Film school:Narrative Dialog Editing:Story of Penny and Eggbert:L-Cuts

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

An example for the course on Narrative Film Editing


Eggbert CU.png

"L-Cuts"

When you edit dialog using the editing method explained at Wikiversity Film School, you create "L-Cut" automatically without even thinking about it. It is easy.
1. To create "L-Cuts", you first edit to get the best audio (the best sounding dialog) so it has a natural rhythm (back and forth, back and forth.) (Note: You already did this in the step called "The rough edit".)
2. Assuming the picture is not totally ugly, you ignore the picture while you create the rough edit. Whatever picture comes with the dialog (the actor's spoken words) is OK.
3. Once the audio sounds perfect, you lock the audio and roll each the picture edit to find the best visual transition. Rolling the picture edits will show either the anticipation or reaction of the listener.
Note: Rolling the picture edits does not change the length of the scene. For each frame you add to one clip, you automatically remove a frame from the other clip.
Note 2: And the audio never changes while you roll the picture edits.
It was easy!
Just by rolling the picture edits, you create "L-Cuts".
Easy! Let's take a look.
.
The story of Penny and Eggbert
Intro: Penny & Egg Introduction Eggbert CU.png
Page #1: The story and script Oxygen480-categories-applications-office.svg
Page #2: The camera setups Crystal Clear app camera.png
Pop Quiz: Penny & Egg Pop Quiz #1 Nuvola apps kalarm.png
Page #3: The dailies Mplayer.svg
Page #4: The rough edit Edit-cut.svg
Page #5: "L-Cuts" Applications-accessories.svg
Page #6: Creating "L-Cuts #1" Applications-accessories.svg
Page #7: Creating "L-Cuts" #2 Applications-accessories.svg
Pop Quiz: Penny & Egg Pop Quiz #2 Nuvola apps kalarm.png
Page #8: Planning the film score Crystal Clear app knotify.png
Page #9: How to insert narrative music Musica clasicismo.png
Homework #1: Create the film score Crystal Clear app knotify.png
Homework #2: Editing the scene Edit-cut.svg


Note: Penny and Eggbert are 3D Poser models created by 3D Universe. For this lesson, these characters were posed and rendered with the free DAZ Studio.

Step 1 - Do a rough edit based on the audio

EmotiBase-smile down 030.png

In the previous step

Previously, we created the rough edit. This picture to the right shows you what it looks like in the timeline.

There are just two edits in the entire scene. Very simple.

Just straight cuts based on the audio


Rough Edit

Penny and Eggbert Rough Edit 150.png

Here is the rough edit

In the rough edit, all cuts are done half way between sentences (between dialog). Also, the picture and the audio edits are at the same point in time. This is the most basic and simplest form of editing.

No destroyed frames

The most important thing to remember is all three clips are complete and whole. If we want to unroll any of these clips, there will be a complete master shot. By doing the rough edit, we have not destroyed any frames (unless we are using "HyperEngine-A/V version 1.5" which actually destroyed all the frames that were not visible. Dumb!) The missing frames are just hidden, ready for use at any time we roll the picture edit.


Applications-accessories.svg Look at the first editEmotiBase-point left 045.png

The first edit

Victoria 3 RR LE 000.png

The first edit point

There are only two edits in this entire movie. We start by looking at the first of these two edits.

Straight cuts based on the audio


The First Edit

Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png


The first two clips

The movie starts with Eggbert quacking at Penny. At exactly the point where Eggbert finishes is quacking, there is the firt rough edit. Then Penny begins to peep.

Here is the first edit

A close up view of the rough edit

The first edit point

Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png

Talking only

Eggbert is always talking in the first clip and Penny is always talking in the second clip.

Here is the first edit rolled forward

→ → → Roll the picture edit to the right → → →

Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Penny Yells at Egg w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png

Rolling the edit forward in time

When we roll the picture edit forward in time, we begin to see Eggbert listening and Penny talking in the two shot. Look at the frame marked in red.
Note: Later, we will learn that this is not good because we will loose sync after the first peep.
Remember: rolling the picture edit does not change the length of the movie. You are hiding one frame for each new frame you show.

Here is the first edit rolled backward

← ← ← Roll the picture edit to the left ← ← ←

Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Egg Yells at Penny w Back.png Penny Quiet OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png

Rolling the edit backward in time

When we roll the picture edit backward in time, we begin to see Penny listening while Eggbert is talking. See the frame marked in green.
We don't actually see Eggbert talking because his lips are not shown. That is good because then Eggbert can never be out of sync.
Remember: rolling the picture edit does not change the length of the movie. You are hiding one frame for each new frame you show.


Applications-accessories.svg Then look at the second editEmotiBase-point left 080.png

The second edit

Victoria 3 RR LE 080.png

The second edit point

Next we will look at the second edit of these two edits.

Straight cuts based on the audio


The Second Edit

Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png

The next two clips

When Penny finishes peeping, the final clip of Eggbert's quacking begins.

Here is the second edit of the Rough Edit

A close up view of the rough edit

The second edit point

Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png

Talking only

Penny is always talking in the clip before the edit and Eggbert is always talking in the clip after the edit.

Here is the first edit rolled forward

→ → → Roll the picture edit to the right → → →

Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny Quiet OS Eggbert w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png

Rolling the edit forward in time

When we roll the picture edit forward in time, we begin to see Penny listening and Eggbert talking in the two shot. Look at the frame marked in green.
Note: Later, we will learn that this is not good because we will loose sync after the first peep.
Remember: rolling the picture edit does not change the length of the movie. You are hiding one frame for each new frame you show.

Here is the first edit rolled backward

← ← ← Roll the picture edit to the left ← ← ←

Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Penny yells OS Eggbert w Back.png Eggbert Quiet OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png Eggbert Yells OS Penny w Back.png

Rolling the edit backward in time

When we roll the picture edit backward in time, we begin to see Eggbert listening while Penny is still talking. See the frame marked in Aqua.
We don't actually see Penny is talking because her lips are not shown. That is good because then Penny can never be out of sync.
Remember: rolling the picture edit does not change the length of the movie. You are hiding one frame for each new frame you show.

More about "L-Cuts"

3D Universe Percy w cloths 3B.png

The next page

We need to look at more details about "L-Cuts". Click here to go to the next page.

If you have any questions

Your instructor for filmmaking classes is Robert Elliott.
If you have any question, click here to email me. Crystal Clear app xfmail.png