Morpho-phonology 0.19.0[edit | edit source]
12 Roots are now only up to five consonants in length
15 "MONDADIC" should be "MONADIC"
15 MSS/DPL/RPV/A results in a value of -tţ-, which is phonotactically impermissible
15 [affiliation]/MDS is ambiguous with [affiliation]/ATV/A/RPV, and [affiliation]/MDC is ambiguous with [affiliation]/ATV/N/RPV.
16 "pm -> vmm" should maybe be "pm -> vvm"
16 Sec. 3.6.3 lists outdated Combination Referential Specification forms
18 Due to the -y- infix in level morphemes, modular adjuncts are always ambiguous when encoding any absolute level. For example, the adjunct "oyeha" could encode either just SPLa level or REG aspect + CRO valence
20 VxCs affix for Mood not found in docs; only Modular Adjunct and Mood Adjuncts available
22 The case accessor should read "the party by / thru which / whom X is subjectively interpreted / considered / described"
34 It is not pragmatic for an affix to scope above an entire formative; forms could instead mark scoping in concatenation chains
36 Modular adjunct slots 3 and 4 use a redundant Cn, which can simply be ň; Vh scoping is impractical (what does it mean to scope above Validation+Illocution+Expectation?) and is de facto given by affixual adjunct scoping
39 Agglomerative form v is ambiguous with pi/DET
39 Agglomerative form -tļ- is ambiguous with 2p/BEN+pi/NEU. i.e. an adjunct like ëstļu can parse as ë-s-tļ-u or as ë-s-t-ļ-u. Easily solved by eliminating -ļ- as a combining form for pi/NEU
43 due to geminate referential forms, a word like kapreomma is ambiguous, and may be parsed as k-a-pr-eomm-a, with a VxCs referential affix -eomm-, or as k-a-preo-mm-a with a -preo- referential CsVx and geminated Ca value. This can be resolved by banning referential affixes in slot V or by taking the Nomic -ç- form to form non-geminate forms, e.g. mm→mç, ll→lç, nn→nç, etc.
43 A second ambiguity concerning referential affixes: they are ambiguous with type three case accessors when the latter bear an adverbial case or a spatio-temporal II case. For example, kalöečwa could bear either a type three CON accessor or bear the referential Mx/N/BEN-CON. One solution would be to prohibit using Nomic in referential affixes. For consistency, we could ban all Ca modifications to referentials in affix form, similarly to how it's done in referential formatives
46 - In the definition of the Satiative bias, pleasure is misspelled
46 Section 4.9 - Parsing Adjunct says to refer back to Section 2.2 Paragraph 5, when it means Section 2.3 Paragraph 5.
51 Section 5.4 - Relative Clause Formation contains a superfluous note saying that default values in the linear analysis haven't been included, when this has been the case throughout the document.
54 Section 5.6 - Mmiäxainļ should be Mmiexainļ; Nniexainļ should be Nnioxainļ; Ňňeoxainļ should be Ňňeöxainļ
55 Section 5.7 - hwelu-azčojhaillöelyá should be hrelu-azčojhaillöelyá; Kšölaelwêi should be kšölaölwêi
57 Section 6.0 - ksialärsirwa should be wuksärsëirwa; ksialärsëirwiasta should be wuksärsëirwiasta; SPT/5 affix -irw- should be SPT/5 affix -ëirw-
57 Section 6.1 - wurḑaušš should be wurḑauj
60 Irtysh should be transliterated "irtiš", Rio Grande should be transliterated "grande", and"riyadh" should be "Riyadh" (with a capital R); if so, Yangtze River should be "caň" instead of "caňčyaň" which means "Long river", parallel to hwaň "Yellow river";
60 phwära hle’e should be phwära hle’i;
60 Ithkuil phonotactic restraints do not apply as long as the name is pronounceable. According to this principle, hönkoň should be made höňkoň for Hong Kong, parallel to čuňkwo for China; Likewise tuňkwan for Dongguan
62 Papua New Gunea should be Papua New Guinea
62 Are Liberia laibirya and Malaysia mëleisya English pronunciations with local accents? Why using -a instead of schwa?
62 romênia should be romênìa for Romania?; tonga should be toňa
62 saintvinsentangrénadinz for St. Vincent & the Grenadines should be seintvinsentangrénadinz as seintkicannevis for Saint Kitts & Nevis
63 hlaḑtáu-eḑtëila hi kongo has a typo in hlaḑtáu-eḑtila hi kongo; Also, this seems to make more sense: T1-S1-“democratic government“-OBJ-ASI—S2-“republican government“-OBJ?
Roots 0.5.1[edit | edit source]
005 the third example for -Č- is missing a closing parenthesis
007 Sec. 1.4 lacks a root for frame category and -LMPY- can include concatenation type
009 CTE of -LŢT- has a typo in pursue
033 S3 of -ẒŘ- should be extrusion
024/042 -TV- is similar to -LDR- and -RTV- is similar to -DRR-
038 -LČW- has a typo in hypothesizing
054 S3 of -THW- should not include "utilizing"
057 S3/OBJ of -JJ- should be the medium in which a depression is made
060/209 -MSY- is shared between "energy output differential or redirection via gear mechanism" and "pleasant/mellifluous sound"
062 -ÇJ- is not permissible as a root
067 S3 of -CY- has a typo in crowd
069 S3 of -RPĻ- can include "e.g. twisting/turning a wheel left/right" and S3 of -LXR- can include "e.g. rolling/raveling up a carpet" as examples
072 S2 of -ŇM- should refer to application of gel-like substance [CPT: foam/froth]
072 S3 of -ŇFY- is defined on page 315; lacquer can be used instead
072 -ŇFY- should be merged into one stem; poultice and organic oil can be added
072 -ŇFL- can be 1. disinfectant/sterilant 2. insecticide/pesticide 3. insect repellant; -ŇFR- can be sunscreen, moisturizer/emollient, bronzer;
076 S2 of -SXR- can refer to massaging/scratching/rubbing together, with brushing being moved to S1
083 -FÇT- has stray ` marks and -LZDR- has a typo
084 CTE of -SSV- is missing
085 S1 of -KŢG- can be screen/display, because computing device is similar to S1 of -KŢGW-
085 -KŢGY- can instead be 1. program/app/software 2. firmware 3. operating system
086 S2 of -KŢGR- should refer to the transformation/compilation of instructions/text into a different format for a computer to execute
086 S2 of -KŢGL- should read "lambda calculus representation"
087/131 -ŠGW- is shared between "cup/bowl/measuring cup" and "detention/confiscation/usurpation"
088 -ŇSL- should be electrical socket
093 OBJ of -ŽTĻ- should be an individual stair
102 S3 of -Ţ- can refer to the opposing direction or origin from which something emerges, so that S0 can refer to the general vicinity of a position
104 -F- is missing a hyphen
110 OBJ/2 of -KM- should be that to which one is (intended to be) early
111 -LPŠ- has a typo in refreshed
118 the stems of -MSX- do not translate into different languages; -VLL- is sufficient
121 -VŽŘ- has a typo in "metonym" in the root title
129 -NN- refers to a root present on pg. 33
135 S2 of -NXW- has a typo in destination
136 -ŠČ- has an extra hyphen
152 S2 of -BČ- has redundant phrases , by legal adoption, or long-term informal adoption]
153 -SR- and -LH- have stray slashes
160 -ŠF- can list "understatement" as a derivation
172 -MBR- is missing a bracket and has a hyphen in achieving
174 -ŽT- has a hyphen in unobtrusive
175 -VSP- is missing brackets around CPT
178 -PŠX- has an extra space in the root expression, and also a missing space in "behavior toward"
179/236 -RXŢ- is already shown through -RTK-
205 -ÇŢ- can include whiff, woosh, and sizzle; -ĻB- can include drip drop
211 the musical note affixes have outdated values
217 S2 of -ÇÇKL- can also be spelled "khene"
219/339 S2 of -ŽG- should be olfactory bulb so that the note on -LMW- can be removed
221 -ŠP- refers to informal designation and the paragraph below the color roots refers to incorporating instead of concatenating
224/293 -VR- should switch values with -VC- to match its affix value
224 -BŢ- should be patterned as a "degree of" root
225 -XẒ- can include "lint/pollen/ash/soot-like", -SG- can include "silky", and -ḐĻ- has odd punctuation
231 Section 4.5.7 has a typo in "The 13 roots below..."
237 -LTW- contains misspelling of "camaraderie"
240 -ZGL- contains an extra "to"
248/252 -TGL- is shared between "spear/pike" and "cue stick/broom (curling)/jump rope"
249 -JTÇ- has an extra slash
253 -ŢSKL- contains possible misspelling in xiangqi
256/257 "parasailing" is shared between stem 2 of -ĻKY- and stem 2 of -ÇÇTL-
256/257 "snowkiting" is shared between stem 2 of -ĻKÇ- and stem 2 of -ÇÇTW-
268 -KSTR- has stems 2 and 3 switched and a typo in accessing
271 -FM- is missing a closing parenthesis
280 S2 of -MTW- is missing a closing parenthesis and -KKY- incorrectly uses the term neutronium
284 OBJ of biome roots should be "the impact of X on its surrounding environment."
285 -VŇ- makes a difference between canyon and gorge; perhaps gully can be used
285 OBJ of -VŇ- should be "...a particular (i.e, named) valley
291 stems of -FPH- should line up with those of -FŠR-
301/451 -FBL- is shared between "spiked circle" and "Adegphagan beetle 3"
303/451 -FBR- is shared between "3-dimensional spiked spheroid" and "Adegphagan beetle 4"
306 CPT forms of -RẒ- can refer to the oxidation states of zero, oxidized, and reduced ions
311 The following roots most likely follow -RẒB- instead of -RẒ-
311 There are 2 roots for baking soda: -ÇPF- and -DPF-
312 -MSDŘ- has a typo in "carcinoembryonic antigen"
312 "vitamin B3" is shared among -PFKW-, -PFKN- and -PFKH-
312 -PFKÇ- has a typo in pyridoxine
312 -PFKM- has an extra comma
312 -PFGR- has a typo in phylloquinone
312 -ŇTPŢ- has a typo in calcitonin
312 -MSGY- has a typo in dehydroepiandrosterone
312 "hemoglobin" is shared between -MFBL- and -MFBŘ-
313 "gastrin" is shared between -ŇFPF- and -ŇFPĻ-
313 -MSV- has a typo in fibrinogen
320/322 -NDK- is shared between "guava/finger cherry" and "allspice"
322/350 -MŽDY- is shared between "stevia" and "rotator cuff"
323 there is a typo in "vegetables"
324 -CK- is not alphabetized
325 The legumes and nuts section is missing S1 of -NḐKN- macadamia nut
332 S1 of -ŇPY- not yet changed to new meanings
335 S2 of -TÇŇ- can be derived by concatenating positional roots; armpit works instead
335 -TÇŇ- has a typo in knee
337/502 -GZG- is shared between small intestine and Hydrangeaceae
338 S3 of -DDV- can list concatenation with -PFW- for "premolar"
341 S3 of -LPÇN- should be monocyte
342 distal carpal bones are missing; S3 of -LÇTY- should be replaced with 'hamate' (so that the carpal and tarsal bone roots are analogous) and -LÇTW-- should be changed to 1. metacarpal/metatarsal 2. 1st, 2nd, or 3rd cuneiform/trapezium, trapezoid, or capitate 3. cuboid/triquetrum; if this should be split into two roots, -LÇTL- can be overwritten because malleoli are mere bone features
342 -LÇPW- and -LÇPL- both include talus; S1 of -LÇTR- can be replaced with pubic symphysis
343 -LÇFN- should be 1. humerus 2. radius 3. ulna to parallel 1. femur 2. tibia 3. fibula
343 -LÇFR- has a typo in caracoid
344 S3 of -LTÇL- has a 1
345 DYN function can refer to muscle contraction or ligament pulling
345 S2 of -MZXR- has a typo
347 S2 of -MZKY- has a typo in genus
352 -MŽPŢ- shouldn't refer to the uvula itself; since hard palate is given by -LTÇR-, -LDN- should take uvula
354 the titles of -MÇFW- and -MÇFY- names don't match up
357/358 "radial collateral ligament" is shared between S2 of -KŢTL- and S3 of -KŢTH-; more specification needed
357 "ulnar collateral ligament" is shared between S2 of -KŢTR- and S3 of -KŢTÇ-; more specification needed
358 -PŢTW- is missing a closing parenthesis
362 -ŇNY- and -PSX- both list palpitation
380/386 -MMŠTL- and -ŇŇŠPR- are duplicates of -GZDR-
386 -ŇŇSKH- has a typo
388 -ŇŇZDL- has a typo
401 PZE degrees 3-9 and MZE degrees 2-9 should use 'period' instead of 'epoch'
401 MZE/4 has a typo in Triassic
402/463 OBJ specification between animals and plants differs, making it unclear for other lifeforms
403 -NÇV- erroneously listed "Beira" as the generic name for beira; correct generic name should be "Dorcatragus" instead
404 -ČTF- has a typo in "Mephitis"
405 -VḐ- is missing [stem unassigned]
406 S1 of -BZL- is missing the genera Poliocitellus & Sciurotamias, and S2 has Scirillus instead of Syntheosciurus
407 BZKH- is missing a parenthesis and has an extra comma
407 -BZKÇ- has a misspelling in "Calomyscus"
408 -LGY- has an extra apostrophe
416 -MSKW- thru -MSKL- are the only avian roots built upon an unrelated root (-MSK- necessity)
420 -ŇSGŘ- and -NSKF- are missing [stem unassigned] and in S1 of -NSKY- Stiphromis should be Stiphrornis
424 S2 of -PSTY- has a typo in ginbuna and is missing koi, and -PSTĻ- has an additional stem 3
424 -RPSTL- has a typo in Psilorhynchus
425 -ŘPSNW- has a typo in voladora
428 the second instance of -PŢSP- should be -PŢST-
439 -KFŘ- has an extra closing parenthesis
447 S3 of -ḐPĻ- has a redundant “mantis”
458 -ŘZBY- should have a III
462 S2 of -LZVW- has an extra parenthesis
468 S2 of -SŢW- has an extra parenthesis
470 S3 of -NÇPY- has a typo in ginger
478 -FTL- is missing [stem unassigned]
482 S3 of -RŽTW- is missing tarragon
485 -ŇZBW- is missing [stem unassigned] and -ŇZBL- and -ŇZBR- have an unresolved duplicate
486 S1 of -RẒL- has a typo in Taraxacum
491 -FŠPÇ- has a typo in Lamium and -FŠPS- is missing [stem unassigned]
520 -ŇSXM- is missing descriptions
526 Missing: ‘FABOIDEAE’ XVIII 1. (genus Marina) false prairie-clover 2. (genus Parryella) common dunebroom 3. (genus Psorothamnus) indigo bush, dalea, smoketree / smokethorn
527 -ŘPTHW- is a duplicate of -ŘTP-
531 There are two forms of -LMÇN- ‘EUPHORBIACEAE’ VII and S1 of -RMÇL- and -RMÇR- are the same
542 -SSW- has a typo in Peperomia
543 -RJGY- has a typo in physodermataceous and -RJGL- is missing an open parenthesis
(-RJGL- and -RJGḐ- both include basidiobolaceous fungus, but who knows how the spelling should differ?)
543 -RJTL- redundantly lists phaeohyphomycosis twice
544 S3 of -RJTH- should list Claviceps, making -RJTHW- ‘SORDARIOMYCETES’ III S1. Xylaria 2. Colletotrichum 3. other sordariomycetes fungus
544 -RJXN- has an extra semicolon
546 -PŢPY- includes [stem unassigned] but the fungal family continues into a fourth root
547 -LVMY- is numbered but -BZVY- -BZVW- -NZGY- -NZGL- aren't numbered
547 S1 of -NZGW- uses "genus" and S2 of -BZDV- repeats "fungus"
549 S2 of -LMḐN- should read "(Sagenista, including Labyrinthulomycetes and Eogyrea; several genera)"
550 -NŢKÇ- should read ‘COLPODEA’ II
551 -NŢPR- and -NŢPŘ- share stems 2 and 3, and -NŢPĻ- should be numbered IX
552 S1 of -NŢFR- is capitalized, -RMT- is partially missing stems, and -RMTÇ- and -RMTF- are not numbered
553 -ŇŠKL- is partially missing its stems
556 -LMŠ- is shared between "fusobacteria" and "other bacteria 1"
557 S2 of -RŠTY- includes a number as part of the genus
557 S2 of -LFMW- should have HSV-1 instead of HHV-1
557 S1 of -LFMY- should have papiine betaherpesvirus 3/4 instead of panine betaherpesvirus 3/4
558 -RŠTF- has a typo in Cressdnaviricota
561 S1 of -NXPR- has a typo in spotted orthotospovirus and S3 of -NXFW- has a typo in metapneumovirus
563 -PSFR- has a typo in virus and in
563 -RCXW- should be SPHAEROLIPOVIRIDAE 1. Alphasphaerolipovirus 2. Yingchengvirus 3. Hukuchivirus
564 -FŠTM- has a typo in Virtovirus
Affixes 0.7.5[edit | edit source]
006 DCD hasn't been updated re: the split of Obviative (it also still uses the term "PRA")
011 TD2/6 should be "for a few months"
012 STT degrees 4 and 6 can be removed to have degrees 1 and 9 be ereyesterday and overmorrow
014 CYC/CYL recurrence affixes are not needed because FQC/FQL can be used without a number to imply 1
019 for P07*, it should be "position at +X / 0 / 0" instead of "position at -X / 0 / 0"
020 there are the affixes corresponding to the 3 following roots not included in the affixes doc: -ČḐ- ‘INTERNAL POINT-LIKE INTERIOR VERTEX/“CORNER” OF AN ENTITY’, -XḐR- ‘EXTERNAL LINEAR OUTWARD-FACING “CORNER” EDGE OR “CORNER” SPACE OF AN ENTITY’, -ČḐR- ‘INTERNAL LINEAR INTERIOR “CORNER” EDGE OR “CORNER” SPACE OF AN ENTITY’
051 in the NOTE, XXX should be change to EFP
059 HND values have symmetric duplicates
75/110 the KBP and ENS affixes share the same value
082 IEC has redundant specifications when interpreted as a root
084 TCT doesn't have a Cs value
104 NCD and NCE are not updated with Agglomerative perspective
107 the section name above PG1 has a typo in Differentiation
110 OBN/6 is not pluralized
114 PZE degrees 3-9 and MZE degrees 2-9 should use 'period' instead of 'epoch'
115 MZE/4 has a typo in Triassic
122 KIN is a geminate form, leading to confusion with Ca
140 GPB/6 carboxy- should be carboxylato-
140 GPD/1 has a typo in methylenedioxy
141 GPG/5 has two typos in borinic and di… borinic
141 GPG/7 has a typo in alkyllithium
141 GPG/7 has a typo in alkylmagnesium
141 GPH/9 has a typo in sulfanylidene-
142 GPJ/3 has two same values with the above GPH/9: carbonothioyl and sulfanylidene-
142 GPJ/6 has a typo in thioester
Phonotaxis[edit | edit source]
- ç should be an non-sibilant fricative, and it was instead misclassified as a sibilant fricative.
- ç is placed in the wrong position of the table PHONEMIC INVENTORY
- some prohibited conjuncts in sec. 2.9. lack preceding asterisks
- there is a stray ň above section 11
- -ÇÇ-, -ĻĻ-, -ŢŢ- are valid roots
- -ÇẒ- and -ÇJ- (already in use) are impermissible as a root/affix
- -ḐS-, -ḐŠ-, -ḐZ-, -ḐŽ- and -NŇ- are permissible as a root/affix
- kļ is listed as a valid root/affix but is indistinguishable from tļ
- the table for permissible biconsonanantal roots beginning with ç, c and ż should count 24 forms, and beginning with č and j should count 22 forms, so the total should be 684 instead of 679
Root Gaps[edit | edit source]
- a note should be made to conjugate pluralia tantum like scissors with DPX instead of noting individual roots
- mortar, pestle, stirrer, pipette, eyedropper, baster
- eyeshadow/eyeliner, mascara, rouge, lipstick/gloss/liner
- Artiopod (trilobite), Megacheira (great appendage arthropod), other extinct Arthropod (e.g. Dinocaridid)
- igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic rock
- plant fiber, thatching/wicker, rope
- stalagtite/stalagmite (ice, brine)
- volcano, geothermal vent, hot spring
- cumuliform/stratiform/cirriform cloud (stems concatenate for distinctions like stratocumulus, cirrocumulus, and cirrostratus; nimbus clouds have a tall/multilevel shape, alto clouds are in the middle of the troposphere)
- pasta/noodle, vinegar, icing/frosting, juice, gelatin, colloid
- caramel, molasses, toffee
- bite (front of mouth), chew (back of mouth)/masticate, swallow
- pad/compress/dressing, bandage, tape/patch/film
- extract/absolute/concrete, wax (MTÇ), essential oil
- pile carpet/mat/rug
- transistor, diode, LED;
- spring, crank, roller chain, sprocket, worm gear, Archimedes' screw
- segway/self-balancing scooter/oneway/dicycle
- dolly/barrow/hand truck, pallet truck, garage creeper, snowplow, snowblower
- pion, kaon, rho meson, eta meson, D-meson, B-meson, omega meson, phi meson, psion, upsilon meson, theta meson
- cape, hijab/shayla, balaclava, headband/bandana, scrunchie
- rest (as in, recover from tiredness without sleeping)
- Parts of the head: forehead, brow, temple
- The outer ear: ear, ear canal, earlobe; Auditory ossicles: stapes, incus, malleus; Inner ear: cochlea, vestibule, semicircular canal; Cochlear duct: basilar membrane, vestibular membrane, tectorial membrane; Vestibule: otolith, saccule, utricle; Semicircular canal: osseous ampula, ampullary cupola, hair cell;
- The front eye: cornea, lens, sclera; Uvea: iris, ciliary body, choroid; Back of eye: retina, macula, optic disk; Photoreceptor cell: cone cell, rod cell, intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion; Other eye part: eyelid, lacrimal gland, lacrimal sac
- The outer nose: ala (nostril area), philtrum, nasal bridge; Nasal cavity: nasal septum, nasal concha, nasal meatus; Other nose part: sinus, tonsil, eustachian tube
- The upper gastrointestinal tract: pharynx, esophagus, epiglottis; Respiratory system: trachea, bronchus, pulmonary alveolus; Linguistic system: larynx, vocal chord, glottis; Throat: hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage, cricoid cartilage
- Aotidae (night monkeys), Pitheciidae (titis, sakis, uakaris), Atelidae (howler monkeys, spider monkeys, muriquis, woolly monkeys)
- Boselaphus (nilgai), Tetracerus (four-horned antelope)
- Scotocerca (streaked scrub warbler), Erythrocercus (yellow flycatchers)
- Muscles: plantar fascia, semitendinosus, quadriceps femoris, articularis genus, vastus intermedius, quadratus femoris, adductor minimus
- Ligaments: superior ex. / fl. retinaculum, peroneous/fibular retinaculum, lateral retinaculum, medial patellar retinaculum, inguinal ligament, lacunar ligament, pectineal ligament
- Connective tissues: calcaneal tendon, labrum, pubic symphysis, tendinous intersection, linea alba, linea semilunaris
Affix Gaps[edit | edit source]
- degree of stretchiness/tightness/looseness/bagginess
- CNM/8 is a redundant form of the PAR case accessor
- associative plurals ("X together with the persons/things associated with it/them; X and co."), possibly patterned similarly to the OAU suffix; this may be used to derive a pronoun "we" from the first person singular pronoun, for example. (-çẓ and -çj are free Gradient 0 forms which could be suitable.)
WRITING SYSTEM FOR NEW ITHKUIL (December 2021)[edit | edit source]
02 "Vr Specification, Function, & Stem, plus Vv Designation & Version" should be "Vr Specification, Function, & Context, plus Vv Version & Stem"
11 "Vlanece" should be "Valence"