Computer Networks/Wide Area Networks

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This lesson introduces wide area networks, firewalls, access control, and remote access.

Objectives and Skills[edit]

Objectives and skills for the wide area networks, firewalls, access control, and remote access portion of Network+ certification include:[1]

  • Explain the characteristics and benefits of various WAN technologies
    • Fiber
      • SONET
      • DWDM
      • CWDM
    • Frame relay
    • Satellite
    • Broadband cable
    • DSL/ADSL
    • ISDN
    • ATM
    • PPP/Multilink PPP
    • MPLS
    • GSM/CDMA
      • LTE/4G
      • HSPA+
      • 3G
      • Edge
    • Dialup
    • WiMAX
    • Metro-Ethernet
    • Leased lines
      • T-1
      • T-3
      • E-1
      • E-3
      • OC3
      • OC12
    • Circuit switch vs packet switch
  • Given a scenario, deploy the appropriate wired connectivity standard
    • Broadband standards
      • DOCSIS
  • Given a scenario, install and configure a basic firewall
    • Types of firewalls
      • Host-based
      • Network-based
      • Software vs hardware
      • Application aware/context aware
      • Small office/home office firewall
      • Stateful vs stateless inspection
      • UTM
    • Settings/techniques
      • ACL
      • Virtual wire vs routed
      • DMZ
      • Implicit deny
      • Block/allow
        • Outbound traffic
        • Inbound traffic
      • Firewall placement
        • Internal/external
  • Explain the purpose of various network access control models
    • 802.1x
    • Posture assessment
    • Guest network
    • Persistent vs non-persistent agents
    • Quarantine network
    • Edge vs access control
  • Compare and contrast the use of networking services and applications
    • VPN
      • Site to site/host to site/host to host
      • Protocols
        • IPsec
        • GRE
        • SSL VPN
        • PTP/PPTP
    • TACACS/RADIUS
    • RAS
    • Web services
    • Unified voice services
    • Network controllers
  • Identify the basics elements of unified communication technologies
    • VoIP
    • Video
    • Real time services
      • Presence
      • Multicast vs unicast
    • QoS
      • DSCP
      • COS
    • Devices
      • UC servers
      • UC devices
      • UC gateways
  • Given a scenario, troubleshoot and resolve common WAN issues
    • Loss of internet connectivity
    • Interface errors
    • Split horizon
    • DNS issues
    • Interference
    • Router configurations
    • Customer premise equipment
      • Smart jack/NIU
      • Demarc
      • Loopback
      • CSU/DSU
      • Copper line drivers/repeaters
    • Company security policy
      • Throttling
      • Blocking
      • Fair access policy/utilization limits
    • Satellite issues
      • Latency

Readings[edit]

  1. Wikipedia: Wide area network
  2. Wikipedia: Virtual private network
  3. Wikipedia: TACACS
  4. Wikipedia: RADIUS
  5. Wikipedia: Web service
  6. Wikipedia: Voice over IP
  7. Wikipedia: Quality of service
  8. Wikipedia: Unified communications

Multimedia[edit]

  1. YouTube: SONET, DWDM, and CWDM - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.4
  2. YouTube: ATM, Frame Relay, and MPLS - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.4
  3. YouTube: Satellite, ISDN, Cable, DSL, and dialup networks - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.4
  4. YouTube: PPP and Multilink PPP - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.4
  5. YouTube: GSM, CDMA, and WiMAX - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.4
  6. YouTube: Leased Lines and Metro Ethernet - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.4
  7. YouTube: Circuit Switching and Packet Switching - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.4
  8. YouTube: Firewalls - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 3.5
  9. YouTube: Firewall Configurations - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 3.5
  10. YouTube: Network Access Control Models - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 3.6
  11. YouTube: VPN Connections - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.2
  12. YouTube: VPN Protocols - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.2
  13. YouTube: TACACS and RADIUS - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.2
  14. YouTube: Remote Access Services - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.2
  15. YouTube: Web Services - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.2
  16. YouTube: Unified Voice Services - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.2
  17. YouTube: Unified Communication Technologies - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 1.10
  18. YouTube: Troubleshooting WAN Issues - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 4.8
  19. YouTube: Troubleshooting Customer Premise Equipment - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 4.8
  20. YouTube: Company Security Policies - CompTIA Network+ N10-006 - 4.8

Activities[edit]

  1. Research plans available from different wired (cable, DSL, T1) and wireless (cellular, wireless, satellite) Internet providers. Compare mobility, availability, bandwidth, reliability, delay, concurrent connections, security, and cost.
  2. Check firewall settings.
  3. Investigate remote access options.
    • Ask whether your school or work organization supports remote access to their network, either through a virtual private network or through some type of remote desktop interface. If remote access is available and you have permission to use it, set up a remote connection from home and test remote connectivity. Ask what type of authentication service is used to support this remote access.
    • If your school or work organization does not support remote access to their network, you can set up and test a free VPN connection to the Internet using VPNBook.
    • Investigate settings available on your home network to provide remote access. Does your router support VPN or remote desktop port forwarding? Consider whether or not you would want to enable these services. If so, enable and test the connection. If not, just review the settings that would be necessary to make your network available remotely.
  4. Research available Voice over IP / unified communications providers. Compare price and services offered for business and home users. Ask whether your school or work organization uses a VoIP / unified communications service.

Lesson Summary[edit]

Key Terms[edit]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]