down in the new house which she has taken in Montpelier-square. Her son, the Hon. Ronald Greville, is married to the stepdaughter of Mr. M'Ewan, M.P., and her daughter Camilla to the Hon. Alastair Hay, the son of the Earl of Kinnoull.</quote> (1892-05-02 Evening News and Post). [1892-05-02 Evening News and Post] Evening News and Post 2 May 1892, Monday: 2 [of 4], Col. 6A (behind paywall:

1893, Violet Greville listed in the London Electoral Register for 1893, Borough of Marleybone [sic], West Division, #6 Portman Square Ward, a "dwelling house" at 26 Gloucester-place ("England, London Electoral Registers, 1847-1913", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 15 April 2015), Beatrice Violet Greville, 1893.).

1893, Violet Greville is writing for the Graphic at least by now. <quote>Lady Violet claimed, when offered the Graphic job, that all her suggestions for subject-matter – art, literature, theatre, dress — were rejected on the grounds that they already had writers for those topics — and she should just write whatever she liked! She clearly did, earning the compliment from fellow journalist Mary [Frances] Billington, (who eventually ran the "women's department" at the Daily Telegraph) that as a writer she combined 'daring, brilliancy, and romance'. In particular she championed the cause of sports for women.</quote> (Onslow, Barbara. "The Ladies' Page." Victorian Page: The Web Magazine of Victoriana. Web. Accessed April 2017.

1893, an advertisement in American Gardening says Violet Greville is advertised to be published in The Whole Family, apparently an American periodical, Russell Publishing Company, Boston, Mass ().

1893 January 2, Lady Violet Greville's daughter Camilla Dagmar Violet Greville Hay-Drummond gave birth to Auriol Cammilla Sharlia Blanche Hay.

1893 February 3, The Sussex Express, Surrey Standard, Weald of Kent Mail, Hants and County Advertiser published the first story in a series of short stories written by "ten of the Leading Novelists of the Day"; Florence Marryat was first, then Adeline Sergeant; Lady Violet Greville was announced to be third, followed by Justine McCarthy, M.P., E. J. Goodman, Jean Middlemass, March Williams, Sydney Watson, Rosetta Grace Spearing, and Hope Stanford (1893-02-03 Sussex Express).

1894, Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1894, at a house at 38 Montpelier Square, City of Westminster.

1894 April 4, from a review in The Theatrical World of 1894: <quote>Why do Mr Wyndham and Lady Violet Greville lend colour to the accusations of MM. Sardou and Company, the former by omitting all mention of Le Gendre de M. Poirier on the playbill of An Aristocratic Alliance,* [Criterion, March 31–May 29.] the latter by bowing from a box in response to the call for the author? Of course one acquits them from the outset of any wish to deceive. The origin of the play has been paragraphed on every hand, and, in any case, the original is so widely known that they might as well produce a new rendering of Faust and hope to escape detection. By this objectless lack of courtesy they do a serious wrong to the English stage, and especially to our original dramatists. It is the prevalence of such practices in the past, and (as we see) their occasional survival in the present, that makes it so difficult to disabuse even rational Frenchmen of the idea that the English stage lives entirely upon pilfering from Paris. Mr PInero, of / course, is not responsible for the proceedings of Lady Violet Greville; but from the Parisian point of view the distinction between them is immaterial; what one English playwright does (at a respectable theatre) another is capable of doing; therefore the boulevard journalist has no difficulty in believing, without the smallest evidence, that The Profligate is adapted from Denise, and The Second Mrs Tanqueray from Le Mariage d'Olympe. The whole production marks a return to the bad methods of the bad days. There is something sublime in the audacity of foisting a set of unspeakably feeble love-scenes upon a classic like Le Gendre de M. Poirier. Poor Miss Annie Hughes! What a part to assign to an artist of such talent! And Miss Emily Fowler comes but little better off. Where Lady Violet Greville condescends to fall back upon Augier, some of the interest of the original survives, though English names, costumes, and allusions sit very uneasily upon the essentially French characters, and the necessary elimination of the duel leaves the last act utterly savories. It was not Mr Charles Groves's fault that Mr Firkin Potter was to Monsieur Poerier as a crab-apple to a jargonelle. The ineffable bourgeois so inimitably incarnated by Got, and so cleverly acted by Coquelin, would of course have been quite out of place in a quasi-English play. Mr Wyndham was good in the lighter passages of the Anglicised Gaston de Presles; Miss Mary Moore / made an ingenuous Antoinette; and Mr De Lange contributed a most amusing sketch of the outraged Vatel.</quote> (Archer, William. "XIII. 'Once upon a Time,' — 'The Land of Heart's Desire,' — 'A Comedy of Sighs.' — 'An Aristocratic Alliance.' The Theatrical World of 1894 4 April 1894: 94–96).

1894 April 4, a biographical interview prior to the opening of An Aristocratic Alliance at the Criterion Theatre with Lady Violet Greville appeared in The Sketch (1894-04-04 Sketch). In it she says she is on her way to the continent after spending a few days in London, <quote>for I am off to the Continent for a real holiday after the excitement and anxiety attendant on the production of my play</quote>; the interview took place <quote>a few days previous to the production of “An Aristocratic Alliance” at the Criterion Theatre</quote>.

1894 October 20, Saturday, in an article entitled "'Mr. Manton' Ill," the Warminster and Westbury Journal reported that Violet Greville's mother was ill: <quote>The illness of the Dowager Duchess of Montrose is causing her family much anxiety. "The Duchess" is in her 77th year, and has been married three times. Her first husband was the fourth Duke of Montrose. The year following his death she married Mr. Stirling-Craufurd [sic], of Milton. He died in 1883, and five years later she married Mr. Henry Milner, of the Old Bank, Leeds, and brother of Lady Gerard and the Countess of Durham. The Duchess is well known as an owner of racehorses, and races under the name of Mr. Manton. She is generally to be seen in the Paddock, and at Ascot this year took up her seat in the members' stand each day. At one time she owned the Villa Thorenc at Cannes, and it was there she last entertained the Prince of Wales. She sold the villa a few years back, and Mr. Gladstone occupied it a winter or so ago.</quote> (1894-10-20 Warminster).

1894 November 16, Friday, Lady Violet Greville's mother, Caroline Agnes Horsley-Beresford Graham Stirling-Crawford Milner, died. <quote>The deceased expired at her London residence in Belgrave-square, where she had been lying ill for several weeks. Although her illness had caused much anxiety to her family, her immediate death was not expected, and on Sunday a slight improvement being noticcd, the present Duke and Duchess left for Scotland, where they now are. Up to midnight no change appeared, but shortly afterwards her breathing became laboured, and she passed away quietly from sudden failure the heart, in the presence of her two daughters, Baroness Greville and the Marchioness of Breadalbane.</quote> (1894-11-16 Hull Daily Mail).

1895, Violet Greville listed in the London Electoral Register for 1895, a house at 38 Montpelier Square, City of Westminster ("England, London Electoral Registers, 1847-1913", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 15 April 2015), Beatrice Violet Greville, 1895.).

1895 August, Violet Greville is mentioned in a paragraph about "ladies of rank" who are professional journalists: <quote>Lady Greville contributes columns to several journals</quote> (1895-08 Australian Journal: 694).

1896, Violet Greville listed in the London Electoral Register for 1896, City of Westminster, St. Margaret, Ward No. 1, Knightsbridge, Division 3, at a house at 38 Montpelier Square ("England, London Electoral Registers, 1847-1913", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 18 May 2015), Beatrice Violet Greville, 1896.).

1896 June 2, Wildrid Scawen Blunt wrote: <quote>To lunch with Judith at Margot's; a great treat. Margot was delightful and most amusing. We found her with Lady Greville, who had come to interview her, on the subject of women cross country riders, for some magazine. Margot was splendid in her description of the various types of riding, and of the falls and smashes she had had and witnessed. 'There are only three women,' she said, 'who really have the nerve to ride a line of their own, and I am one of them.' Her baby of last year has in no way spoilt her nerve, and she had seventy days' hunting during the past winter. Two of her step-children were with her at / luncheon, and the governess, which gave her a somewhat matronly appearance, but she is otherwise unchanged from the days of her hoyden maidenhood — affectionate, and nice, and cleverer than anyone else, with a pretty colour in her cheeks, but very thin. 'I have lost two stone,' she said, 'since you were with me at the Glen. I only weigh 7 stone 6, but I like to ride big horses. The best I ever had was 16.2.'</quote> (Glunt, Wildrid Scawne, My Diaries: Being a Personal Narrative of Events, Part 1, 1888–1914. London: M. Secker, 1919: 283–284).

1896 November 11, Wednesday, <quote>Captain the Hon. Ronald Henry Fulke Greville, of 11, Charles-street, Berkeley-square, who thus succeeds to the seat rendered vacant by the death of Mr. Byron Reed on the 5th of last month, is the elder son and heir of Algernon, second Baron gravel .... He was born on October 4th, 1864, so that he has but jut completed his 32nd year, was educated at Rugby, and, after serving for a time as a Lieutenant in the 3rd Battalion (Militia0 of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, received his commission in the 1st Life Guards in July, 1886. He became Captain in July, 1892, and resigned his commission in the course of the present year. Captain Greville, who is a Magistrate for Co. Westmeath, where his father possesses large estates, married, in 1891, Margaret Helen Anderson, stepdaughter of Mr. William M'Ewan, M.P. for Central Edinburgh. He is a member of many clubs, sporting and otherwise. At the last General Election he unsuccessfully contested the Barnsley Division of Yorkshire against Earl Compton.</quote> (1896-11-11 Echo). [1896-11-11 Echo] "The New Member." The Echo 11 November 1896, Wednesday: 2 [of 4], Col. 7B (behind paywall:

1897, Violet Greville listed in the London Electoral Register for 1897, City of Westminster, St. Margaret, Ward No. 1, Knightsbridge, Division 3, at a house at 38 Montpelier Square ("England, London Electoral Registers, 1847-1913", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 15 April 2015), Beatrice Violet Greville, 1897.). "Grevillel, Lady" is listed in the 1897 Webster's Royal Red Book as living at 38 Montpelier-square, S.W." and "Greville, Lady Violet" at 12 Wellington-court, Albert-gate, S.W. (517, Col. 2A).

1897, Violet Greville joined the London Library (according to their website,

1897, Lord Greville is listed in the 1897 Webster's Royal Red Book as living at 8 Upper Belgrave-st. W. — Clonhugh, Mullingar (Greville) (517, Col. 1C).

1898, Lord Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 8 Upper Belgrave street, St. George, Hanover Square (158 print; 163 digital).

1899–1900, Lord Greville's listing in the Phone Book for 1899–1900 is this: <quote>Westminster 168 Greville Lord 8, Upper Belgrave st., S.W.</quote> (British Phone books, 1880–1984, Metropolitan/Scotland/Northern/North-Western/Midland/Southern/Western/Ireland 132 print; 162 digital).

1900, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1900, Borough of Kensington, South division, #8 Brompton Polling District, at a house at 18 Egerton Terrace ("England, London Electoral Registers, 1847-1913", database with images, FamilySearch ( 15 April 2015), Violet Greville, 1900.).

1901, Lord Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 8 Upper Belgrave street, St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster (158 print; 163 digital).

1901 March 31, census, Fulke Greville is living in St. George Hanover Square, London, Upper Belgrave Street. Violet Greville is not listed, but Veronique Greville is (F, 31, London), as well as the following servants: Samuel J. Haines (M, 27, Butler Domestic, Worcestershire), Marianne F. Schuder (F, 28, Cook Domestic, France), Annie Patrick (F, 27, Ladysmaid Domestic, London), John Maxwell (M, 24, Footman Domestic, Ireland), Marie Petitpas (F, 24, Kitchenmaid Domestic, France), Annie Flinthan (F, 27, H Housemaid Domestic, London), and Sophia Pugh (F, 16, U Housemaid Domestic, Chelsea).

1902, Lord Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a dwelling house at 8 Upper Belgrave street, St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster (227 print; 247 digital). in the 1902 Post Office Directory for London, he is listed like this: <quote>Greville Lord, D.L., J.P. 8 Upper Belgrave st SW; Brooks's club SW; Kildare street club, Dublin; & Clonhugh, Mullingar</quote> ("Court Directory, 1902." 1902 Post Office Directory: 2771).

1902, Westminster Abbey, Violet Greville's mother, Violet Graham, Duchess of Montrose, was one of four canopy-bearers for the anointing of Queen Alexandra; she was at the rear, on the right. There is a painting.

1903, Lord Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a dwelling house at 8 Upper Belgrave street, St. George, Hanover Square, Westminster (228 print; 248 digital).

1903 November 4, Wednesday, or thereabouts, Lady Violet Greville read "A Trivial Talk About Women" <quote>at an At Home given by Mrs. Smart and Miss Clarkson at the New Victorian Club, London</quote> (1903-11-05 Bath Chronicle).

1905, Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1905, Borough of Kensington, South division, #8 Brompton Polling District, a house at 4 Neville terrace ("England, London Electoral Registers, 1847-1913", database with images, FamilySearch ( 15 April 2015), Violet Greville, 1905.).

1905 October 28, the week ending, <quote>Lady Greville has been staying in Scotland. She was Lady Violet Graham, is the sister of the Duke of Montrose and of Lady Breadalbane, and married Lord Greville in the far off sixties. Lady Greville is tall and slender, not beautiful, but with the potent charms of a musical voice and a gay, graceful manner. She has made for herself a name in literature and journalism, has written novels, and for many years has contributed a weekly letter to an illustrated contemporary. Her articles are signed "Lady Violet Greville," the name by which she was known before her husband succeeded to his barony. Lady Greville is, or was, a great bicyclist, and, like Susan Lady Malmesbury — another literary peeress — used to ride her machine through the streets of London. She and her only sister, Lady Breadalbane, are never happier than when in each other's company and Lady Greville spends some time every autumn at Black Mount or at Taymouth Castle. In the spring Lady Greville usually goes to the Riviera, where she puts in a few weeks at Nice or Mentone. Her unmarried son, Captain Charles Greville, seems to be often his mother's companion.</quote> (1905-10-28 London Mainly About People).

1906, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1906, Borough of Kensington, South division, #8 Brompton Polling District, a house at 4 Neville terrace ("England, London Electoral Registers, 1847-1913", database with images, FamilySearch ( 15 April 2015), Violet Greville, 1906.).

1906, Algernon William Fulke (Lord) Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 39 Draycott place, Borough of Chelsea, Kensington and Chelsea (533 print; 570 digital).

1907, Algernon William Fulke (Lord) Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 39 Draycott place, Borough of Chelsea, Kensington and Chelsea (564 print; 542 digital). Lady Greville is listed in the London Phone Book like this: <quote>Western .. 3813 [Greville] Lady Violet .. 11 Alfred pl</quote> (1907 London Surnames: 225 print; 239 digital).

1908, the Grevilles' son Ronald Henry Fluke Greville died; the Grevilles' daughter Camilla Dagmar Violet Greville and Alistair George Hay were divorced.

1908, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Metropolitan phonebook for 1908 like this: <quote>Western .. 3813 [Greville] Lady Violet .. 11 Alfred pl</quote> (251 print; 301 digital). "Lord Greville," who had to be Algernon Fulke Greville still, is listed like this: <quote>Kensington .. 3293 [Greville] Lord .. 39 Draycott pl S.W.</quote> (251 print; 301 digital).

1908, Algernon William Fulke (Lord) Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 39 Draycott place, Borough of Chelsea, Kensington and Chelsea (563 print; 569 digital). He is listed in the Metropolitan directory of British Phone Books for 1908 like this: <quote>Kensington 3293 [Greville] Lord 39 Draycott pl S.W.</quote>; Lady Violet Greville is listed like this: <quote>Western 3813 [Greville] Lady Violet 11 Alfred pl</quote> (Metropolitan, British Phone Books, 1908: 251 print; 310 digital).

1909, Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1909, Borough of Kensington, South division, #8 Brompton Polling District, a house at 11 Alfred Place ("England, London Electoral Registers, 1847-1913," database with images, FamilySearch ( 14 May 2014), Borough of Kensington, South division > image 541 of 617; London Metropolitan Archives, London.). She is listed in the Metropolitan/Midland/Southern/Western Phone Book like this: <quote>Western 3813 [Greville] Lady Violet .. 11 Alfred pl</quote> (259 print; 302 digital).

1909, Algernon William Fulke (Lord) Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register as living in a house at 39 Draycott place, Borough of Chelsea, Kensington and Chelsea (522 print; 533 digital).

1909 December 2, Algernon Fulke Greville died. HIs surviving son, Charles Beresford Fulke Greville was the primary beneficiary/executor. Greville died in Middlesex county. Charles Beresford Greville had recently married an American, Mrs. Kerr, according to the New York Times (). Also according to his obituary in the Times, Algernon Fulke Greville "was one of the largest land owners in England, his holdings aggregating 20,000 acres."

1910, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1910, Borough of Kensington, South division, #8 Brompton Polling District, a house at 11 Alfred Place ("England, London Electoral Registers, 1847-1913", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 15 April 2015), Beatrice Violet Greville, 1910.).

1910 January 21, Algernon Fulke Greville's will went to probate: <quote>Greville the right honourable baron Algernon William Fulke of 39 Draycott-place Middlesex and of Clonhugh Multi-farnham in the county of Westmeath in Ireland died 2 December 1909 at 9 Mandeville-place Middlesex Probate London 21 January to the right honourable Charles Beresford Fulke baron Greville. Effects £21004 7s. 1d.</quote> (

1911 April 2, Sunday, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the 1911 census as living in Kensington at the South Kensington Hotel, likely at Queen's Gate Terrace, S.W. ("England and Wales Census, 1911," database, FamilySearch ( 20 January 2015), Lady Violet Graville, Kensington, London S W, London, England; from "1911 England and Wales census," database and images, findmypast ( n.d.); citing PRO RG 14, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.).

1913, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Surnames A–Z phonebook for 1913 like this: <quote>Western .. 7008 Greville Lady Violet .. 12 Onslow sq</quote> (338 print; 348 digital).

1914, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Surnames A–Z phonebook for 1914 like this: <quote>Western .. 7008 Greville Violet, Lady .. 6 The Grove The Boltons S.W.</quote> (569 print; 358 digital). Tom's Official Directory of Great Britain and Ireland 1914 doesn't have a residence address for her (461).

1915, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1915, Borough of Kensington, South division, Division 3, Redcliffe Polling District, Redcliffe Ward, in a "successive" house at 12 Onslow square, 6 The Grove, Boltons, S.W. ().

1918, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1918, at a house at 38 Elm Park Gardens, in the Borough of Chelsea (). Qualified by Occupation qualification to vote in both Parliamentary and Local Government elections.

1919, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1919, at a house at 38 Elm Park Gardens, in the Borough of Chelsea (). Qualified by Occupation qualification to vote in both Parliamentary and Local Government elections.

1920, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1920, at a house at 38 Elm Park Gardens, in the Borough of Chelsea (). Qualified by Occupation qualification to vote in both Parliamentary and Local Government elections.

1922, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1922, at a house at 38 Elm Park Gardens, in the Borough of Chelsea (). Qualified by Occupation qualification to vote in both Parliamentary and Local Government elections. Her phone book listing is this: <quote>Kensington 3042 Greville Lady Violet .. 38 Elm Park gdns S.W.10</quote> (1922 London Surnames: 355 print; 369 digital).

1923, Lady Greville does not have a residence listed in Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 1923 (662).

1925, Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Electoral Register for 1925, at a residence at 20 Pelham Crescent, in Kensington, Brompton Ward (). Qualified by Occupation qualification to vote in both Parliamentary and Local Government elections. Lady Violet Greville is listed in the London Surnames A–Z phonebook for 1914 like this: <quote>Kensington .. 8168 Greville Lady Violet .. 20 Pelham cres S.W.7</quote> (569 print; 358 digital).

1928, a Beatrice Greville is listed as living at 70 & 72 Lewisham Road, Greenwich (Electoral Register, 1928: p. 66 as printed; 110 digital). She appears to be eligible to vote in Parliamentary and Local Government elections by this qualification: "Occupation qualification," which I assume means she occupied the premises.

1932, a Beatrice Greville is listed as living at 2 Swan Court (as is a Helen Katharine Thoburn) (Electoral Register, Kensington and Chelsea, 1932: 395 printed; 213 digital). she appears to be eligible to vote in Parliamentary elections by the "Rw" qualification but not in and Local Government elections. Katharine Thoburn is eligible by the Rw qualification to vote in Parliamentary elections and by the "Ow" qualification for Local Government elections. "Rw" is Residence qualification for women; "Ow" is Occupation qualification for women.

1932 February 29, Lady Beatrice Violet Greville <quote>of Edgecumbe Portsmouth-avenue Thames Ditton Surrey widow died 29 February

1932 at the Imperial Hotel East Cliff Bournemouth Probate London 9 April to Charles Beresford Fulke baron Greville. Effects £1635 11s. 8d.</quote> (

1932 March 4, two Edinburgh newspapers, the Edinburgh Evening News and The Scotsman, printed almost the same report of Violet Greville's death: <quote>The death occurred at Bournemouth this week of the Dowager Lady Greville, a daughter of the House of Montrose. She was in her 90th year.

For many years she was well known as a writer under the name of Lady Violet Greville. She was an aunt of the present Duke, and her only surviving sister is the Marchioness of Breadalbane. Her husband, before succeeding his father, had been private secretary to Mr Gladstone, and a Lord of the Treasury. Her eldest son, who predeceased his father, married the only daughter of the late Rt. Hon. William M'Ewan, M.P. for Central Edinburgh. She is the well-known Hon. Mrs. Ronald Greville, D.B.E.</quote> (1932-03-04 Edinburgh Evening News). <quote>A gifted daughter of the House of Montrose has passed away, by the death, in her 90th year, at Bournemouth, on 1st March, of the Dowager Lady Greville. For many years she was well known as a writer under the name of Lady Violet Greville. She was an aunt of the present Duke, and her only surviving sister is the Marchioness of Breadalbane. Her husband, before succeeding his father, had been private secretary to Mr Gladstone, and a Lord of the Treasury. Her eldest son, who predeceased his father, married the only daughter of the late Rt. Hon. William M'Ewan, M.P. for Central Edinburgh. She is the well-known Hon. Mrs. Ronald Greville, D.B.E.</quote> (1932-03-04 Scotsman).

1932 April 9, Lady Violet Greville's probate heard in London, effects to her surviving son Charles Beresford Fulke baron Greville.

1897 July 2, Lady Violet Greville does not appear to have attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, though her mother, son Ronald Greville and daughter-in-law Margaret did. She wrote about it in The Graphic.

Undated Events[edit | edit source]

  • <quote>But the adulation which he [Tennyson] received among his family and friends, was somewhat satiating. I have seen Mrs Greville, a woman herself of the most brilliant talents, actually prostrate herself on the floor before him, just as I have seen ladies of rank and talent literally sitting at the feet of Sir Henry Irving. Tennyson would have been more than human if he had resisted the effect of this hero-worship.</quote> (Stewart, Charles. Haud Immemor: Reminiscences of Legal and Social Life in Edinburgh and London. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood, 1901.)
  • <quote>In her old age, Mrs. [Duncan] Stewart's strong interest in the stage was never diminished, and those connected with it were always amongst her most cherished visitors, especially Lady Martin, whom, as Helen Faucet, she regarded as "the last representative of the studied phase of acting;" Mrs. Crowe and her sister Miss Isabel Bateman; Mr. Irving; Mr. and Mrs. Kendal; and, amongst amateurs, the not less gifted Mrs. Greville.</quote> (Hare, Augustus J. C. Biographical Sketches Being Memorials of Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, Henry Alford, Mrs. Duncan Stewart, Etc.). London: G. Allen; New York: Dodd, Mead, 1895).
  • <quote>Sight reading stood me in good stead. One night when at a friend's house I met Hollmann at dinner. He had brought his 'cello, which he always called his wife, with him, but there was no accompanist. What was to be done? I timidly offered my services, and was pleased to earn a few appreciative words from the artist. I think if one cannot be a virtuoso on the piano it is delightful to aim at accompanying others either in song or violin or 'cello playing. Nothing makes a person so useful in a country house, but now, of course, the gramophone and the piano-player have ended the efforts of amateurs.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 29).
  • <quote>In later years I fished with a fly / for salmon in the rushing Highland waters, a much more strenuous task, with the Comte de Paris, then on a visit to my sister, the Marchioness of Breadalbane, a noted deer-stalker and fisherwoman, at the Black Mount, her Highland residence. When the Comte hooked and finally landed his salmon, he was as delighted as a child, and at once sent it off to his wife. The Duc d'Aumale was also of the party, but as far as I remember did not fish. He had a curious habit at breakfast of piling marmalade on his slice of bread and butter, and then dipping it into his tea. He said it tasted excellent, and I suppose he knew, as the French are great gourmets. Personally, I thought it rather nasty, but there is to accounting for tastes.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 33–34).
  • <quote>Soon after my marriage I went to stay at Curraghmore, the beautiful home of Lord Waterford. My mother was a Beresford, with all the Irish wit and beauty, and I looked forward much to meeting the four brothers celebrated for their cleverness and their power of repartee. Dinner here became a fusillade of bon mots and careless levity, not always very refined but always amusing. Their mother sometimes tried to subdue their exuberant jollity, but what could one woman do with four Irish boys radiant with spirits and fun? As for me, I laughed till my sides ached, real, genuine, common laughter such as one rarely hears now, when nobody appears amused and people only laugh, as the French have it, "du bout des lèvres." They thoroughly understood the Irish character, could bandy words with the most irate of horse dealers and strike a good bargain with the meanest of them. Their high spirits were unfailing, and the four brothers chaffed each other and everybody else unmercifully. They were very handsome, too: Charlie, the keen sailor; William, commonly called Bill, later the perfect courtier and organizer at the Viceregal Court at Calcutta, a fine rider without fear; Marcus, the authority on racing and brimful of sporting stores; and Lord Waterford, our delightful host.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 85).
  • <quote>Lord Waterford in later years married a very charming lady, daughter of the Duke of Beaufort, and a keen sportswoman., She was most kind and charitable, and helped us with her presence and her gifts to the little East End Mothers' Home, at a time when we were in sore money difficulties at the beginning of our enterprise. [new paragraph] The last occasion on which I saw Lord Waterford was an extremely sad one. Hearing that Lady Waterford was very ill I went down to enquire after her. When I arrived at her house in Charles Street, St. James's Square, there, in a bath chair outside the door, sat Lord Waterford. He had injured himself in the hunting field and was unable to walk. He looked terribly depressed, and when I spoke to him sympathetically and asked after his wife, the tears poured down his pale cheeks. Lady Waterford recovered and lived for several years after her husband's death, but I never forgot that last meeting, / the pathetic nature of the strong, cheery, happy man, radiating goodnatured, kind-heartedness and gaiety of spirit, struck down so sadly and hopelessly in the full vigor of manhood, weeping sad tears for his wife's illness.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 86–87).
  • <quote>In later years we hunted from London. Going down by an 8 a.m. train in the morning to Leighton Buzzard, where we breakfasted, and then rode to the meet of Baron Rothschild's staghounds. A goodly company were there — only two ladies, Lady Brassey and myself, but many interesting men. Lord / Clarendon, and Trollope, the novelist, a heavy man and hard rider, whose language in male society was, I believe, so lurid that I was not admitted to breakfast with him. By the way, he once nearly knocked me over as we charged at a bullfinch. Had he done so, there would not have been much left of me, but by the quickness of my Irish mare — for whom, incidentally, Miss Rothschild made me a big offer — an accident was averted. Others of the company were Greville Sartoris, son of the beautiful Mrs. Sartoris, renowned for her singing; and last, but not least, Whyte-Melville, the novelist, a most delightful and amiable companion with whom I generally rode home leisurely. He was a charming, cultured, beautifully-got-up person, always urbane and agreeable, and a through sportsman. Does anyone read his novels now, I wonder? They are full of life and go, historical lore and vivid imagery. A man could not do better than take with him on holiday Holmby House or Kate Coventry.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 99–100).
  • <quote>I once gave a beauty dinner to Lord Wolseley. About twenty we were, all the women pretty and the men distinguished. Lord Wolseley was delighted. I do not think there is as much classic beauty to be seen now as there was at that time; the Duchess of Devonshire, then in her zenith as Duchess of Manchester, her fine neck hung with magnificent pearls; the Duchess of Leinster, glorious in figure and face; Mrs. Langtry, the ideal of classical beauty; Lady Dudley, tall and stately; Lady Londonderry; Lady Ormonde, a lovely creature; Mrs. Singleton, afterwards Lady Currie, with her soft, fawn-like eyes / and appealing voice, "low and sweet, a very excellent thing in woman" — what a galaxy was there, all taking the town by storm at the same moment, and many others not so famous. To see one of these beauties ascending the marble stairs at Devonshire House, always a trying performance, was a treat for the gods.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 112–113).

Not Really Events But About the People[edit | edit source]

  • <quote>Lady Greville, a daughter of the Duchess of Montrose, writes on sports under the pseudonym of Mr. Manton, and is really a hard-working journalist. The "Lady Violet Greville" column which appears in one of the weeklies is genuine.</quote> (1898-12-31 Wave).
  • <quote>At Easter or Whitsuntide we usually paid visits to two old aunts, Lady Powis and Lady Emily Foley. Both were rich, both lived in beautiful houses, and were almost the last survivors of the old regime. They were such picturesque old ladies, they always wore silk, dainty caps with ribbons to match their dresses, and little lace-edged aprons. They were both widows, but Lady Powis had several children, and lived with her son. Her complexion was as delicate as that of a young girl, she was blue-eyed, a beauty, sweet and charming, and died at the age of eighty-six without illness, just gradually fading out like a flower. Her daughters, both unmarried, were our greatest friends. They introduced us to the charms of the then fashionable novels, The Heir of Redcliffe, and The Wide, Wide World, sentimental stuff we should despise now, but which then we loved. [new paragraph] Five o'clock tea was not then general. People despised it as an effeminate luxury, but the younger liked to partake of it surreptitiously, so in my cousins' boudoir we held delightful little symposiums to which some of the company, including the dignified Dean of Hereford, often invited themselves.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 44).
  • <quote>My brother-in-law, the Marquis of Breadalbane, Lord Chamberlain in later years, and a great favorite of Queen Victoria's, whose mission it was to read out the names of the ladies attending the Courts, often amused us with his accounts of the errors and antics committed by some débutantes in their shyness.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 68).
  • <quote>Another eventful ride I had in Warwickshire. When jumping out of a wood — for, needless to say, I never remained on the road after that first day — "Lazarus" caught his foot in a branch, came down, but recovered himself brilliantly. "Well done!" I heard a voice behind me say. The voice was charming, the rider good-looking. We were promptly introduced, and I discovered that my unknown admirer was the great novelist and most delightful of companions, Whyte-Melville.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 98).
  • <quote>One or two ladies in London gave charming Sunday dinners, quite small and very select. Lady Waldegrave and Lady Molesworth, daughter of Braham the singer, entertained delightfully. At Lady Molesworth's one met chief legal society, Lord Russell, Lord Coleridge, Mr. Montague Williams, and others. These evenings were most interesting, never more than eight sat at the table, as the saying was — never more than the Muses or less than the Graces. It was wonderful talk when these veterans of the law poured out their choicest reminiscences, their stories of witty anecdote and legal lore. I sat entranced and silent, a humble little listener. Lady Waldegrave's parties were larger and more political. Here you met ambassadors, cabinet ministers, the editor of The Times, a great personage to whom everyone cringed and from whom everyone eagerly sought news.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 110).
  • <quote>I used to give small dinners myself, and generally to the same people. We had a little coterie. Jimmie Whistler who, with his tall cane, his white lock and his neat little figure, looked like a replica of an old print; Lord Currie, a charming talker and man of the world; Whyte-Melville, also a delightful raconteur; Violet Fane (Mrs. Singleton), with her big languorous eyes, her slow, soft speech and original conversation. At Violet Fane's one met all sorts of queer people. I remember a famous Californian poet who ate his chicken bones with his fingers, placing them when throughly gnawed beside his plate on the tablecloth; Laurence Oliphant, a weird mystic and fine talker; and Wildrid Blunt, poetic, enthusiastic and oriental in his tastes. We discussed all manner of subjects, and once arranged a hasheesh party which, however, did not come off.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 113).
  • <quote>Another very interesting Bohemian house was that of Mr. J. M. Levy, the founder of the Daily Telegraph, in Lancaster Gate. Every Sunday there assembled for dinner a large party chiefly composed of the family, for with the admirable Jewish sense of relationship there were all gathered together on the / Sunday, grandfather and mother, fathers and sons, mothers and daughters. He had an excellent cook and very good wine. In addition to the gastronomic charms of his table, a picked number of the most celebrated singers, actors and artists of the day assembled. After dinner more people arrived, and amongst them noted singers and musicians who gave of their best; sweet, dainty Adeline Patti and her then husband, the Marquis de Caux, were frequently present at dinner, when she invariably kissed her "Papa Levy," as she called him. In no house in London would she sing except at Lancaster Gate, not even for Mr. Levy's son, afterwards Lord Burnham. All the celebrated artists of the day came there. You met Patti, Christine Nilsson with the face of an angel, Rubinstein, and Pederewski. All played and sang to their hearts' content. You met Gusto Doré, Oscar Wilde, the wits, the writers, and the leading critics. ... When I first went there only Lord and Lady Otto Fitzgerald and Lady Diana Huddleston, whose husband was a judge, represented the aristocracy. Lady Diana Beauclerc, a descendant of the famous lady of that name who painted pictures and was toasted by the wits, was an acknowledged beauty, and people were surprised at the news of her marriage when, after some years of society, she became engaged / to the elderly, witty, and successfully judge.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 113–115).
  • <quote>Baron and Lady Diana Huddleston always rented a house at Brighton for the autumn months, and there I sometimes stayed with them. ... / They were very fond of artistic society, and Mr. George Grossmith frequently came to stay, and would entertain us in the evening with his inimitable songs and imitations. I can hear him now singing with gusto: "See me reverse, see my coat-tails flying," a skit on the new fashion of reversing in the valse.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 115–116).
  • <quote>It was the fashion for men to call upon one on Sunday; they were too busy with bread-winning, House of Commons, or sport to come any other day, and very pleasant people used to appear. Mr. Robert Browning, looking more like a successful city banker than a poet, drifted in and held one spell-bound with his interesting talk; Monckton Mills, the father of the present Lord Crewe, kept one entertained with anecdotes; Lord Powerscourt discoursed on pictures, he was a great collector; and Oscar Wilde talked like his books, with picturesque and delightful volubility. I remember once, when he came to my lunch party, he sat out all the guests and remained talking to me alone till 6.30, when he departed to dress for a dinner party. Though most of the time we were alone, his verve, his eloquence, his picturesque and amusing similes, his jests, were unfailing and spontaneous.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 116).
  • <quote>Lady Dorothy Nevill, a delightfully clever society / woman, gathered round her all the celebrated public men and was devoted to Dizzy.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 116–117).
  • <quote>D'Israeli in his old age I often met arm in arm walking with Mr. Montague Corry [sic] in the secluded Mayfair streets, looking more than ever like the wandering Jew. Mr. Corry told me that D'Israeli first took a fancy to him when he saw him dancing and fooling about in a drawing room. He was perfectly devoted to him, and cheered and soothed his declining days. Mr. Corry founded the Rowton lodging houses for poor people, which have done so much good, and proved a boon to houseless wanderers. He would come and discuss the project with me, and as soon as they were finished took me to see them and infused into me his own enthusiasm.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 117).
  • <quote>Oscar Wilde was a poseur in public, but in private he could be very simple. I had a friend, Mrs. Francis Lowther, née Miss de Foublanque, a very beautiful woman, whose two little girls were great favourites of Oscar Wilde. He would clamber up to the school-room and talk to them and tell them beautiful fanciful stories by the hour.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 119). Story follows, "Simon of Cyrene," that Greville says had never been published.
  • <quote>I knew Sarah Bernhardt pretty well at one time. I visited her in her studio and saw the famous coffin lined with white satin she kept in her bedroom. She was then so thin that the Parisians said: "Elle peut se draper dans une ficelle," and the wondrous voice, the voix d'or�, was then in its pristine freshness. She was a woman of marvelous energy, a sculptress, a painter, an artist, and above all a woman of charm.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 121).
  • <quote>Mrs. Gabrielli, another well-known hostess, gave many dinner parties. Her guests were mostly Bohemian — actors, musicians, critics, and authors. One peculiarity of her dinners consisted in the number she contrived to seat at her hospitable board. We all sat very near together, too near together many people thought; but her hospitality was unbounded, and she loved to see her friends around her. Mr. Gabrielli was, I think, [married to?] an Italian, but she was English, a dainty petite person and very proud of her small feet. She always spoke of her bootikins, and as a pseudo-foreigner made charming curtseys to those she met. At her house I met Oscar Wilde and Isidore de Lara, the writer of drawing-room songs in great vogue at that time, but later a composer of grand operas. He was very good-looking, and leant indolently against the drawing-room doors surveying the company. All the amateurs sang his songs and admired his good looks. The Grossmiths often came to Mrs. Gabrielli's, but her great affection was given to Sir Charles Wyndham and the dainty Mary Moore, his leading lady. Mrs. Gabrielle left her at her death all her jewelry, including some beautiful turquoises.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 123).
  • <quote>Mrs. Gabrielli was a regular attendant at first nights, and she often asked me to accompany her, a request always acceded to.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 124).
  • <quote>Very pleasant were the George Grossmith's [sic] parties at his house in Dorset Square, and George Grossmith's songs were inimitable.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 124).
  • <quote>Mr. Percy Macquoid, the great authority on furniture, whose book is now a classic, told me that in the early days of his research for furniture when visiting country houses he always asked to see the housekeeper's room and the garrets, because old furniture was despised by he Victorians as fusty and clumsy, and he would find priceless Chippendale chairs and tables stored away contemptuously in all kinds of humble places. ... [new paragraph] Percy Macquoid's mother, whom I knew very well, was a most charming old lady, very cultured and refined. ... She wrote some pleasant novels much appreciated in their day, and in their holiday time the couple [Mrs. Macquoid and her husband] would travel about Europe and write an illustrated book about their journeys, thus combining pleasure and profit.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 129).
  • <quote>I used often to go to Whistler's famous breakfasts at his house on the Embankment. They were unique / and charming institutions. Nobody gave breakfasts, and the few entertainments called by that name were simply afternoon parties. The company at Whistler's never consisted of more than six people, the table was decorated á la Japonaise, sparsely, with one or two choice flowers swimming in a bowl, instead of the usual bunch of ill-assorted blossoms crushed together. The fare was simple, with waffles and other American dishes unknown to and much appreciated by the English visitors. The talk was, of course, picturesque, vivacious and interesting. Lady Colin Campbell was a frequent guest.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 137–138).
  • <quote>I have a vision of Mr. Frank Schuster's house looking over the Green Park, with its delightful music room where you heard heavenly music and ate delicious food. I remember on a hot day a dish of white currants drenched in Rhenish wine, which tasted amazingly nice, food for the gods indeed. Only really great artists sang and played there, and in the company intellectual and agreeable and handsome women were always to be seen.</quote> (Greville Vignettes 138).

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Violet Greville edited a weekly at some point, "whose circulation she succeeded in doubling in less than six months" ("A Chat").
  2. She says she was not allowed to read novels until she married ("A Chat").
  3. She says she's a cyclist: <quote>"Since I have cycled," she said, "I have seen more of the English country than I ever did before. I always journey by cycle instead of by train when possible."</quote> ("A Chat").
  4. She was "a fine horsewoman" ("A Chat").
  5. I.M. says she refused to be interviewed until the "chat" for Woman ("A Chat").
  6. According to I.M., she didn't sign her name to her work until her column in The Graphic, though her book publications were signed ("A Chat").
  7. When the "Chat" was published in 1900, she said she was moving house and President of the Limehouse branch of the War Fund "for helping the wives and widows and children of our soldiers in South Africa ("A Chat").
  8. She traveled through India, Italy and Spain ("A Chat").
  9. Untangle the Grevilles, the Grevile-Nugents and also check on Violet Greville's sister, the Marchioness of Breadalbane.
  10. In his memoir of his father, Hallam Tennyson says that Sabine Greville wrote Carlyle, so this may be who Ronald Gower knew as well (Tennyson, Halam Tennyson, baron. Alfred Lord Tennyson, 1809–1892, A Memoir by His Son. London: Macmillan, 1897: 241).
  11. <quote>Mrs. Thellusson was Maria, daughter of Sir. F. W. Macnaghten, Bart. In 1822 she married Thomas Robarts Thellusson, who died in 1869. Mrs. Thellusson was the mother of Swinburne's great friend Sabine, Mrs. Greville of Milford, and of Lady Probyn. She died on January 23rd, 1881</quote> (Wise, Thomas James. A Bibliography of the Writing in Prose and Verse of Algernon Charles Swinburne, 1919. London: Printed for Printed for private circulation only by R. Clay sons, 1919: 246, n. 146).
  12. From Rootschat: "The TV series 'Servants' mentions Violet. Second Episode."
  13. From Rootschat: "The most likely connection between Lady Violet Greville and Appleby in Westmoreland is amateur dramatics and the aristocracy. Lord and Lady Hothfield (of Appleby), along with Lady Violet Greville, and others, hosted (in the case of the Hothfields) and performed (in the case of the Hothfields' daughter and Lady Violet Greville) in amateur performances which were either for private amusement or to raise funds for charity. Sometimes these performances took place in the presence of royals. Lady Violet Greville and the Hothfields, among others, would invite amateur performers (reputable ones) to stay at their grand houses for weekends or short periods of time. I can't recall an instance of seeing a report of Lady Violet Greville at Appleby but she certainly mixed with the same set of amateurs that the Hothfields mixed with." (Re: Lady Violet Greville. Reply #28 on: Sunday 24 January 16 06:49 GMT (UK)).
  14. "Diane Chasseresse" ("Diana Huntress") is a pseudonym, possibly of Mrs. Walter Creyke, used in the World in 1890 for a column called "Sporting Sketches" (Hastings 37). A book also called Sporting Sketches (Macmillan, 1890) is reviewed in the 9 August 1890 Speaker; the review drips with scorn (1890-08-09 Speaker).

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

Works Cited[edit | edit source]

  1. [1863-05-09 Bristol Mercury] "Chester Races." The Bristol Mercury 9 May 1863, Saturday: 2 [of ], Col. 6B ().
  2. [1873-08-30 Penny Illustrated] "New Members of Mr. Gladstone's Ministry." The Penny Illustrated Paper and Illustrated Times 30 August 1873, Saturday: 132, Col. 2C ().
  3. [1888-08-03 Diss Express] "Marriage of 'Mr. Manton.'" The Diss Express, and Norfolk and Suffolk Journal 3 August 1888, Friday: 2 [of 8], Col. 4C (behind paywall:
  4. [1888-08-04 Northampton] "The Marriage of 'Mr. Manton.'" Northampton Mercury 4 August 1888, Saturday: 2 [of 12], Col. 5C (behind paywall:
  5. [1888-08-11 Northern] "'Mr Manton' No Longer." Northern Daily Mail 11 August 1888, Saturday: 4 [of 4], Col. 5A (behind paywall: Now Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail.
  6. [1890-08-09 Speaker] "First Impressions." The Speaker 9 August 1890: 168, Col. 2C (Google Books:
  7. [1891-08-22 Academy] "Messrs. Henry & Co.'s Announcements." The Academy 12 December 1891 (No. 1023): 523, Col. 3A. Google Books
  8. [1890-12-06 Athanaeum] "Literary Gossip." The Athenaeum 6 December 1890 (No. 3293): 779, Col. 2C. Google Books
  9. [1891-11-14 Primrose] [Review of The Gentlewoman in Society] The Primrose League Gazette 14 November 1891: 12. Online (accessed May 2017).
  10. [1891-08-22 Academy] "Messrs. Henry & Co.'s Announcements." The Academy 12 December 1891 (No. 1023): 523, Col. 3A. Google Books
  11. [1892-03-12 Spectator] "The Gentlewoman in Society." The Spectator 12 March 1892: 23–24. Online (accessed May 2017).
  12. [1892-04-16 British Books] "Messrs. Henry & Co.'s List." British Books: The Publishers' Circular 16 April 1892 (3:56; No. 1346: 427. In Google Books
  13. [1894-04-04 Sketch] "L. E." "A Chat with Lady Violet Greville." The Sketch 4 April 1894, Wednesday: 5, Col. 1A. (Behind paywall: Accessed December 2016.
  14. [1894-10-20 Warminster] "'Mr. Manton' Ill." Warminster and Westbury Journal 20 October 1894, Saturday: 2 [of 8], Col. 6B (behind paywall:
  15. [1894-11-16 Hull Daily Mail] "Death of the Duchess of Montrose ('Mr Manton')." Hull Daily Mail 16 November 1894, Friday: 3 [of 4], Col. 5C (behind paywall:
  16. [1895-08 Australian Journal] "News and Notes." The Australian Journal August 1895: 694, Col. 1B. In Google Books:
  17. [1897-07-10 Graphic] Greville, Lady Violet. "Devonshire House Ball." The Graphic 10 July 1897, Saturday: 15 [of 34], Cols. 1A–3C - 16, Col. 1A–3A (behind paywall: and Actual word count: 1814.
  18. [1898-05-07 Publishers' Circular] "The Society of Authors. Annual Dinner." The Publishers' Circular 7 May 1898 (No. 1662): 514, Col. 1A–2A. Google Books:
  19. [1898-12-31 Wave] "London." The Wave 31 December 1898: n.p. [11 of the print magazine; 468 digital], Col. 1C.
  20. [1905-10-28 London Mainly About People] "Lady Greville." London Mainly About People 28 October 1905, Saturday: 10 [of 29], Col. 2B (
  21. [1908-04-09] "Obituary: Captain The Hon. Ronald Greville." Times [London, England] 6 Apr. 1908: 6. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 30 Mar. 2017. (Behind paywall:
  22. [1909-12-03 Times] "Obituary: Lord Greville." The Times 3 December 1909, Friday: 11, Col. 2B. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 30 Mar. 2017. (behind paywall:
  23. [1932-03-04 Edinburgh Evening News] "Dowager Lady Greville. Aunt of Duke of Montrose Dead." Edinburgh Evening News 4 March 1932, Friday: 12 [of 16], Col. 3B (behind paywall:
  24. [1932-03-04 Scotsman] "The Late Dowager Lady Greville." The Scotsman 4 March 1932, Friday: 5 [of 14], Col. 5C (behind paywall:
  25. Campbell, Lady Colin. The Queen Mother: The Untold Story of Elizabeth Bowes Lyon, Who Became Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother. : St. Martin's Press, Dynasty Press, 2012.
  26. Hastings, Macdonald. Diane: A Victorian. U. of California Press, 1974. [Snippet view in Google Books:]
  27. Houghton, Walter E. The Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals 1824–1900. Routledge, 2003. Preview in Google Books:
  28. Keenan, Desmond. Ireland within the Union 1800-1921. Xlibris, 2008.
  29. MacColl, Gail, and Carol McD. Wallace. To Marry an English Lord: Tales of Wealth and Marriage, Sex and Snobbery. New York: Workman, 2012.
  30. Newey, K. Women's Theatre Writing in Victorian Britain. Springer, 2005. Preview in Google Books:
  31. Onslow, Barbara. "The Ladies' Page." Victorian Page: The Web Magazine of Victoriana. Web. Accessed April 2017.
  32. Traill, Henry Duff. Number Twenty: Fables and Fantasies. The Whitefriars Library of Wit and Humour, ed. W. H. Davenport Adams. Second Series. London: Henry & Co., [1892]. [Advertisements for Henry & Co. at the end.]
  33. Wearing, J. P. The London Stage 1890–1899: A Calendar of Productions, Performers, and Personnel. 2nd ed. Scarecrow Press, 2013.

Greville's Books and Plays[edit | edit source]

  1. Faiths and Fashions: A Series of Essays on Social Questions. Short Essays Republished. By Lady Violet Greville. London: Longmans, Green, 1880. Rpt Google Books: (accessed February 2017).
  2. Zoe: A Girl of Genius. A Novel. 3 vol. London: Bentley, 1881.
  3. Keith's Wife: A Novel. 3 vol. London: Bentley, 1883.
  4. Creatures of Clay: A Novel. 3 vols., crown 8vo. London: Chapman and Hall, 1885.
  5. Montrose. London: Chapman and Hall, 1886. With an introduction by the 5th Earl of Ashburnham. [A biography of her ancestor, the 1st Marquis of Montrose.]
  6. The Secret of Barravoe: A Tale. George Routledge & Sons, 1886. Authorship lists W. Surney as well. [George Routledge and Sons, "List of new Books." The Athenaeum: A Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and the Drama. No. 3072, 11 September 1886: 350, Col. 3C.] Not 3 volumes; octavo. Listen in a series called "The Ludgate Novels"; one volume. Worldcat lists 4 copies, only 1 in North America, at Cornell.
  7. Old Friends: An Original One Act Comedy. St. James's, 26 June 1890–12 July 1890 (Newey 211; Wearing 27). (New York: Samuel French, [1889; BL has copy from 1893].) <quote>'Old Friends' is a tender, but rather melancholy story of self-sacrifice on the part of a girl who gives up her lover to a younger sister.It furnishes opportunity for some delicate and touching acting by Miss Annie Irish, but its conclusion is not wholly palatable. Mr. Gilbert Fahrquhar plays a retired naval officer, and Mr. Laurence Cautley a not very staunch lover.</quote> (Athenaeum, July 5, 1890, No. 3271: 42:
  8. The New Wedlock (reviewed in 1890); may be nonfiction prose. [might have been in the National Review in May, 1890? 19:328. was an essay in the National Review?]
  9. The Tangled Web, a play performed at a matinee for a charity; c. 1890 (1894-04-04 Sketch)
  10. The Baby; or A Warning to Mesmerists, a one-act play. Brighton, 31 October 1890 (Newey 211); one matinee performance, Theatre Royal, Brighton (Wearing 108, 62). Terry's Theatre, 9 April 1891–13 May 1891, 35 performances. The Yorkshire Gazette says on 11 April 1891 that The Baby was "favourably received in Brighton and other places" and that it will be produced at Terry's Theatre ( 4, Col. 5C, last item). "In aid of Leo Tolstoy's soup kitchen and A. Watson's Russian Relief Fund"; "based on a story in Elbow Room, 1876, by 'Max Adeler' [Charles Heber Clark" (Wearing 108, 62). Reviewed by the Times as well as Stage. "The sketch concerned a father who hypnotizes his crying baby so soundly that he believes he has killed it" (Wearing 62).
  11. Greville, Lady Violet. The Gentlewoman in Society. London: Henry and Co., 1891. (By Lady Greville.) Google Books: (accessed November 2016). The Victoria Library for Gentlewoman is treated more fully, below.
  12. Greville, Lady Violet, ed. The Gentlewoman's Book of Sports. Vol. 1. London: Henry & Co., 1892. The Victoria Library for Gentlewoman is treated more fully, below.
  13. Nadia, a play, "adapted from novel by H. Greville (Mrs. Alice Durand), Les Epreuves de Raïssa, Lyric, 3 May 1892" (Newey 211), one matinee performance (Wearing 116). Reviewed by the Times as well as other periodicals: "The novel treated 'a peculiarly atrocious case of abduction and rape ... a sufficiently revolting subject ... [that] loses none of its offensiveness by the manner of its dramatic treatment' (Times)" (Wearing 116).
  14. That Hated Saxon: A Sporting Story. "By The Lady Greville, with Illustrations by Edwin J. [John] Ellis." London: Ward and Downey, 1893. New Edition: Google Books (accessed November 2016). Google Books has 1894 edition.
  15. Greville, Lady Violet, ed. Ladies in the Field: Sketches of Sport [Illustr. by Edwin J. Ellis.] New York: D. Appleton, 1894. [prob not the first edition] Internet Archive: (accessed November 2016).
  16. An Aristocratic Alliance, produced at the Criterion Theatre, 1894. She says she began it in about 1890 (1894-04-04 Sketch). An adaptation of Le Gendre de Monsieur Poirier, 1854, by Émile Augier and Jules Sandeau; Charles Wyndham played Gerald Earl of Forres; "Violet Greville responded to criticisms that she had hidden the fact that the play was an adaptation in a letter to the Times (3/4), indicating that it had been advertised widely as an adaptation. See Times 4/4 for a refutation of her claim" (Wearing 204). Comedy.
  17. The Home for Failures. [By Lady Violet Greville] London: Hutchinson, 1896. Positive reviews in the World and the Pall Mall Gazette mentioned in this ad:; the Athenaeum didn't like it:
  18. The Moth and the Candle, a play, with Mark Ambient, Brighton, December 1901 (Newey 211).
  19. The Fighters. A Novel. [By Violet Greville] London: Chapman and Hall or Chatto, 1907. "[T]he Emperor Napoleon, a Spanish adventuress and a mysterious priest who is not a priest" (review in The Academy, 4 May 1907: 442
  20. Greville, Lady Violet. Vignettes of Memory. Hutchinson, 1927.

Contents of Ladies in the Field: Sketches of Sport[edit | edit source]

  1. Riding in Ireland and India. By the Lady Greville. [Violet Greville; 3–27; total est. pages = 24]
  2. Hunting in the Shires. [31–59; total est. pages = 29]
  3. Horses and Their Riders. By The Duchess of Newcastle. [K. Newcastle; 63–69; total est. pages = 6]
  4. The Wife of the M. F. H. By Mrs Chaworth Musters. [Lina Chaworth Musters; 73–88; total est. pages = 15]
  5. Fox-Hunting. [91–103; total est. pages = 12]
  6. Team and Tandem Driving. By Miss Rosie Anstruther Thomson. [107–141; total est. pages = 34]
  7. Tigers I Have Shot. By Mrs C. Martelli. [Kate Martelli; 145–156; total est. pages = 11]
  8. Rifle-Shooting. by Miss Leale. [Winifred Louisa Leale; 159–172; total est. pages = 13]
  9. Deer-Stalking and Deer-Driving. By Diane Chasseresse. [173–196; total est. pages = 23] ["Diane Chasseresse," "Diana Huntress," is a pseudonym, possibly of Mrs. Walter Creyke, used in the World in 1890 for a column called "Sporting Sketches" (Hastings 37).]
  10. Covert Shooting [called "Shooting" for chapter opener and chapter head]. By Lady Boynton. [Mildred Boynton; 199–232; total est. pages = 33]
  11. A Kangaroo Hunt. By Mrs Jenkins. [Beatrice M. Jenkins; 235–243; total est. pages = 8]
  12. Cycling. By Mrs E. R. Pennell. [Elizabeth Robins Pennell; 247–265; total est. pages = 22]
  13. Punting. By Miss Sybil Salaman. [269–287; total est. pages = 18]

Short Stories Published in Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  1. Greville, Violet Lady. "A Strange Misfortune [Complete Story]." [<quote>Author of "Pera's Lovers." "Mrs. Weston's Grandchild," "A Sailor's Bride," "Lord Burnside's Coming of Age," &c.</quote>] Lancashire Evening Post 19 May 1902, Monday: 5 [of 6], Cols. 1A–3B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 4,500 (too high).
  2. [1904-11-05 Western Daily] "Last of a Batch of Love Letters: — 'A Maid from the Country.'" Western Daily Press.
  3. [1934-12-22 Framlingham] Greville, Violet Lady. "A Knight Defender by Lady Violet Greville: Author of 'The Town Mouse,' 'A Strange Misfortune,' &c." Framingham Weekly News 22 December 1934, Saturday: 3 [of 4], Cols. 1A–3C (behind paywall: A love story.
  4. "A Strange Misfortune"
  5. "The Town Mouse"

Contemporary Biographical Treatments[edit | edit source]

Reviews of Greville's Works, Mentions of Appearances and Articles about Her[edit | edit source]

Creatures of Clay[edit | edit source]

There is probably a positive review of Creatures of Clay in the Pall Mall Gazette before 13 March 1885, based on an ad that quotes from it; also an at-least-moderately positive review in The Spectator, both before 26 February 1885.

[1885-01-24 MornPost] "Recent Novels." Morning Post, Saturday 24 January 1885: 3 [of 8], Col. 1a [behind paywall:].



Not only does Lady Violet Greville's new book, entitled "Creatures of Clay," show a marked progress on her previous productions, but it is altogether of the most satisfactory novels of its kind that has appeared for some long time past. It is clearly a "Society Story," since the personages are taken from that class of the community which is generally considered to have par excellence the right to be thus named. At the same time, it is far more than a bare record of "Society's" doings, and contains an element of deep human interest. The legend of the tale, consisting in the well-known lines of Aristophanes—

  "Ye children of man; whose life is a span,
  Protracted with sorrow from day to day,
  Naked and featherless, feeble and querulous,
  Sickly, calamitous creatures of clay!" 

gives a fair idea of the author's manner of judging humanity. She has portrayed characters composed of a mixture of good and evil, actuated, even the best among them, at times by unworthy motives. Yet has she shown that through the natures of most men there runs a golden vein, often buried beneath coarse clay, but which now and then forces itself to the surface. The heroine, Luce, is a charming figure, who until the end retains sympathy, even though the impulse which leads her to hand Dick Carrol over to Lady Fenchurch, may by many be found too Quixotic. The utter abnegation of self displayed by Luce forms a striking contrast with Evelyn's shallow egotism, and the scheming greed of Maud Hardfast. However clear-sighted may be the reader, he will be fairly puzzled to know what has become of Lady Evelyn's pearl necklace after the day that the hero, unhappily for himself, accepts the charge of it. There are few sensational novelists who might not envy Lady Greville her faculty of creating a mystery in so natural a way that it is in keeping with an appearance of probability. Politics and election tactics occupy no small part of this book, the author treats them with a thorough knowledge of her subjects, and, when opportunity allows, lightens these somewhat grave themes by flashes of genuine humour. Sir Hilary Fenchurch's "move" in denouncing his rival, Dick Carrol, on the eve of the election, is startling, and adds yet another to the many unexpected and original incidents of the tale. Lady Greville's story is not only well, because unaffectedly, told, her plot is also most ingeniously put together. As a rule, her characters are chosen from the level of mediocrity, the heroine excepted. ln Mrs. Vincent Carrol, however, is seen to what extremities avarice may lead an ill-directed mind, while in Dick's friend, Bruce, is drawn a noble nature triumphant even in the hour of apparent defeat. On the whole, the author's novel, owing to its elevated tone and graceful sentiment, deserves warm commendation.

  • Creatures of Clay. By Lady Violet Greville. London: Chapman and Hall.

Faiths and Fashions[edit | edit source]

  • [1881 Westminster Review] "Contemporary Literature." The Westminster Review 1881 (Vol. CXV): 160–161. ["Lady Violet Greville is ... in the same position as the old woman who thought that Socrates and Bluebeard were the same person" (161).] Google Books (accessed November 2016).
  • [1880-11-13 Academy] "Current Literature," The Academy 13 November 1880, Vol. 18, No. 445: 342. Google Books (accessed November 2016). Rather scathing review.
  • [1881-01-15 Spectator] "A Fashionable Essayist." The Spectator 15 January 1881, Vol. 54: 90–91. Google Books (accessed November 2016).
  • [1880-10-15 Manchester Courier] "Literary Notices." Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser 15 October 1880, Friday: 3 [of 8], Col. 4A (behind paywall: . Reported word count: 1347. Apparently from Greville's book: <quote>The truth is, piety is not religion, but merely a kind of veneer; and chiefly from this difference, that in piety there is no heart. Real religion feels deeply, and consequently sympathises deeply. The piety of society never feels at all. It eschews feelings as the elder Mill did sentiment, and feasts on the sense of its own worthiness. Consequently pity is as alien to it as love. The Pharisees were pious people, yet it was to them that our Lord addressed that terrible diatribe, "Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone." [new paragraph] Piety does not concern itself with the sorrows of the erring; it has enough to do to pat the virtuous on the back. It can never heal the breaches or minister to the woes of society, for is a narrow and vindictive partisan. Thus it is in all things, from the cobbling of a shoe to the government of a nation: the pious alone consider themselves competent to judge the actions of others and to recognise the mainsprings of every one's motives. The gods of the pious are but too often selfishness and harshness; but they must be served, or we are morally ostracised by their devotees. Even the charity of the pious is doled out with a savouring of acrid displeasure that serves to make the bread bitter in the mouth of the recipient, while the judgment of these good people is invariably tinctured by their peculiar inclinations. It is doubtful whether the salvation of souls is secured by these great professors of piety; it is certain that the happiness of families and of the world at large is not increased by them. [new paragraph] Did any one ever look with other than disgust on the pattern pious child, who only smiles with the corners of his mouth, never does anything wrong, never enjoys the sun and the flowers and the bright blue sky unreservedly as other young things do, who indulges in morbid self-consciousness and introspection, and talks much of sin and Satan and the temptations of the world? Truly those who thus pervert the beauty and innocent sweetness of childhood have well deserved the epithet of the terribly pious.</quote>
  • [1880-10-20 Yorkshire Post] "New Books." The Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer 20 October 1880, Wednesday: 3 [of 8], Col. 6B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 1923. Reviewer didn't like Greville's apparently critical humor and descriptions.

The New Wedlock[edit | edit source]

  • From the Review of Reviews: <quote>Lady Greville, in conversational form, gives us her ideas of the depravity of modern notions of woman's duty in marriage. Modern women imagine that in order to make marriage tolerable:— [new paragraph] They must strip life of all that glorifies and ennobles it — of fancy, imagination, and enthusiasm — they must rob love of its glamours, and turn Pegasus into a sedately jogging pony; they must learn to do violence to their better selves, and like everything only moderately and in reason. [new paragraph] To the suggestion that this is hardly fair to the men, she makes her modern woman reply:— [new paragraph] What have they hitherto offered us in marriage, with a great show of generosity and a flourish of trumpets, but the dregs of a life and the leavings of a dozen other women? Experience has at last taught us what to expect and how to meet them. Never worry men and never over-love them.</quote> (; The Review of Reviews. Ed., William Thomas Stead. Vol. 5, January–June, 1892: 501).
  • [1892 Jan.–June Review of Reviews] "The National Review." Contains a review of The New Wedlock, which appears to be nonfiction prose on Lady Greville's "ideas of the depravity of modern notions of woman's duty in marriage. ... Never worry men and never over-love them." (Shaw, Albert. "The National Review." The Review of Reviews January–June 1892, Vol. 5: 501, Col. 2C).

Gentlewoman in Society[edit | edit source]

Miscellaneous[edit | edit source]

  • Gower, M. P., et al. "From the Journal of 1870."

Greville's Articles in The Graphic and other Periodicals[edit | edit source]

  • [1881-01] Greville, Violet. "Our Ideals." Fraser's Magazine January 1881 (Vol. 103, 23 O.S.; Vol. 613, 133 N.S.): 117-122 (Houghton 758).;view=1up;seq=127. <quote>It follows, therefore, from all that we have observed, that the conception of an ideal is a necessary part of every man's striving to attain a higher level of perfection. From the savage who, happy in his war-paint and his decoration of flowing plumes, hugs an ideal of strength and cunning, to the modern outcome of civilised ordering of force, popular education, and a fair representation of all classes, the innate principle appears the same. ... But idealism, or the tone of mind that lifts us more completely up from the mud-heaps of groveling materialism, is a state that must be cultivated, or it will gradually be lost.</quote> (121).
  • [1884-01] Greville, Violet. "Social Reforms for the London Poor (No. I): The Need for Recreation." Fortnightly Review (January 1884): 21–30. [According to Houghton (239), she's called Lady in the Contents but signed Violet Greville on the article.]
  • [1890-06?] "Women and Worship in Burmah" [may have been an essay in the Nineteenth Century in June 1890? and in Ecl.M. in July 1890?]
  • [1891-03-07] Greville, Lady Violet. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 7 March 1891, Saturday: 19 [of 31], Col, 2A–3A (behind paywall: Queen's Drawing Room ...
  • [1892-02] Greville, Violet. "Men-servants in England." National Review 18 (February 1892): 812-20. Begins with “lacquey” and “flunkey,” the latter as made fun of in Punch and by Thackeray in “Diary of Jeames de la Pluche” (812). “No large establishment is complete without its staff of men-servants; and the ambition of small people tends to the keeping of a male domestic, be he even of the hybrid order called ‘single-handed’” (812). The flunkey, whom she calls Jeames after Thackeray’s character, or footman, “is a functionary conventionally arrayed in plush breeches and silk stockings, with well-developed calves and a supercilious expression. Several times a day he partakes freely of nourishing food, including a surprising / quantity of beer” (812). [new paragraph] The “family butler or steward” (815). The “man-cook” or chef (815). “While the wages of a flunkey range from £30 to £40, merely the salary of a clerk, the butler’s from £80 to £100, the salary of a curate, the wages of a chef, including his perquisites, range from £200 to £300 or even £400 a year” (815). [new paragraph] “The ‘odd man,’ like the humble earth-worm, is the invisible but necessary worker that causes silent revolutions in the machinery of the universe. He cleans knives and boots, carries coals, and does everything disagreeable and arduous for everybody else. He gets cursed at and sworn at; he rises early and goes late to rest; all the misdemeanours of the household are laid on his patient back; he does the work of two men-servants and is paid half the wages of one” (816). [new paragraph] The “king of domestics, while he is certainly the pleasantest, the most useful, and the smartest of officials, is the valet, or gentleman’s gentleman” (816). “The gentleman’s gentleman remains an unique specimen of high civilization acting upon a naturally uneducated nature. There is veneer, but no real value, underneath. Yet, take him all in all, the gentleman’s gentleman is agreeable to live with, / easy to manage, unobtrusively useful, faithful as far as his lights go, devoted to what he thinks your interest and his, amiable and good-natured, light-hearted and ready-witted. What better can we say of most of our friends?” (52–53 [818–819 of the google book]). [new paragraph] The gamekeeper: “Unless he is conciliated by largesses and sympathetically inclined towards you, you will fare badly in your attempts at sport” (818). [new paragraph] After sketching the way she says the French have servants: “Our servants belong to our climate like our Christmas fogs, our roast beef, and our cricket. Perfect service can be had at a perfect price; those who keep many men-servants, and do not count the cost, fare well and sumptuously. As for the rest of us, the employers of one or two men-servants, the plagues and idols of our homes, there is nothing to be done but for us to be very kind and indulgent to them, and blandly to hope they will return the compliment. There is a dignity, a solemnity, and a pretentiousness about flunkeys that English people will never dare to dispense with” (820).
  • [1892-06] Greville, Violet. "Women and Worship in Burmah." Nineteenth Century 31 (June 1892): 1001-1007 (Houghton 999).
  • [1892-05] Greville, Violet. "The New Wedlock." National Review (May 1892): 328-37. Daisy Preston (26, married 2 years, society) and Helen Dynever (20, married 6 months, poetic and religious) discuss marriage. For Daisy, the best way to live her life is to be “self-sufficing” (332). The two discuss obedience: Daisy says, “Obedience has been erased from the marriage-service, practically, if not theoretically, long ago” (331). Daisy, the modern wife, says, that modern women “must strip life of all that glorifies and ennobles it — of fancy, imagination, and enthusiasm — they must rob love of its glamours, and turn Pegasus into a sedately jogging pony; they must learn to do violence to their better selves, and like everything only moderately and in reason” (336).

      Helen. We rule by love, of course. As Madame de Stäel said, / “a woman should be nothing in herself, but should find all her joy in what she loves.”
      Daisy. Love is, of course, a powerful influence; but then we must define love. Some people love their dinner.
      Helen. Surely love means the entire and impassioned surrender of self to the beloved object
      Daisy. Surrender of the self absolutely would, I fear, lead very soon to the complete wreck of the matrimonial ship. (331–332)


     Helen. Then you place the ideal of marriage in perfect freedom, equality between men and women —
     Daisy. Quite indispensable, that.
     Helen. Friendly companionship and no self-surrender?
     Daisy. That’s so, exactly.
     Helen. But you have left no place for love, — beautiful, divine love, which irradiates any life worth living. (333)

  • [1893-03] Greville, Violet. "Victims of Vanity." National Review March 1893 (Vol. 21): 71-79 (Houghton 842).;view=1up;seq=8 Greville’s reaction to the 1891–1892 discussion of corsets and tight lacing in the Gentlewoman (Kunzie, David. Fashion and Fetishism: Tight-Lacing and Other Forms of Body Sculpture. Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: The History Press, 2013 [2004]: n.p. [Ch. 6], and n. 51). <quote>Her interpretation and gloss on the Gentlewoman testimony, as cited in that magazine, have a significant cast on three counts. First, the guilty ones are indeed women, who ‘as is well known, dress at, for and against each other’. Second, tight-lacing is indeed a lower-class vice, the affliction of ‘maidservants, sempstresses, clerks, and governesses’, who gain thereby ‘sallow complexions, purple cheeks, and red noses’ (so much for the claims that tight-lacing whitens the skin!). The aristocratic author weighs in with a heavy dose of class contempt: ‘In which class does society find the deluded women that carry the practice of tight-lacing to such an extreme? Precisely where we would expect to look for them, among the ultra-fashionable, the nouveau-riches, and the lower middle class; the people who lives on shams, whose sole aim and object is to pretend to be what they are not, and to throw dust in the eyes of neighbours.’ They are to be distinguished from the ‘woman-of-the-people’ (ignoring the fact that it was a servant who sparked off the new round in the debate), who may be ‘unlovely from work, age and privation’, but at least remains natural. Naturally subservient, that is, not aspiring to better things. Lady Greville goes on to propose a man’s league against tight-lacing, on the lines of the anti-alcohol, anti-tobacco and anti-crinoline leagues. Women are incorrigible, men alone can combat the mania, men alone can sanitise public opinion. [new paragraph] Third, and this seems to me the most surprising, modern and even somewhat contradictory element in this diatribe, is the emphasis on the idea of sacrifice. The tight-lacer is likened to the kind of ‘fanatical Eastern sect’ who mortify the flesh, ‘rejoice in pain as a means to a future inalienable joy’. Today, it is easier to recognise the image conjured up by Lady Greville, which she finds so strange and I think even exciting, and speaks of in generous astonishment, as her language reveals. It is no less than ‘heroic’. ‘The /spectacle of a girl still almost a child conquering her natural appetites, killing her love of luxury and ease, suppressing the desire for sweetmeats and good living, bearing pain uncomplainingly and stoically and doing all this without hope of reward [!] [sic], knowing that she must suffer still more in the future is pitiable.’ One can almost hear the author catching herself as she slips in that last-word correction, to fend off the expected ‘admirable’.</quote> (n.p.).
  • [1893-08-19] Greville, Lady Violet. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 19 August 1893. A bit about cats.
  • [1894] Greville, Lady Beatrice Violet. "The Home-loving Woman." Humanitarian 5, no. 1 (1894): 37-42.
  • [1895-03-02] Greville, Lady Violet. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 2 March 1895. A bit about cats.
  • [1897-07-10 Graphic] Greville, Lady Violet. "Devonshire House Ball." The Graphic 10 July 1897, Saturday: 15 [of 34], Cols. 1A–3C - 16, Col. 1A–3A (behind paywall: and Actual word count: 1814.
  • [1898-07-02] Greville, Lady Violet. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 2 July 1898. A bit about cats.
  • [1899] Greville, Lady Violet. [on automobiles in the countryside] The Graphic.
    • Answered in the same month in 1899 by Sturmey, Henry. [reply to Greville's column.] The Autocar.
  • [1899-11-30 Northern Echo] Lady Violet Greville is said in an ad to have something published in the Christmas double number of The Lady (
  • [1900-01-27] Greville, Violet Lady. "Woman and the New Century." Weekly Irish Times, 27 January 1900, Saturday: 14 [of 20], Col. 1A–3B (behind paywall: This article <quote>paid tribute to the great women of the preceding century Mary Wollstonecraft, Hannah More, Elizabeth Fry, and Jane Austen</quote> (Keenan, Desmond. Ireland within the Union 1800-1921. Xlibris, 2008: 180). Addresses progress made by women in the 19th century, mostly to the good according to Violet Greville but also the things she thinks were losses; she addresses disparities in wages between men and women.
  • [1900-09-01] Greville, Lady Violet. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 1 September 1900. A bit about cats.
  • [1901-01-16 Weekly Telegraph] Greville, Violet Lady. "Tragedies and Heroisms. Tragedies of Royalty." Weekly Telegraph [BNA calls it Larne Times, Antrim, Northern Ireland?] 16 January 1909, Saturday: 11 [of 12], Cols. 1A–2A (behind paywall: Reported word count: 6, but it's a full column and a little.
  • [1901-01-19 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 19 January 1901, Saturday: 24 [of 44], Cols. 1A–2B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 926. Education for English girls does not prepare them for life: "The average English girl is fit for nothing. She has to earn her living but does not know how to set about it, she is thorough in nothing, and she has neither method nor a definite purpose. It is these things which an American college gives to the poorest girl, and it is this equipment for life which is needed by the working woman — a lady by birth, but frequently more to be pitied and less able to cope with the hard facts of life than her poorer sister."; how often and with what to wash the face in London; "The terrible sea tragedies which have filled the papers lately, the tales of woe and anguish and heroism, remind one of the great part the ocean plays in the life of the island," especially music; "A delightfully eccentric dinner was that given to the cat's-meat men, to which the Princess of Wales was invited, and where the Duchess of Bedford handed round the vegetables. The Duchess, as the President of the National Cat Club, of course, assumed the lead among the ladies, who included Lady Reid and Mrs. Stannard Robinson. Mr. Louis Wain presided and Mlle. Janotha brought her black cat and her violin."; "every wise woman" should insist on her cook doing the shopping, as they do on the continent, rather than having tradesmen call, which leads to mistakes and miss-timing; children aware of behavior in Society, a little joke, really; "Theatricals, theatricals, everywhere! At Lord Aberdeen's, where scenes from Sir Walter Scott's 'Abbot' were charmingly rendered, at Chatsworth under the approval of Royalty, at Lord and Lady Stamford's, at Sir Frederick and Lady Milner's — thus may the dark and foggy days be cheated with limelight and tinsel and bravery of attire. Carnivals at Prince's Skating Rink, at the Mansion House, and in private circles, occupy people's thoughts and enable the winter to fly quickly and pleasantly. Cotillions, too, the prettiest and daintiest of French dances, have been much in favour. They have been given by Lady Brassey, Mrs. Burrowes of Stradone, and others, but the prettiest of all cotillions are those for children, led by a wise grown-up, which were first originated by Lady Londonderry."
  • [1901-01-26] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 26 January 1901, Saturday: 34 [of 102], Cols. 1A–3B (behind paywall: The unobtrusive wedding of Mr. Rockefeller's daughter; another millionaire, Mr. Sam Lewis, whose wife has good taste and whose sister is married to composer M. Messager, now manager of Covent Garden; the "annual exodus to the South," in this case Cannes, Nice, Monte Carlo as well as Egypt, Malta, Sicily and Corsica; women playing "bridge"; "modern life" and news filled with the excitement of the "days of romance"; Lord Dunmore spoke of his exciting experiences at a Christian Science meeting; recitation as an art, the only good ones are Mr. G. Grossmith, Mr. Clifford Harrison, Mr. Brandram and now Mr. Mark Ambient; "hawkers and flower-sellers ordered away from their familiar haunts in the Strand"; an "interesting book on the philosophy of longevity," which says that women who pass 100 have 5 times the chance of surviving as men.
  • [1901-03-02 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 2 March 1901, Saturday: 6 [of 32], Cols. 1A–3C (behind paywall: New wedding-dress designs, Duchess of Westminster, Mdme. Deschanel; the carnival on the Riviera, flowers, it's been cold; a Mrs. Gerrard saved from a wild pig by her Irish wolfhound out walking in Cheshire; Mrs. Adèle Wentworth, an American artist, has been granted permission to paint the pope; Monsieur Sardou is autocratic, especially with "supers" (supernumeraries??); the increase of automobiles in the country; new embroidery, sort of folk embroidery; dresses made with gold.
  • [1901-04-06 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 6 April 1901, Saturday: 7 [of 44], Cols. 1A–3C (behind paywall: Spring is cold this year as Easter comes;
  • [1901-04-20 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 20 April 1901, Saturday: 18 [of 52], Cols. 1A–C (behind paywall: Reported word count: 962. Spring clothing, though London is too dirty to make it practical; summer fabrics, hats, spangles are out; "The adventures of the Gainsborough picture, just recovered, read like a romance," picture hats are becoming even now; new post office rule that "all girls employed must surpass the height of five feet four. The Venus de Medicis, I believe, is less, and we cannot all aspire to be Venus de Medicis."; "Every fashionable woman has now a tiny toy-dog, which she usually carries about everywhere with her under her arm. ... A couple brought to the hotel where I was staying recently a large St. Bernard dog and a little terrier. The St. Bernard — a beautiful and gentle animal, who picked his way about the furniture with careful steps — looked as if he would have been far happier on his native hills. But the little Japs and Chinese sleeve dogs are, of course, intended for fondling and carrying about, and centuries of spoiling have taught them to play the part of domestic tyrant most efficiently."; "The effects of Countess Castiglione, one of the beauties of the Third Empire, who died a short time ago, will be sold shortly by auction. ... Five vans were alone required to remove her papers, all of which have been burnt."
  • [1901-11] Greville, Violet Lady. "Fashion in the Garden." By Lady Violet Greville. The Smart Set November 1901: 109–110. Periodicals, Books, and Authors. The Smart Set Archives (accessed November 2016).
  • [1901-11-23 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 23 November 1901, Saturday: 11 [of 38], Cols. 1A–1C (behind paywall: Reported word count: 878. She read an article about French actresses, who are busy and thus do better than the many women in society who suffer from ennui; "It is a pity many of the simple recipes and the knowledge of herbs have almost died out among ladies."; the chrysanthemum is in bloom and in shows; "I wonder is there any connection between the growth of thick, strong wavy hair and music."; the Ladies Kennel Association: "the Dholpore Cup of 500l. and the Gold Cup offered by Princess Sophie Dhuleep-Singh"; "Two more lady editors are announced. Lady Sykes brings out a new paper, Sunrise, which promises to be original and clever, while Mrs. Stuart Erskine edits a monthly, the Kensington. Strangely enough, the ladies' papers, par excellence, are chiefly edited and managed by men, and their tone, as a rule, is distinctly of the frivolous and and gossipy order. It would be interesting to see a woman managing man's paper while the men edit the woman's."; fogs in London, but in Brighton, people wear white in the sun.
  • [1902-07-26 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 26 July 1902, Saturday: 6 [of 41], Cols. 1A–2C (behind paywall: Women not shooting at Bisley; women in business in England vs France; women running hotels, bad economies, no fruit and vegetables even in summer in England vs abroad; "Annually an epidemic of some form of headgear occurs."; Panama hats on men and women; men and women should know how to swim.

[1902-08-23 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 23 August 1902, Saturday: 44 [of 58], Cols. 1A–3A (behind paywall: <quote>The terrible death of a millionaire and his wife in their motor-car when travelling at the rate of sixty-two miles an hour must cause reflection. The accident, apparently, was due to the man's neglect, and might happen any day; but the terrific speed at which the machine was travelling rendered death inevitable, and therein lies the danger. In a carriage you may be hurt of occasionally killed; in a motor, travelling faster than an express train, you court death, the impact is so terrific</quote>, and now women are driving; people not recognizing the formal and ancient dress for the coronation; the open air as space for entertainment; <quote>London is empty now, says the fashionable world, and everyone flies from it as though it had the plague</quote>; not a good year for grouse.

  • [1902-09-06 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 6 September 1902, Saturday: 18 [of 40], Cols. 1B–3C (behind paywall: Reported word count: 260. The "apostle of labour, Count Toistoi," "An hotel for working women" in Paris, athletic girls and Shakers and closing doors, music hall on a lake in Minneapolis, first woman election agent, a burglar at the castle of the Duke of Montrose in Scotland, Miss Kate Livingstone.
  • [1903-07-25] Greville, Lady Violet. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 25 July 1903. A bit about cats.
  • [1903-09-05 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 3 June 1905, Saturday: 5 [of 34], Cols. 1A–2C (behind paywall: Reported word count: 390. Perfumes and scent used by the Tsarina of Russia, the Queen Regent of Spain and the Queen of Roumania; Lady Violet Greville "read in a French paper that the King of England received the King of Greece at the railway station at Marienbad, dressed in a green cap, a brown overcoat, a pink tie, white gloves, grey shoes, and knickerbockers" (1A); what women are wearing: white under-petticoats, large white ostrich feathers on hats, "Small back and white or pink and white stripes on a pale silk petticoat, made very simply with a deep flounce gathered in little pleats, but not accordion-pleated with a machine" for "ordinary walking."
  • [1904-01-16 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 16 January 1904, Saturday: 26 [of 36], Cols. 2A–3B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 459. "The death of the Princess Mathilde, niece of Napoleon I., removes almost the last of the great ladies who kept a salon and were remarkable personalities in themselves," sounds like Lady Violet Greville may have known her; on her deathbed she said, "Why mourn? I am an anachronism after all!" (1A); people used to sing and dance more, idea reinforced by the quality of the performances at "amateur pantomime and musical plays"; "Musical comedies encourage the public idleness, for it is much better to do something one's self than only to sit and listen. It is reverting to the old Oriental idea, that to dance or sing is undignified, and that a great personage must needs pay performers to amuse him." (Col. 1); "I see that the motor hansom has made its appearance; but why, oh, why, in the interests of women, should such an uncomfortable, inconvenient vehicle be perpetuated?" (2A); "The sales are on. ... The true nature of the woman comes out at these times. The selfish person grabs and pushes, the wise, self-controlled woman catches hold and quietly secures her treasure."; the odd pets people keep: a parrot on a woman's wrist as she bicycled, monkeys, mongooses, snakes, "and one brave woman owned a little alligator, that walked about the dinner-table rather unpleasantly and ate raw meat," "a pet pig that slept in a real bed, with sheets provided by its fond mistress. There is no accounting for taste."; "Perhaps it is because Kings and Queens have so much tiresome etiquette to endure, that they love to be treated occasionally like ordinary mortals," like Victoria and Alexandra.
  • [1904-05-04 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 4 May 1904, Saturday: 30 [of 42], Cols. 1A–2B (behind paywall: The costumes in Mrs. Langtry's play about Maria Antoinette are gorgeous and will influence fashion; new styles in men's clothing; style in women's clothing, especially overly fussy underlinen; men are better cooks at some things like toast, also tea; coffee like toast gets much of its flavor from smell.
  • [1905-04] "Society Weddings." The London Magazine Apr 1905.
  • [1905-06-03 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 3 June 1905, Saturday: 9 [of 35], Cols. 1B–3B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 353. Royal weddings: Princess Margaret of Connaught to a prince of Sweden; The Grand Duchess Cecile in Berlin, (probably) whose "chimney sweeps' procession, dressed in evening clothes, is decidedly quaint" (9, Col. 1B); the annual meeting of Swanley College, which has been educating "female gardeners," colonists' wives" and "factory girls," who are learning to "look after their allotment gardens" (9, Cols. 1B–2B); in America, "you inform the official" if you want your boots cleaned, and a valet does it well for a pre-defined sum (9, Cols. 2B–3B); America also has sempstresses who come to a hotel and mend and sew well; musical prodigies (9, Col. 3B).
  • [1905-07-15] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 3 June 1905, Saturday: 31 [of 38], Cols. 1A–2A (behind paywall: Reported word count: 617. The "sale of Scottish industries, held at Stafford House," disabled children made artificial flowers that were very realistic, so many flowers wasted socially; women's cruelty to their horses, keeping them tethered unnaturally, while they socialize; women tie their dogs to their carriages and make them run along, essentially torturing them; dogs (and cats) fetch "absolutely artificial values," "A dog should not be a mercantile commodity, but a friend."
  • [1905-09-09 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 9 September 1905, Saturday: 18 [of 36], Cols. 1B–3B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 213.
  • [1905-09-16 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 16 September 1905, Saturday: 7 [of 35], Cols. 1B–3B, 8, Col. 1A (behind paywall: Reported word count: 206. Railroad food and tea; the "dead season" in London, tourists and "let us pray that London may not entirely lose its old accustomed homely features, and become a place of buildings forty stories hight, shutting out the little light and air that civilization has left us."; crowded, stifling omnibuses: "I believe better-class omnibuses, for decently dressed people, ready to pay a little more, would answer very well."; the "hatless women," "Mr. E. F. Benson, that keen observer of human nature" and "hatless folk"; "Children are too much excited and stimulated when young to grow up into calm, well-balanced men and women. Few people care to train their minds, though they stuff them with all kinds of ill-digested matter" (8, Col. 1A); woman who committed suicide for the sake of publicity.
  • [1905-10] "Country House Life." The London Magazine October 1905.
  • [1905-10-21 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 21 October 1905, Saturday: 33 [of 44], Cols. 1B–3B, 40, Cols. 1–3 (behind paywall: Reported word count: 222. Sir Henry Irving's death, Ellen Terry's dresses "were indefinable garments, mediaeval and picturesque, wrought and designed by artists in all the fervour of beauty" (Col. 1); everybody used to sing, but they don't anymore, quoting Walter Besant on this (Col. 2); Miss Winifred Graham's new novel mentioned by Father Ignatius in his sermon, "Young ladies are the only people nowadays who have the courage of their opinions, and all the daring books are written by feminine pens" (Col. 2); German vs English forestry (33, Col. 3–40, Col. 1–2); death of Lady Currie, whom Lady Violet Greville may have known: "only those who were privileged to know her intimately could appreciate her special charm, her picturesque beauty, and the spontaneous wit which bubbled up so easily, and made the dinner table at which she presided a delightful symposium. She was a true and faithful friend, and her friends will miss her profoundly" (40, Cols. 2–3).
  • [1905-10-28 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 28 October 1905, Saturday: 6 [of 40], Cols. 1A–3C (behind paywall: Reported word count: 257. Prince and Princess of Wales on tour, leaving children behind; women need to know about "education, the housing of the poor, social conditions, the work, health and pleasure of the people," social problems and politics; "In the time of Queen Victoria it was rare indeed to see a man driving in an open carriage except when escorting a lady. It was considered effeminate," Gladstone walked home from the House of Commons every day; "the man or woman who is fit for nothing ought to be treated differently from the respectable couple who have worked all their lives till they can work more, and cherish a legitimate horror of charity, which in England, at least, is cold to the deserving, while generous to the vagrant and the idler" (Col 2); The Nelson Centenary; fruit is cheap in New York and flowers expensive, the opposite of what is true in London; velvet and corduroy will be worn this winter, but "Not, velvet dresses are lightly bought, carelessly used, and, after a year's wear, thrown away recklessly" (Col. 3); talking about women's papers: "I believe women would hail an innovation, some variety of topics, some more interesting talk about books, music, literature, what is going on in the outside world, the ideas, customs and habits of other nations and other classes of people, besides the wearisome iteration of fashion talk and so-called Society chat"; the fashion for furs, "peltry" and white.
  • [1905-11-11 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 11 November 1905, Saturday: 15 [of 36], Cols. 1A–B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 346. "The coming of age of the great heiress, Lady Mary Hamilton, was the event of last week," at Brodrick Castle in Scotland (1A); "women are ousting men from many branches of business" by "undersell[ing] men and do[ing] an immense amount of harm to the labour market" (1B); exhibition of the London Needlework Guild opened shows work by poor needlewomen, which Lady Violet Greville's readers could use as the basis for useful and charitable Christmas presents (1B).
  • [1905-12-02 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 16 December 1905, Saturday: 16 [of 42], Cols. 1C–3C (behind paywall: Reported word count: 355. People don't buy houses and stay in town the way they used to: the season is shorter, and the ante-Christmas season is gone, "the whole charm of stable social intercourse has departed, and must be sought for now only in continental cities — Paris, Rome, Madrid"; good cabs and cab-horses are gone: "The moribund and decrepit condition of carriages for hire, with their creaking wheels and antiquated drivers, grows more pronounced daily, and drives the busy person to the motor-'bus or the District Railway." (1C); Lights Out at the Waldorf Theatre is good, with Mr. Esmond and Mr. H. B. Irving (2C); "Some people are beginning to tire of the slavery of bridge, and the waste of many hours spent in playing it. The fact is, once one becomes proficient in the game, it is like entering a maelström; one is engulfed in an overpowering vortex, from which it is hopeless to try and escape, except by a desperate struggle," girls are getting involved in crèches, nursery schools, must more useful (2C); a "girl composer," Miss Constance Tippett for a "fairy play" to be produced at the Gaiety, and an Australian composer has written a "Valse Caprice" for the piano that has been accepted by the Queen, she was an orphan and became "lady help," now she's in London hoping to begin her career (3C); Japanese dolls, etc., are big for Christmas this year: "Everything that is small, neat, and cosy appeals to the infantile mind of all nations" (3C); Mr. H. J. Thaddeus has painted a portrait of Mrs. Mary Eddy, who is described.
  • [1905-12-16 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 16 December 1905, Saturday: 36 [of 42], Col. 1A–3B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 263. December weddings, one at the Chapel Royal Lady Greville might have attended?; need for crossing-sweepers again, as in the old days; Miss Winifred Burnand, daughter of Sir Francis Burnand, illustrating a book and "designing political posters for the coming election"; the sale of Sir Henry Irving's effects, including Sargent's portrait of Ellen Terry; new government means new "fluttering in the dovecotes," new hostesses, "and it will be interesting to watch if any of them will be able to compete successfully with the great hostesses of the past, with Lady Waldegrave, Lady Palmerston, and Lady Beaconsfield."
  • [1906-01-06 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 6 January 1906, Saturday: 24 [of 46], Cols. 1A–3B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 538. "Everyone, lately, has been buying presents. ... Presents have become a tax, and, therefore, unwelcome to many. They should be reserved, I think, for the poor, the children, and those near and dear to one who appreciate the kind thought rather than the value of the gift. All duties become a tax after a time ..."; "Christmas revels bring forward the question of eating. The old merrymaking and feasting has gone out," dinners are smaller and people are pickier, including vegetarians and those wanting lighter food; "Mr. Walter Kirby, the new Australian tenor, gave [a concert] at Lady Methuen's" (Col. 1B–2B), where guests were silent during the concert, accompanist was Miss Evelyn Stuart; "I see it stated that women journalists have not fulfilled the promises with which they started on their career, that few of them have gained the prizes, and none of them reached the highest departments of the profession. I do no think this surprising. Mr. W. L. Courtenay, addressing a circle of women journalists recently, gave the aspirants to journalism Punch's advice to those about to marry, 'Don't!' The profession is a very arduous one; it requires great mental strength and capacity of tension. It needs a full man, as Bacon would say, a well-read man, experienced in the knowledge of history, men and things, with a sense of humour, and a read, well-disciplined mind that can turn to subject at a moment's notice. Many of our best writers and legal luminaries have been journalists. Journalism is a good staff but a bad stay. It is an excellent stepping-stone to higher things and a splendid educator, but it is not a calling to take up, trifle with, and use as a pastime. The good journalist is born, not made, and the young ladies who accept a few shillings for hack work can never hope to make even a sufficient living by it. Naturally they turn to novel-writing, which is less fatiguing, less uncertain and better remunerated." (Col. 3A); "Just now the hunting season is at its height. Those pessimists who prophesied that the sport would die out presently, have proved mistaken. ... Among the most ardent followers of the hounds are Mary Duchess of Hamilton and her daughter."; "This is the season of hunt balls. They come in ever-increasing numbers during January. ... One advantage of a hunt ball is the number of men and the good fellowship one finds there. ... Perhaps, though, in these days of motors there is less confidential talk and leisurely companionship than there used to be during the long homeward rides with a cigar and a favourite friend to make the ride seem short."; election season is coming, and she misses "good elocution."
  • [1906-03-31 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 31 March 1906, Saturday: 6 [of 36], Cols. 1B– 7, Col. 1C (behind paywall: Reported word count: 268. Pre-lent Queens of the Carnival in Paris, Ellen Terry's jubilee on the stage being planned, "lady journalist" meeting with the Empress Dowager of China, "Feminism, or the woman question," / "The self-denial week of the Salvationists," City of London Directory.
  • [1906-06-02 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 2 June 1906, Saturday: 6 [of 44], Cols. 1A–2C (behind paywall: Reported word count: 195. Princess Ena, Queen of Spain; lady friend's gymnasium with the Army man instructor" "I do believe that a gymnasium, as part of our daily life, might do more towards arresting degeneration than any amount of legislation"; Mr.C. K. Chesterton and gluttony vs epicureanism; Mr. Eustace Miles's servants and vegetables, especially cabbage; "The abundance of ornament, in architecture, dress and furniture is an English failing. We are afraid of simple lives, clear spaces, true values, and the consequence is an incongruous jumble."
  • [1906-06-30 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 30 June 1906, Saturday: 26 [of 38], Cols. 1A–3B (behind paywall: Reported word count: 520. Ascot was great except for the "motors," which were "smothered in dust, and their owners, at least who owned open cars, must have suffered severely."; "Dress was bewilderingly beautiful. ... Black and white muslin was worn by Mme. d'Hautpoul and Princess Teano. White was preferred by Lady Carnarvon, Lady Mary Acheson, Lady Dudley, and others," Queen Alexandra wasn't there; the Prince and Princess of Wales went to Spain for the wedding "unpleasantly diversified by the bomb incident," and then to the coronation in Norway; burglars are very active near Ascot, and pickpockets are very good at what they do at the racecourse; in the summer some people take a vacation by picking strawberries, peas and hops instead of doing their work in the city: "I recommend young ladies who possess a garden to pick their own peas, strawberries and currants.
  • [1906-09-01 Graphic] Greville, Violet Lady. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 1 September 1906, Saturday: 24 [of 32], Cols. 1B–, 26, Col. 1A (behind paywall: Reported word count: 195. Visit of King Alfonso and Queen of Spain to Scotland; women who do lace making, embroidery or type writing could make salmon flies, even in drawing rooms, though women do make trout flies; / the "death of Mrs. Craigie" / and musing about mental labor and women, Russian mathematician; foibles of authors; "Snapshotting photographer": "The camera has taken the place of the valet de chambre, to whom no man is a hero."
  • [1909-02-20] Greville, Lady Violet. "Place aux Dames." The Graphic 20 February 1909, Saturday: 20 [of 32], Col, 1B–1C (behind paywall: French women's automobiles (or "motors," as she calls them; the Directoire Dress; "Evils of Women's Work," esp. the comment about women reducing the wages because they get paid less.
  • [1909-02-21 New York Times] Graphic article mentioned in "Blames American Brides. Lady Greville Says They Have Upset English Society," "Special Correspondence." New York Times 21 February 1909: C4 <quote>Lady Greville's outburst is really of importance only as an indication of the opinions that are held in certain society. For some reason or another, this particular clique seems to have taken exception to the marriage of Lord Granary to Miss Mills. This set is much concerned with politics, and the King's Master of the Horse may discover that his political advancement is hampered by the wire-pulling of enemies within his own camp.</quote> (1909-02-21 New York Times).
  • [1909-03] "Society and Its Morals." Cassell’s March 1909.

Undated[edit | edit source]

  • Greville, Violet. "The first railway to be opened in Cyprus." "Place aux Dames" ([rpt] 2012).
  • Greville, Lady Violet. "Sunshine of the Sick Poor, The." Good Words, Vol. 22: 693-696.
  • Greville, Lady. "Victorian Dianas." With Rifle and Petticoat: Women as Big Game Hunters, 1880-1940 (2002): 17.
  • [Greville, Lady Violet. or was it published anonymously?]. [unknown]. Dramatic Review [unknown]. From the inteview in The Sketch: <quote>it is a particular turn of mind to see a thing dramatically; the novelist may or may not possess this quality of mind, but the playwright must</quote> (1894-04-04 Sketch).

Exchange Papers[edit | edit source]

The Victoria Library for Gentlewomen, ed. W. H. Davenport Adams (London: Henry & Co.)[edit | edit source]

Solid binding in green cloth with gilt decoration around spine. Frontispiece tissue-guard. "Under the patronage of H.M. the Queen and H.R.H. the Princess of Wales." The Gentlewoman in Society, by Lady Violet Greville. London: Henry & Co., 1891.

  • Blurb from the Globe quoted in an advertisement in British Books: <quote>"The Victoria Library for Gentlewomen" makes a good beginning. It opens with a volume on "The Gentlewoman in Society," from the pen of Lady Greville. The subject could not have been in better hands. Lady Greville knows Society thoroughly, and she knows, moreover, how to describe it with vivacity. In the volume before us there is not a dull page. Lady Greville has something to say that is either fresh in itself or freshly stated. There is nothing bitter in these lively pages, no cynicism for the sake of cynicism, no formal posting as a moral satirist; but the writer has, and permits, no illusions; she portrays Society exactly as it is, putting into her work just that slight flavour of acidity which given "tone," and is at the same time so pleasing to the jaded palate.</quote> (1892-04-16 British Books).
  • Review from The Spectator: <quote>THERE seems to be a wish on the part of certain English ladies to revive an old English word which has fallen almost entirely into disuse, a "gentlewoman." In that portion of the current literature of to-day which is written by ladies for the perusal of other ladies, the term is becoming more and more frequent, and is employed, we suspect, as a kind of protest against the universal and rather indiscriminate use that is made of the word "lady." Every woman is a lady now,' these good people seem to say; 'therefore it behoves us to call ourselves by some other name; we will be "gentlewomen," and the young persons who serve behind bars and counters may be ladies if they please.' There is no fault to be found with the word itself; still, we cannot but think that it is a pity to revive it, especially for that reason. The word "gentleman," in its invidious sense, is becoming every day more rare, and we have good reason to congratulate ourselves upon the fact: the ladies would have been better advised if they too had acquiesced without protest in the common assumption of their distinctive title, and had tried to view with pleasure the breaking down of old barriers. As it is, they seem to have sought refuge in the word "gentlewoman;" and among other signs of this change, we are promised a series of books, — "The Victoria Library for Gentlewomen," of which the first, The Gentlewoman in Society, now lies before us, and which will have for their object the description of "real gentlewomen" for the benefit and instruction of others. Lady Violet Greville, the author of the first of this series, can hardly be congratulated upon the success of her contribution to it. It is evident that she wished to make her volume Something better than the books of "etiquette" which can sometimes be picked up on railway bookstalls, and which instruct the vulgar herd as to the manners of society, and the correct ways of taking soup, or entering a ball-room. With this end in view, she enters into lengthy dissertations upon society as it appears to her, and upon the place that is filled in by her own sex. Happily, for her sex, we consider that neither the picture that she draws of our society, nor that of the "gentlewoman" who lives in it, is very true to the real facts of the case. Society is something more than "an aggregate of leisured men and women," as she calls it: leisure and freedom from the necessity of labour is not its chief qualification, nor are its ends quite so futile as Lady Violet Greville might lead us to believe. The "gentlewoman," too, is, we hope, something better than the lady whom the author describes with such gusto. We cannot but think that a love of fine-writing has tempted the author more than once to let her pen ran away with her, and that a great many of the opinions and the senti- ments that she gives vent to are not really her own, but are put down in order to adorn the tale. Occasionally there is a fair substratum of truth in her description of the character and manners of the woman of to-day — a description which is often far from flattering — also there is a fair amount of common-sense and shrewdness in the advice that she offers to her readers; but both her indictment and her advice are so overlaid with luxuriant and exaggerated language which means little or nothing at all, that we fear her readers will have some difficulty in sifting out the wheat of her actual and original observation from the chaff with which she has mixed it. [...] The most jarring note in Lady Violet Greville's book is struck by her ill-concealed contempt for "outsiders," — whether these unfortunate people owe their outside position in society to their poverty, or to their want of birth or influence. She is more amusing, however, when she comes to catalogue them. In a chapter, which is curiously and reverently entitled "In the Shadow of the Throne," she describes with bated breath the splendid mysteries of a presentation at Court, and laments the fact that all kinds and conditions of people think themselves good enough to receive this supreme honour. "Rich merchants; people in business; country squires; American cousins; people of no estimation except in their own," — all these press forward in their anxiety to make their bow to their Sovereign; although, forsooth, they are "never under any possible circumstances likely to be invited to State balls or parties." Fleas are not lobsters, as the homely adage says, — but there is no reason to remind them of the fact; even though they are only rich merchants and country squires. On the whole, however, Lady Violet Greville's treatment of her subject is inoffensive enough, though we cannot think her impressions were very worthy of record, or that she has succeeded in going very deep into the inner nature of the society of which she writes. Both her style and her language are extremely florid and ornate, and some of her sentiments are very beautiful. As a contribution to contemporary philosophy, we fear that her work is hardly of a sufficiently serious and weighty nature. As a handbook of etiquette for the instruction of "outsiders," it would have been more useful if it had dealt more fully with details of conduct.</quote> (1892-03-12 Spectator)
  • From The Primrose League Gazette 14 November 1891: 12: <quote>THE first volume of the Victoria Library for Gentlewomen has just been published by Messrs, Henry & Co., of Bouverie-street. It is entitled, "The Gentlewoman in Society," and is from the pen of Lady Greville, who treats of the life of the Society child, girl, and woman; the round of social duties, amusements, dinners, and other functions; dress, entertaining society bores, and last, though not least, "the gentle art of flirtation." The life of the Society woman thus sketched from the inside by one whose qualifications for the task are indisputable is sure to interest a large number of readers, both within and without the charmed circle. The book is written in a light and eminently readable style, in which a piquant vein of feminine cynicism occasionally predominates; and in regard to the minor, but btill important, matters of type, printing, and binding, the publishers have dono their part excellently.</quote> (1891-11-14 Primrose).

The Gentlewoman's Book of Hygiene, by Kate Mitchell, M.D. London: Henry & Co., 1892.

The Gentlewoman's Book of Sports. I. With Contributions on Fishing, Boating, Swimming, Skating, Cricket, Golf, Lawn Tennis, Archery, &c. Edited by Lady Violet Greville. There is a Roman numeral "I" on the front cover of the first volume.

  1. Introduction, Lady Violet Greville [Reprinted in the London Library edition.]
  2. Trout-fishing, Lady Colin Campbell [Reprinted in the London Library edition.]
  3. Trout-fishing, Miss Starkey
  4. Salmon-angling, Mrs. Steuart-Menzies and 'Diane Chasseresse'
  5. Tarpon-fishing, Mrs. George T. [F.?] Stagg
  6. Sailing, Mrs. G. A. Schenley
  7. Swimming, Mrs. Samuel Samuda
  8. Skating, Miss Laura Cannan [Caunan?]
  9. Lawn tennis, Mrs. Hillyard [Hilliard?]
  10. Cricket, Lady Milner [Reprinted in the London Library edition.]
  11. Archery, Mrs. C. Bowley [Reprinted in the London Library edition.]
  12. Fencing, Lady Colin Campbell
  13. Boating and Sculling, Miss A. D. Mackenzie [Reprinted in the London Library edition, not mentioned in the contemporary reviews.]
  14. Golf, Miss Alice M. Stewart [Reprinted in the London Library edition, not mentioned in the contemporary reviews.]
  • Blurb from the Daily Telegraph quoted in the advertisement in British Books: <quote>The fair contributors who have enlisted under Lady Greville's banner can, one and all, lay claim to special knowledge of their several subjects. They write with the air and confidence of experts upon a variety of themes, ranging from trout fishing to fencing. As a matter of course, sailing, scaling, swimming, and skating are all included in the list of pursuits which a young lady of to-day may cultivate with advantage; while such pastimes as cricket and golf, which have been more recently accorded places within the feminine sphere, are lucidly and sensibly treated by Lady Milner and Miss A. M. Stewart. The chapters on fishing, from the pens of Lady Colin Campbell, Miss Starkey, Mrs. Stewart-Menzies, and "Diana Chassereese," are particularly well done. Indeed, the entire book, which, without being a series of condensed treaties, contains abundant practical information, should find a host of readers among English girls with a taste for healthy and enjoyable exercise.</quote> (1892-04-16 British Books).
  • Blurb from British Books: <quote>We fancy that this work will be something of a revelation to the ordinary male reader. He will doubtless not have supposed that women are such adepts at the sports he himself affects. Lady Colin Campbell and Miss Starkey write of Trout-fishing; Mrs. Steuart Menzies and 'Dianne Chasseresse' discuss the best method of hooking the playful Salmon; Mrs. G. A. Schenley explains the niceties of Sailing; Miss A. D. Mackenzie takes charge of the Boating and Sculling department; Mrs. Samuda discourses of Swimming; and Lady Milner reveals the mysteries of 'Cricket'; while other pastimes are taken charge of by equally reliable writers. We notice that in the majority of the articles considerable attention is devoted to the very important subject of dress.</quote> (1892-04-16 British Books: 437).
  • Blurb from Field: <quote>It is impossible to deny to each of the thirteen ladies who have, between them, compiled the volume, a perfect right to be considered an authority on the subject about which she writes. Lady Colin Campbell, who has already earned her spurs as a writer, leads the way with a chapter on trout-fishing. Miss Starkey follows on the same subject, and reveals herself an ardent angler. Salmon-angling receives no less enthusiastic treatment from the hands of Mrs. Steuart-Menzies and 'Diane Chasseresse.' Yet another chapter on angling commands attention, for it is written by Mrs. George T. Stagg, the lady who can each night lay her head upon her pillow with the consoling thought — to an angler — that she has caught the largest fish ever taken by rod and line, this being the 250 lb. tarpon taken last year. Mrs. Stagg's chapter naturally deals with tarpon-fishing. Sailing could not be in more appropriate hands than those of Mrs. G. A. Schenley, who last year sailed her 5-rater, the Windfall, with such success in the Solent; and a very breezy chapter is contributed. In writing upon swimming Mrs. Samuda reveals considerable experience of her subject. Skating by Miss Laura Cannan and lawn tennis by Mrs. Hillyard are succeeded by cricket by Lady Milner, who breaks new ground. It is needless to state that an accomplished archers like Mrs. Bowley has much to say; and Miss Alice M. Stewart gives many judicious hints to beginners at golf. The last chapter, on fencing, brings Lady Colin Campbell on the scene once more, and the volume is ended in scholarly fashion</quote> (Traill 211).

Two Aunts and a Nephew: A Novel. By Miss Betham Edwards.

The Gentlewoman at Home, by Mrs. Charlotte Talbot Coke. London: Henry & Co., 1892. (According to the 1894 British Books, will be published "next" [1892-04-16 British Books])

The Gentlewoman in the Garden, Mrs. Edith L. Chamberlain (according to the 1894 British Books, will be published "next" [1892-04-16 British Books])

The Gentlewoman's Book of Art Needlework, by Ellen T. Masters. London: Henry & Co., [1893].

The Gentlewoman's Book of Dress, by Mrs. Fanny Douglas. London: Henry & Co., 1894.

Works of Fiction, etc., etc., written for Gentlewomen, by Mrs. E. Lynn-Linton, Mrs. Alexander, Mrs. Burton-Harrison, Miss M. Betham-Edwards, Miss Emily Faithfull, Mrs. Fenwick Miller, Miss Iza Duffus-Hardy, Hon. Mrs. Henniker, and others.

The Gentlewoman's Book of Sports, with Illustrations, two vols., edited by Lady Violet Greville, with Contributions on Riding, Fencing, Shooting, Driving, Hunting, Fishing, Golf, Lawn Tennis, Gymnastics, Archery, etc., etc., by Her Grace the Duchess of Newcastle, the Marchioness of Breadalbane, Lady Colin Campbell, Lady St. Leonards, Lady Boynton, Mrs. George F. Stagg, Miss Stewart, Mrs. Samuel Samuda, Mrs. Hilliard, Miss Laura Caunan, "Diane Chasseresse," Miss Leale, and others.

The Gentlewoman's Music Book, by Miss Oliveria Prescott.

Gentlewomen of To-Day, sketched by other Gentlewomen.

The Gentlewoman's Book of Cuisine, by Mrs. De Salis.

Also works on Gardening, Painting, the Toilette, Art, Needlework, etc.

The ad also says that <quote>Her Majesty the Queen has been graciously pleased to sanction the use of the title "The Victoria Library," and to order two copies of each volume for the Royal Library.</quote> ([1891-08-22 Academy] "Notes and News."advertisement on p. 273 of The Gentlewoman in Society as Google Books paginates the volume)

According to a report in The Academy, <quote>Messrs. Henry & Co. have in preparation a new series, entitled "The Victoria Library for Gentlewomen," which will be written and illustrated exclusively by gentlewomen. The / Queen has ordered two copies of each volume for the royal library, and the Princess of Wales is also a subscriber. The first volume of the series, which will be ready in September, will be by Lady Violet Greville on The Gentlewoman in Society and she will be followed by Dr. Kate Mitchell, who will write on Hygiene for Gentlewomen. The claims of fiction will not be disregarded, arrangements having been made for new novels by, amongst others, Mrs. E. Lynn-Linton, Mrs. Alexander, Miss M. Betham-Edwards, Miss Iza Duffus-Hardy, and the author of the Anglo-Maniacs. Besides writing the first volume, Lady Greville will also edit two volumes devoted to Gentlewomen's Sports, the contributors to which will comprise, amongst others, the Marchioness of Bredalbane, Lady Colin Campbell, and Miss Leale. Other volumes include The Home, by Mrs. Talbot Coke, Culture for Gentlewomen, by Miss Emily Faithfull, also works on painting, music, gardening, &c.</quote> ([1891-08-22 Academy] "Notes and News.").

The Spectator reviewed.

Secondary Sources[edit | edit source]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch ( 30 December 2014), Beatrice Violet Graham, 22 Mar 1842; citing Welford, Northampton, England, reference item 1 p 61; FHL microfilm 2,000,020.
  2. "Lady Beatrice Violet Graham." "Person Page". Retrieved 2021-03-27.
  3. "Algernon William Fulke Greville, 2nd Baron Greville of Clonyn." "Person Page". Retrieved 2021-03-27.

Contemporary Secondary Sources and Letters[edit | edit source]

Scholarly Secondary Sources[edit | edit source]

Searching in Google Scholar for "Lady Violet Greville": now on p. 82.[edit | edit source]

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Probably Irrelevant, But Check[edit | edit source]

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Sports[edit | edit source]

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  • Myerscough, Keith. "Nymphs, Naiads and Natation." The International Journal of the History of Sport 29.13 (2012): 1907-1926.
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  • Smith, Nicholas D. "'Reel Women': Women and Angling in Eighteenth-Century England." The International Journal of the History of Sport 20.1 (2003): 28-49.
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  • Williams, Jean. A Contemporary History of Women's Sport, Part One: Sporting Women, 1850-1960. Vol. 3. Routledge, 2014. [pdf]
  • Withers, Jeremy. Culture on Two Wheels: The Bicycle in Literature and Film. U. of Nebraska Press, 2016: 76, n. 62.
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