Antikythera mechanism/Quizzes/Testbank

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pdf icon.png Download as pdf file (look for the Original file link)

Antikythera[edit]

If you are reading this as a Wikiversity page, proper pagebreaks should result if printed using your browser's print option. On Chrome, Explorer, and Firefox, this option is available in the upper right hand corner of your screen. But, pagebreaks do not render properly if you use "Printable version" on Wikiversity's Print/export option on the left-hand sidebar.

This document contains either a study guide OR pairs of exams taken from the same exam bank
If two exams have the same s-number, then v1 and v2 have the same questions, presented in different (random) order.
Exams with different s-numbers have different questions and may not have the same difficulty.
Click items in the table of contents and appropriate page should be reached. This feature should allow you to print only those pages that you need.
At the end of this document
Attribution for the quizzes identifies where the questions were obtained
Study guide links reading materials and/or relevant equations.

Antikythera-v1s1[edit]

1. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek

___ a) true
___ b) false


2. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

___ a) true
___ b) false


3. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

___ a) true
___ b) false


4. The Antikythera device was dated to approximately

___ a) 300-350 BC
___ b) 300-350 AD
___ c) 100-150 BC
___ d) 500-550 BC


5. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.}

___ a) true
___ b) false


6. Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device

___ a) suggested that Roman technology was used.
___ b) was not possible due to the degree of corrosion.
___ c) suggested that Greek technology was used.
___ d) suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.


7. Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______

___ a) copper;   to make it withstand corrosion.
___ b) copper;   to make it hard.
___ c) iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
___ d) copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.


8. What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?

___ a) Chemical analysis of the bronze.
___ b) Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices.
___ c) Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.
___ d) The quality of its manufacture.


9. The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.

___ a) sponge divers;   1900
___ b) Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976


10. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years

___ a) 4
___ b) 1
___ c) 3
___ d) 2


11. A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.

___ a) true
___ b) false


12. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.

___ a) true
___ b) false


13. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years

___ a) 1
___ b) 4
___ c) 2
___ d) 3


14. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?

___ a)300 years
___ b)30 years
___ c)1500 years
___ d)3000 years
___ e)15,000 years


15. How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?

___ a) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
___ b) There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years.
___ c) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.


16. Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?

___ a) The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship.
___ b) Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.
___ c) Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated.
___ d) Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes.


17.
Crown gear.png
A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.
___ a) spiral bevel gear
___ b) epicycle gear
___ c) crown gear


18. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons. }

___ a) true
___ b) false


19. Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.

___ a) true
___ b) false


20. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.}

___ a) true
___ b) false


21. The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.

___ a) true
___ b) false


22. Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______}

___ a) 34 days;   six months
___ b) one month;   18 years
___ c) six months;   54 years
___ d) 7 days;   one month
___ e) six months;   18 years


Key to Antikythera-v1s1[edit]

1. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek

+ a) true
- b) false


2. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

+ a) true
- b) false


3. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

- a) true
+ b) false


4. The Antikythera device was dated to approximately

- a) 300-350 BC
- b) 300-350 AD
+ c) 100-150 BC
- d) 500-550 BC


5. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.}

- a) true
+ b) false


6. Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device

- a) suggested that Roman technology was used.
+ b) was not possible due to the degree of corrosion.
- c) suggested that Greek technology was used.
- d) suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.


7. Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______

- a) copper;   to make it withstand corrosion.
+ b) copper;   to make it hard.
- c) iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
- d) copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.


8. What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?

- a) Chemical analysis of the bronze.
- b) Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices.
- c) Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.
+ d) The quality of its manufacture.


9. The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.

+ a) sponge divers;   1900
- b) Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976


10. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years

- a) 4
- b) 1
- c) 3
+ d) 2


11. A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.

+ a) true
- b) false


12. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.

- a) true
+ b) false


13. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years

- a) 1
- b) 4
- c) 2
+ d) 3


14. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?

- a)300 years
- b)30 years
+ c)1500 years
- d)3000 years
- e)15,000 years


15. How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?

- a) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
- b) There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years.
+ c) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.


16. Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?

+ a) The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship.
- b) Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.
- c) Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated.
- d) Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes.


17.
Crown gear.png
A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.
- a) spiral bevel gear
- b) epicycle gear
+ c) crown gear


18. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons. }

+ a) true
- b) false


19. Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.

+ a) true
- b) false


20. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.}

- a) true
+ b) false


21. The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.

- a) true
+ b) false


22. Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______}

+ a) 34 days;   six months
- b) one month;   18 years
- c) six months;   54 years
- d) 7 days;   one month
- e) six months;   18 years


Antikythera-v2s1[edit]

1. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.}

___ a) true
___ b) false


2. Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device

___ a) suggested that Roman technology was used.
___ b) was not possible due to the degree of corrosion.
___ c) suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.
___ d) suggested that Greek technology was used.


3. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek

___ a) true
___ b) false


4. What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?

___ a) The quality of its manufacture.
___ b) Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices.
___ c) Chemical analysis of the bronze.
___ d) Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.


5. The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.

___ a) sponge divers;   1900
___ b) Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976


6. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.}

___ a) true
___ b) false


7. A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.

___ a) true
___ b) false


8. Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.

___ a) true
___ b) false


9. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

___ a) true
___ b) false


10. How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?

___ a) There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years.
___ b) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
___ c) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.


11. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons. }

___ a) true
___ b) false


12. The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.

___ a) true
___ b) false


13.
Crown gear.png
A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.
___ a) epicycle gear
___ b) spiral bevel gear
___ c) crown gear


14. Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______}

___ a) 34 days;   six months
___ b) 7 days;   one month
___ c) six months;   18 years
___ d) one month;   18 years
___ e) six months;   54 years


15. The Antikythera device was dated to approximately

___ a) 300-350 AD
___ b) 300-350 BC
___ c) 500-550 BC
___ d) 100-150 BC


16. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years

___ a) 3
___ b) 4
___ c) 1
___ d) 2


17. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.

___ a) true
___ b) false


18. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?

___ a)15,000 years
___ b)300 years
___ c)1500 years
___ d)30 years
___ e)3000 years


19. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

___ a) true
___ b) false


20. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years

___ a) 3
___ b) 4
___ c) 1
___ d) 2


21. Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______

___ a) iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
___ b) copper;   to make it hard.
___ c) copper;   to make it withstand corrosion.
___ d) copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.


22. Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?

___ a) Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.
___ b) Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated.
___ c) Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes.
___ d) The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship.


Key to Antikythera-v2s1[edit]

1. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.}

- a) true
+ b) false


2. Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device

- a) suggested that Roman technology was used.
+ b) was not possible due to the degree of corrosion.
- c) suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.
- d) suggested that Greek technology was used.


3. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek

+ a) true
- b) false


4. What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?

+ a) The quality of its manufacture.
- b) Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices.
- c) Chemical analysis of the bronze.
- d) Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.


5. The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.

+ a) sponge divers;   1900
- b) Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976


6. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.}

- a) true
+ b) false


7. A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.

+ a) true
- b) false


8. Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.

+ a) true
- b) false


9. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

- a) true
+ b) false


10. How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?

- a) There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years.
+ b) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
- c) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.


11. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons. }

+ a) true
- b) false


12. The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.

- a) true
+ b) false


13.
Crown gear.png
A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.
- a) epicycle gear
- b) spiral bevel gear
+ c) crown gear


14. Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______}

+ a) 34 days;   six months
- b) 7 days;   one month
- c) six months;   18 years
- d) one month;   18 years
- e) six months;   54 years


15. The Antikythera device was dated to approximately

- a) 300-350 AD
- b) 300-350 BC
- c) 500-550 BC
+ d) 100-150 BC


16. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years

+ a) 3
- b) 4
- c) 1
- d) 2


17. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.

- a) true
+ b) false


18. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?

- a)15,000 years
- b)300 years
+ c)1500 years
- d)30 years
- e)3000 years


19. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

+ a) true
- b) false


20. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years

- a) 3
- b) 4
- c) 1
+ d) 2


21. Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______

- a) iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
+ b) copper;   to make it hard.
- c) copper;   to make it withstand corrosion.
- d) copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.


22. Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?

- a) Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.
- b) Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated.
- c) Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes.
+ d) The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship.


Antikythera-v1s2[edit]

1. What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?

___ a) Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.
___ b) Chemical analysis of the bronze.
___ c) Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices.
___ d) The quality of its manufacture.


2. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.}

___ a) true
___ b) false


3. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years

___ a) 3
___ b) 4
___ c) 2
___ d) 1


4. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek

___ a) true
___ b) false


5. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

___ a) true
___ b) false


6. A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.

___ a) true
___ b) false


7. Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______

___ a) iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
___ b) copper;   to make it withstand corrosion.
___ c) copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
___ d) copper;   to make it hard.


8. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?

___ a)300 years
___ b)3000 years
___ c)1500 years
___ d)30 years
___ e)15,000 years


9. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.}

___ a) true
___ b) false


10. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

___ a) true
___ b) false


11. How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?

___ a) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
___ b) There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years.
___ c) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.


12. The Antikythera device was dated to approximately

___ a) 300-350 BC
___ b) 300-350 AD
___ c) 500-550 BC
___ d) 100-150 BC


13. The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.

___ a) sponge divers;   1900
___ b) Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976


14. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons. }

___ a) true
___ b) false


15. Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.

___ a) true
___ b) false


16. Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?

___ a) The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship.
___ b) Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes.
___ c) Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated.
___ d) Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.


17. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years

___ a) 1
___ b) 4
___ c) 3
___ d) 2


18. Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device

___ a) suggested that Greek technology was used.
___ b) was not possible due to the degree of corrosion.
___ c) suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.
___ d) suggested that Roman technology was used.


19. The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.

___ a) true
___ b) false


20. Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______}

___ a) six months;   54 years
___ b) 7 days;   one month
___ c) six months;   18 years
___ d) 34 days;   six months
___ e) one month;   18 years


21. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.

___ a) true
___ b) false


22.
Crown gear.png
A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.
___ a) spiral bevel gear
___ b) crown gear
___ c) epicycle gear


Key to Antikythera-v1s2[edit]

1. What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?

- a) Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.
- b) Chemical analysis of the bronze.
- c) Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices.
+ d) The quality of its manufacture.


2. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.}

- a) true
+ b) false


3. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years

- a) 3
- b) 4
+ c) 2
- d) 1


4. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek

+ a) true
- b) false


5. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

- a) true
+ b) false


6. A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.

+ a) true
- b) false


7. Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______

- a) iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
- b) copper;   to make it withstand corrosion.
- c) copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
+ d) copper;   to make it hard.


8. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?

- a)300 years
- b)3000 years
+ c)1500 years
- d)30 years
- e)15,000 years


9. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.}

- a) true
+ b) false


10. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

+ a) true
- b) false


11. How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?

- a) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
- b) There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years.
+ c) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.


12. The Antikythera device was dated to approximately

- a) 300-350 BC
- b) 300-350 AD
- c) 500-550 BC
+ d) 100-150 BC


13. The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.

+ a) sponge divers;   1900
- b) Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976


14. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons. }

+ a) true
- b) false


15. Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.

+ a) true
- b) false


16. Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?

+ a) The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship.
- b) Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes.
- c) Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated.
- d) Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.


17. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years

- a) 1
- b) 4
+ c) 3
- d) 2


18. Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device

- a) suggested that Greek technology was used.
+ b) was not possible due to the degree of corrosion.
- c) suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.
- d) suggested that Roman technology was used.


19. The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.

- a) true
+ b) false


20. Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______}

- a) six months;   54 years
- b) 7 days;   one month
- c) six months;   18 years
+ d) 34 days;   six months
- e) one month;   18 years


21. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.

- a) true
+ b) false


22.
Crown gear.png
A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.
- a) spiral bevel gear
+ b) crown gear
- c) epicycle gear


Antikythera-v2s2[edit]

1. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.

___ a) true
___ b) false


2. Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______

___ a) copper;   to make it withstand corrosion.
___ b) copper;   to make it hard.
___ c) copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
___ d) iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.


3. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons. }

___ a) true
___ b) false


4. A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.

___ a) true
___ b) false


5. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

___ a) true
___ b) false


6. The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.

___ a) true
___ b) false


7. Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______}

___ a) 34 days;   six months
___ b) six months;   54 years
___ c) 7 days;   one month
___ d) six months;   18 years
___ e) one month;   18 years


8. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.}

___ a) true
___ b) false


9. How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?

___ a) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
___ b) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
___ c) There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years.


10. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

___ a) true
___ b) false


11. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?

___ a)300 years
___ b)3000 years
___ c)30 years
___ d)1500 years
___ e)15,000 years


12. Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?

___ a) The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship.
___ b) Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.
___ c) Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes.
___ d) Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated.


13. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years

___ a) 3
___ b) 2
___ c) 4
___ d) 1


14.
Crown gear.png
A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.
___ a) crown gear
___ b) spiral bevel gear
___ c) epicycle gear


15. What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?

___ a) The quality of its manufacture.
___ b) Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices.
___ c) Chemical analysis of the bronze.
___ d) Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.


16. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek

___ a) true
___ b) false


17. Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device

___ a) suggested that Greek technology was used.
___ b) suggested that Roman technology was used.
___ c) was not possible due to the degree of corrosion.
___ d) suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.


18. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years

___ a) 1
___ b) 2
___ c) 3
___ d) 4


19. The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.

___ a) sponge divers;   1900
___ b) Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976


20. Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.

___ a) true
___ b) false


21. The Antikythera device was dated to approximately

___ a) 100-150 BC
___ b) 300-350 AD
___ c) 300-350 BC
___ d) 500-550 BC


22. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.}

___ a) true
___ b) false


Key to Antikythera-v2s2[edit]

1. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.

- a) true
+ b) false


2. Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______

- a) copper;   to make it withstand corrosion.
+ b) copper;   to make it hard.
- c) copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
- d) iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.


3. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons. }

+ a) true
- b) false


4. A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.

+ a) true
- b) false


5. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

- a) true
+ b) false


6. The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.

- a) true
+ b) false


7. Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______}

+ a) 34 days;   six months
- b) six months;   54 years
- c) 7 days;   one month
- d) six months;   18 years
- e) one month;   18 years


8. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.}

- a) true
+ b) false


9. How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?

- a) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
+ b) Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
- c) There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years.


10. As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

+ a) true
- b) false


11. How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?

- a)300 years
- b)3000 years
- c)30 years
+ d)1500 years
- e)15,000 years


12. Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?

+ a) The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship.
- b) Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.
- c) Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes.
- d) Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated.


13. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years

+ a) 3
- b) 2
- c) 4
- d) 1


14.
Crown gear.png
A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.
+ a) crown gear
- b) spiral bevel gear
- c) epicycle gear


15. What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?

+ a) The quality of its manufacture.
- b) Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices.
- c) Chemical analysis of the bronze.
- d) Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.


16. The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek

+ a) true
- b) false


17. Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device

- a) suggested that Greek technology was used.
- b) suggested that Roman technology was used.
+ c) was not possible due to the degree of corrosion.
- d) suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.


18. The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years

- a) 1
+ b) 2
- c) 3
- d) 4


19. The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.

+ a) sponge divers;   1900
- b) Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976


20. Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.

+ a) true
- b) false


21. The Antikythera device was dated to approximately

+ a) 100-150 BC
- b) 300-350 AD
- c) 300-350 BC
- d) 500-550 BC


22. Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.}

- a) true
+ b) false


Attribution (for quiz questions) under CC-by-SA license
http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Antikythera_mechanism/Quizzes
Study guide
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antikythera_mechanism&oldid=620241656