Create a training and development plan/Design Phase
The Design Phase is the second phase of the ADDIE model. After thoroughly analyzing a performance gap in the Analyze Phase, you’ll now begin planning how training will be used to close that gap. By the end of the Design Phase, you should have a rough outline of what your training will look like.
- Compose learning objectives that are SMART and conform to the format "Performance + Condition + Criterion."
- Perform a task analysis in which you break down the learning objectives into supporting knowledge, skills, attitudes, and/or tasks.
- Choose an instructional strategy for training that facilitates associated learning objectives.
- Choose a format/modality for instruction that facilitates both the learning objective and chosen instructional strategy.
Why it Matters
Why should you bother to write learning objectives that conform to a (rather anal-retentive) format? What's a Bloom's verb, and why should you care? A narrative (example or scenario) that fleshes out the problem and/or hooks learners by resonating with their experience(s) might be useful.
- The ADDIE Design Phase, by J Clark Gardner. This YouTube video provides a visual and concise introduction to the ADDIE Design Phase.
- Robert Mager’s Performance Based Learning Objectives, by Jeffrey Dalto. An accessible introduction to writing performance objectives or learning objectives.
- Cognitive Task Analysis: Mapping the performance, by Don Clark. This is more in depth and broader in scope than what students will need, but it might suffice. One good thing is it describes how to do a task analysis for different types of tasks and knowledge.
An augmented version of the scenario from the Analyze Phase goes here (unless someone wants to write an entirely new scenario).