Film school:Narrative Dialog Editing:Story of Penny and Eggbert:L-Cuts 2

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An example for the course on Narrative Film Editing

Making the "L-Cut" decisions

Just to refresh your memory, here is how we create "L-Cuts":
1. Select the best sounding dialog, one piece of dialog at a time. Make your cuts half way between the dialog (where one actor stops and the next actor starts talking.)
2. Assemble the audio clips. Assuming the picture is not bad, accept whatever picture comes with the audio clip.
3. Lock the audio. It should sound totally natural even if the images looks medicre.
4. Roll the picture edits to find the best visual transition. The automatically creates "L-Cuts" when you roll the picture edit without changing the audio edit.
But where is the best visual transition? And what impact does "L-Cuts" have on the audience?
3D Universe Eggbert 135.png

Which direction is best?

Finding the best visual transition is just "trial and error" to get a good looking transition. However, there is somethign else you must think about.
1. Rolling a clip forward in time (to the right) shows the actor reacting to the next speaker.
2. Rolling a clip backward in time (to the left) shows the anticipation of the next speaker when the other actor finishes his or her lines.
In addition, there are other conciderations:
3. You can emphasize one actor or the other by showing both the reation and the anticipation of the one actor rather than the other.


The story of Penny and Eggbert
Intro: Penny & Egg Introduction Eggbert CU.png
Page #1: The story and script Oxygen480-categories-applications-office.svg
Page #2: The camera setups Crystal Clear app camera.png
Pop Quiz: Penny & Egg Pop Quiz #1 Nuvola apps kalarm.png
Page #3: The dailies Mplayer.svg
Page #4: The rough edit Edit-cut.svg
Page #5: "L-Cuts" Applications-accessories.svg
Page #6: Creating "L-Cuts #1" Applications-accessories.svg
Page #7: Creating "L-Cuts" #2 Applications-accessories.svg
Pop Quiz: Penny & Egg Pop Quiz #2 Nuvola apps kalarm.png
Page #8: Planning the film score Crystal Clear app knotify.png
Page #9: How to insert narrative music Musica clasicismo.png
Homework #1: Create the film score Crystal Clear app knotify.png
Homework #2: Editing the scene Edit-cut.svg


Note: Penny and Eggbert are 3D Poser models created by 3D Universe. For this lesson, these characters were posed and rendered with the free DAZ Studio.


Toon Penguin Percy 075 35mm.png Previously, you learned... Toon Penguin Percy 075 35mm.png


Repeat of a previous lesson



Our first step

First, we created the rough edit.

Just simple cuts based on the audio

Rough Edit

Penny and Eggbert Rough Edit 150.png

Here is the rough edit

Just three clips assembled together. Very easy!
Repeat of the previous lesson




Our second step

Then we looked at which "L-Cuts" are technically possible.

Which way to roll?

Think about rolling the picture edits

Edit No Roll90.png

We have four choices

We have four choices but one will create technical problems. Note:This is not actually true since you can at least fudge the first "peep" to appear to be in sync.)





Applications-accessories.svg The emotional impact of "L-Cuts"EmotiBase-point left 045.png


The first edit
Crystal Clear app kuser.png

The first edit point

We must make a decision about the first edit.

Straight cuts based on the audio


The First Edit

Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png


Who should we emphasize?

Should we emphasize Penny or Eggbert?


Here is the first edit rolled forward


→ → → Roll the picture edit to the right → → →


Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Penny Yells at Egg w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png

This emphasizes Eggbert

Do we want to emphasize Eggbert more than Penny?
Because Penny's lips are visible, this option will be very limited. To do this option, the sound track will have to be fudged. Even so, this option is limited to just the first "peep".
The decision about emphasizing Eggbert cannot be made until the next lesson (the pop quiz) where you decide what this scene means. That will help you decide if you want to emphasize Eggbert.


Or you can...


Here is the first edit rolled backward


← ← ← Roll the picture edit to the left ← ← ←


Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Penny Quiet OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png

This emphasizes Penny

Do we want to emphasize Penny?
The decision about emphasizing Penny cannot be made until the next lesson (the pop quiz) where you decide what this scene means. That will help you decide if you want to emphasize Penny.





Applications-accessories.svg The second editEmotiBase-point left 080.png


The second edit
Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

The second edit point

We must make a decision about the second edit.


Straight cuts based on the audio


The Second Edit

Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png


Who should we emphasize?

Should we emphasize Penny or Eggbert?
Here is the first edit rolled forward


→ → → Roll the picture edit to the right → → →


Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny Quiet OS Eggbert w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png

This emphasizes Penny

Do we want to emphasize Penny?
The decision about emphasizing Penny cannot be made until the next lesson (the pop quiz) where you decide what this scene means. That will help you decide if you want to emphasize Penny.


Or you can...


Here is the first edit rolled backward


← ← ← Roll the picture edit to the left ← ← ←


Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Eggbert Quiet OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png

This emphasizes Eggbert

Do we want to emphasize Eggbert?
The decision about emphasizing Eggbert cannot be made until the next lesson (the pop quiz) where you decide what this scene means. That will help you decide if you want to emphasize Eggbert.





Sweden road sign B2.svg You have to decideBlue check.svg


Art vs. technology
3D Universe Eggbert A.png

Artistic decisions

You have looked at the technology of "L-Cuts". Now you know which "L-Cuts" are technically possible.

But this does not tell you what you should do. Now you must make an artistic decision.

Not the technology of filmmaking ends and the art of filmmaking begins.

What does this movie mean?

Artistic choices

Edit No Roll90.png

We have a million choices

Technically, we have four choices. But artistically, we have a million choices.
Now the fun begins!
Now we must make some decisions
3D Universe Percy w cloths 3B.png

The pop quiz #2

To help make the decisions, we first will take another pop quiz. Click here to go to the next page.

If you have any questions

Your instructor for filmmaking classes is Robert Elliott.
If you have any question, click here to email me. Crystal Clear app xfmail.png