Acceptance and Committment therapy (ACT) vs.Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(CBT)
Throughout the research is has become apparent that the difference between cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and ACT needs to be addressed.
The main difference is in how each therapy approaches behavior, ACT is more accepting of the distress and views the context in which behaviour is occurs to be problematic. Rather than, CBT which views emotions as dysfunctional and behaviour itself as problematic, with the intent to change cognition surrounding the problem. Both are goal directed and action focused as well as empirically based.
Relapse in anxiety disordered patients
Views cognition as faulty
Modifies content of cognition
contact with the present moment
Focused on changing maladaptive behaviour
self as context
Goal and problem focused
Arch, Eifert, Davies, Vilardaga, Rose & Craske, (2012). Hayes et al., 2013; Twohig,(2012)
Arch, J. J., Eifert, G. H., Davies, C., Vilardaga, J. C. P., Rose, R. D., & Craske, M. G. (2012). Randomized clinical trial of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) versus acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for mixed anxiety disorders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80, 750-765. Doi: 10.1037/a0028310
Hayes, S. C., Levin, M. E., Plumb-Vilardaga, J., Villatte, J. L., & Pistorello, J. (2013). Acceptance and commitment therapy and contextual behavioural science: Examining the progress of a distinctive model of behavioural and cognitive therapy. Behaviour Therapy, 44, 180-198. Doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2009.08.002
Twohig, M. P. (2012). Introduction: the basis of acceptance and commitment therapy. Cognitive and Behavioural Practice, 19, 499-507. Doi: 10.1016/j.cbpra.2012.04.003