Incomitant Strabismus

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Ruete's Ophthalmotrope, 1857

In this subject, students will build on concepts presented in Binocular Vision & Refraction, Concomitant Strabismus and Neuro-ophthalmology and Eye Movement Control. Students will develop an understanding of the aetiology, investigation, diagnosis, and management of incomitant strabismus and associated sensory consequences. Using an enquiry based learning program; students will integrate theoretical concepts with practical instrumentation and clinical techniques to apply optical, orthoptic, medical and surgical management for various types of strabismus in an evidence based medical context with multidisciplinary provisions (incorporating ophthalmology, neurology, radiology and endocrinology). This subject will equip students to progress to the Orthoptic Clinical Practice subjects.

Intended Learning Outcomes

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  1. Demonstrate an apprpriate use and application of discipline specific instrumentation to investigate incomitant strabismus and sensory consequences.
  2. Integrate information obtained from a case history and the results of a clinical investigation to differentially diagnose inconcomitant strabismus.
  3. Use evidence to devise a management plan and explain the prognosis for a patient diagnosed with inconcomitant strabismus.


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The assessment for this subject is as follows:

Two 30 mininute (mid-semester) written examinations (30%)

10 minute Practical/VIVA examination (End of Semester) (15%)

2.5 hour (end of semester) written examination (55%)

Hurdle Requirement: Both the practical examination overall and the 2.5 hour written examination must be passed in order to gain a pass in this subject.

Topics & Schedule

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Module 1: Clinical Investigations of Incomitant Strabismus
Module 2: Neurogenic Palsies
Module 3: Mechanical & Myogenic Strabismus

Learning Management System

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Students enrolled in this subject are directed to the Incomitant Strabismus Learning Management System website.


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This Wikiversity subject website has been developed by Dr Konstandina (Connie) Koklanis (BOrth(Hons), PhD) in consultation with Educational Designer Leigh Blackall. Thanks go to previous La Trobe University staff in the Discipline of Orthoptics for their contribution to the material in this subject, including Associate Professor Zoran Georgievski, Dr Julie Green, Linda Santamaria and Danielle Thorburn.