Medicine/Teaching and learning

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Teaching and Learning Theories: Implications to Medical Education

Teaching and Learning Theories[edit]

We will discuss some major learning theories.

Behaviorism[edit]

Behaviorism leads to several implications in medical education:

  • Teacher centered – Content oriented
  • Experience and knowledge is external to learners
  • Curriculum designer distills and arranges this experience and knowledge

Cognitivism[edit]

Information Processing[edit]

Schema[edit]

Constructivism[edit]

Constructivism leads to several implications in medical education:

  • Student centered – Learning oriented
  • Learners acquire experience and knowledge in their lives
  • Curriculum designer provides an experience that will tap learner's values and ideas

Approaches to Teaching and Learning[edit]

Conception of Teaching[edit]

Instructional Design[edit]

Collaborative Learning & Peer Tutoring[edit]

Distance Teaching and Learning[edit]