Introduction to Strategic Studies/Guerrilla
part of Strategic Studies
"In the process we lost sight of one of the cardinal maxims of guerrilla war: the guerrilla wins if he does not lose. The conventional army loses if it does not win."
An introduction to the nature, history, capacities and limitations of Guerilla warfare as a tool of state or non-state policy in proxy conflicts, civil wars, and conventional (inter-state) wars.
"The enemy advances, we retreat. The enemy camps, we harass. The enemy tires, we attack. The enemy retreats, we pursue."
Mao Zedong, Chinese General and Head of State.
"Guerrilla" comes from the Spanish diminuitive of the word "war," thus implying a meaning of "war in miniature." It is a strategy of avoiding pitched battles and engaging the enemy in such a way that he is forced to commit an asymmetric force to counter guerrilla attacks. This course covers the basics of guerrilla and invites discussion about what constitutes guerrilla warfare, how and when it is effective, and its relationship to radical ideology.
Please read one book from the following before the class lecture:
- Lawrence, T.E. Seven Pillars of Wisdom. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1963 (originally published 1926). ISBN 0-9546418-0-9
- Guevarra, Che. Guerrilla Wafare.
- Marighella, Carlos. Minimanual of the Urban Guerrilla.
Please read two articles from the following list by different authors, minimum, before beginning this class lecture:
- Clark, Major Jackie K. "Che Guevara: Fundamentals of Guerrilla Warfare". 1988.
- Mao Zedong. "Problems of Strategy in China's Revolutionary War". December, 1936.
- Mao Zedong. "Problems of Strategy in Guerrilla War Against Japan". May 1938.
"If the Tiger does not stop fighting the Elephant, the Elephant will die of exhaustion."
Guerrilla has been used for a lot longer than we often give it credit. It was key to British victory in the war of 1812, it sapped Napoleon of strength during the Peninsular War (where the term was coined), and has been a tool of proxy conflicts for almost two centuries.
The guerrilla project is a series of suggestions for learning activities in order to answer a few basic questions about the course and gain confidence with the material.
This will detail what has been learned and encourage you to add feedback to this page from your own experiences from the project.