Social Victorians/People/Knollys

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Knollys
  • Viscount Wallingford
    • General Rt. Hon. Sir William Thomas Knollys (1797–1813)[1]
  • Baron Knollys, of Caversham, co. Oxford [U.K.]
    • Francis Knollys, Baron Knollys (21 July 1902 – 15 August 1924)[2]
  • Viscount Knollys, of Caversham, co. Oxford [U.K.]
    • Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys (4 July 1911 – 15 August 1924)[2]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: British[3]

Residences[edit | edit source]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • General Rt. Hon. Sir William Thomas Knollys (1 August 1797 – 23 June 1883)[1]
  • Elizabeth St. Aubyn (before 1815 – 28 January 1878)[4]
    1. Mirabel Jane Knollys ( – 1 February 1922)
    2. Hon. Charlotte (Elizabeth Charlotte)[5] Knollys ( – 24 April 1930)
    3. Constance Knollys ( – 27 June 1903)
    4. Lt.-Col. William Wallingford Knollys (13 November 1833 – 13 August 1904)
    5. Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys (16 July 1837 – 15 August 1924)
    6. Sir Henry Knollys (20 June 1840 – 1 March 1930)
    7. Frederick Robert Knollys (23 August 1846 – 17 October 1926)
    8. Arthur Cyprian Knollys (18 June 1850 – 24 September 1890)


  • Lt.-Col. William Wallingford Knollys (13 November 1833 – 13 August 1904)
  • Sophia Elizabeth Tuckfield Goldsworthy (December 1840 – 7 December 1904)
    1. Beatrice Sophia Knollys (no later than 1885? – 23 June 1947)
    2. Emma Lettice Violet Knollys (no later than 1887? – 8 December 1925)
    3. Lt.-Col. Robert Walter Edmund Knollys (10 November 1872 – 17 July 1941)
    4. Major Frederick Roger Alexander Nicholas Knollys (1 December 1884 – 24 September 1915)


  • Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys (16 July 1837 – 15 August 1924)[2]
  • Hon. Arden Mary Tyrwhitt (2 September 1860 – 26 December 1922)
    1. Hon. Louvima[6] (Alexandra Louvima Elizabeth) Knollys (no later than 1890? – 30 May 1958)
    2. Edward George William Tyrwhitt Knollys, 2nd Viscount Knollys (16 January 1895 – 3 December 1966)


  • Sir Henry Knollys (20 June 1840 – 1 March 1930)
  • Louisa Elizabeth Eyre ( – 1888)[7]
  • Florence Mary Goodeve ( – 12 August 1954)[8]


  • Frederick Robert Knollys (23 August 1846 – 17 October 1926)
  • Laura Caroline Bristow (c. 1847 – 1873)[9]
    1. Katherine Elizabeth Knollys ( – 2 January 1936)
  • Rosalinda Eleanor Butler ( – 17 November 1876)[10]
  • Edith Mary Wood ()[11]

Relations[edit | edit source]

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Acquaintances[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

Enemies[edit | edit source]

Organizations[edit | edit source]

General Sir William Thomas Knollys[edit | edit source]

Hon. Elizabeth Charlotte Knollys[edit | edit source]

  • Bedchamber Woman, Household of Alexandra, Princess of Wales (1870)[5]
  • Woman of the Bedchamber, Household of Alexandra, Princess of Wales (1873–1901)[13]
  • By royal warrant granted the rank of daughter of a baron (1901)[5]
  • Woman of the Bedchamber, Household of Queen Alexandra (1873–1901)[13]

Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys[edit | edit source]

  • Secretary of the Treasurer, Household of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (1862–1870)[14]
  • Gentleman Usher, Household of Queen Victoria (1868–1901)[14]
  • Groom-in-Waiting, Household of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (1868–1901)[14]
  • Private Secretary, Household of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (1870–1901)[14]
  • Private Secretary, Household of King Edward VII and King George VI (1901–1913)[14]

Katherine Elizabeth Knollys[edit | edit source]

  • Lady-in-Waiting, Household of Queen Victoria[15]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1870, Frederick Robert Knollys and Laura Caroline Bristow married.[9]

1875 September 5, Frederick Robert Knollys and Rosalinda Eleanor Butler married.[10]

1876 August 8, Sir Henry Knollys and Louisa Elizabeth Eyre married.[7]

1881 December 6, Mirabel Jane Knollys and Major Charles Francis Baring Grey married.[16]

1882 May 18, Frederick Robert Knollys and Edith Mary Wood married.[11]

1882 June, Constance Knollys and Reverend Archibald Augustus Knollys married.[17]

1885, Arthur Cyprian Knollys and Florence Rose Wood married.[18]

1897 July 2, "The little daughter of Sir Francis and Lady Knollys"[19]:32, Col. 2a and a Miss Knollys attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball.

1898 October 4, Katherine Elizabeth Knollys and Reverend Edward John Nelson married.[15]

1907 May 9, Beatrice Sophia Knollys and Sir Capel Charles Wolseley, 9th Bt. married.[20]

1908 June 23, Emma Lettice Violet Knollys and Walter Turner Haydon married.[21]

1908 October 24, Robert Walter Edmund Knollys and Etheldred Mary Murray married.[22]

1909 January 20, Sir Henry Knollys and Florence Mary Goodeve married.[8]

1911 December 19, Hon. Louvima (Alexandra Louvima Elizabeth) Knollys and Captain Allan Keith Mackenzie married.[6]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Hon. Louvima Knollys bore the train of Alexandra, Princess of Wales as the Royals entered the ballroom: "The little daughter of Sir Francis and Lady Knollys bore Her Royal Highness's train, and was attired in white and gold."[19]:32, Col. 2a

Miss Knollys — probably Miss Charlotte (Elizabeth Charlotte) Knollys was there as attendant to Prince and Princess (Maud of Wales) Charles of Denmark (at 144 and 159).

Notes and Questions[edit | edit source]

  1. Elizabeth St. Aubyn was born before 1815, seven years before her parents married.[4]
  2. General Rt. Hon. Sir William Thomas Knollys died in the House of Lords.[1]
  3. I haven't given Hon. Louvima Knollys a number for the ball, as she would have been perhaps 7 years old, not a guest in the way the other guests were.
  4. Hon. Charlotte (Elizabeth Charlotte) Knollys did not marry, so she would have been Miss Knollys in 1897. In a report of a 1903 fire in Alexandra's bedroom at night, the Westminster Gazette says that Hon. Charlotte Knollys "is well known as the Queen's constant companion."[23] Discussing an upcoming honor to be conferred on Miss Knollys, the Dundee Courier says she, "of course, is the daughter of Lord Knollys, the King's private secretary, and one of the most kindly and considerate of Court officials," which would be Francis Knollys.[24] Charlotte's father died in 1883; Francis Knollys' daughter was Hon. Louvima (Alexandra Louvima Elizabeth) Knollys, who would not have been old enough, and on whom an honor was not conferred at this time. So I think the Dundee Courier has made a mistake here. Apparently Charlotte Knollys did more than just attend Alexandra. She is reported as having attended Princess Victoria of Wales as well as Princess Charles of Denmark (Princess Maud of Wales); this story from the Tamworth Herald cites the Onlooker about Charlotte Knollys' relationships and work with the entire family:
  5. Referring to the kindly relations subsisting between the Queen and Miss Knollys, the "Onlooker" states that all the Royal Family are devoted to Miss Knollys, and she has been the friend and confidante of all the young Princesses Wales, their playmate, as well sometimes instructress in various accomplishments not altogether to do with schooling. She is a wonderful linguist, and can speak several languages with the greatest fluency; she is a very fair artist, and has often accompanied the Queen on sketching epxeditions [sic]; while she excels in the graceful art of skating, and has been the instructress of most of the Royal children.[25]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "General Rt. Hon. Sir William Thomas Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  3. "Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys". Wikipedia. 2021-04-25. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francis_Knollys,_1st_Viscount_Knollys&oldid=1019791020. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elizabeth St. Aubyn." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Hon. Elizabeth Charlotte Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Hon. Alexandra Louvima Elizabeth Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Louisa Elizabeth Eyre." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Florence Mary Goodeve." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Laura Caroline Bristow." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Rosalinda Eleanor Butler." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Edith Mary Wood." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 "William Knollys (British Army officer)". Wikipedia. 2021-04-28. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Knollys_(British_Army_officer)&oldid=1020312340. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Household of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra". Wikipedia. 2021-01-12. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Household_of_King_Edward_VII_and_Queen_Alexandra&oldid=999969018. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 "Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys". Wikipedia. 2021-04-25. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francis_Knollys,_1st_Viscount_Knollys&oldid=1019791020. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "Katherine Elizabeth Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  16. "Mirabel Jane Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  17. "Constance Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  18. "Florence Rose Wood." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  19. 19.0 19.1 “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0003340/18970710/155/0032.
  20. "Beatrice Sophia Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  21. "Emma Lettice Violet Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  22. "Lt.-Col. Robert Walter Edmund Knollys." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  23. "Fire at Sandringham. The Queen's Narrow Escape. Prompitude of Miss Knollys. Exciting Early Morning Scenes." Westminster Gazette 11 December 1903 Friday: 90 [of 16], Col. 1a [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0002947/19031211/102/0009.
  24. "Our London Letter." Dundee Courier 16 December 1903 Wednesday: 5 [of 8], Col. 1a–c [of 8]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000164/19031216/064/0005.
  25. Tamworth Herald 25 January 1902 Saturday: 6 [of 8], Col. 6c [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000484/19020125/057/0006.