Motivation and emotion/Book/2022/Fundamental attribution error and emotion

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fundamental Attribution Error and Emotion:
What is the relationship between the FAE and emotion?

Overview[edit | edit source]

Figure 1. People often attribute other's actions to their character or personality, instead of their circumstances.

The fundamental attribution error describes perceivers’ tendency to underestimate the impact of situational factors on human behaviour and to overestimate the impact of dispositional factors” – Bertram Gawronski, 2007

Examples[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Fundamental attribution error was created in 1977 by social psychologist Lee Ross – Bertram Gawronski, 2007

Jones and Harris (1967) hypothesised that people would attribute free-chosen behaviours to dispositions – Dr Saul McLeod, 2018

Emotions and fundamental attribution error[edit | edit source]

Case studies[edit | edit source]

Two studies attempted to document the occurrence of the psychological phenomenon known as the fundamental attribution error (FAE) in the audiovisual medium.

Emotional and the ultimate attribution error: a case study on the influence of specific emotions (fear and anger) on the ultimate attribution error.,of%20others%20(Ross%201977).

Other attribution biases[edit | edit source]

Culture bias[edit | edit source]

Actor/Observer difference[edit | edit source]

Dispositional attributions[edit | edit source]

Self-serving bias[edit | edit source]

Defensive attribution hypothesis[edit | edit source]

Cognitive dissonance theory[edit | edit source]

Counterarguments against fundamental attribution error[edit | edit source]

“The actor-observer hypothesis (which is closely linked to the fundamental attribution theory) is neither firmly established, nor robust” – Bertram F Malle, 2006.

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Fundamental attribution error and emotion (Book chapter, 2020)

References[edit | edit source]

1 internal = cognitive bias page

1 external = research gate paper

External links[edit | edit source]