Antikythera mechanism/Quizzes

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This quiz pertains to Antikythera mechanism and is one of
THREE RELATED QUIZ GROUPS: Saros   Ecliptic   Antikythera

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See also Ecliptic/Quizzes and Orbital mechanics/Saros.

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Quiz[edit]







  

1

A mechanical analog computer uses pulleys, levers, wheels or some other motion to solve problems of a mathematical nature.

true
false

2

How many years did it take before Europe made a device as sophisticated as the Antikythera mechanism?

300 years
3000 years
30 years
1500 years
15,000 years

3

The Antikythera device was dated to approximately

100-150 BC
300-350 BC
300-350 AD
500-550 BC

4

The Antikythera wreck was situated closer to Rome than to Greece.

true
false

5

The Antikythera wreck was discovered by _________ in ________.

sponge divers;   1900
Jacques-Yves Cousteau;   1976

6

What clue is cited to suggest that the Antikythera device was not the first of its kind?

The quality of its manufacture.
Other boxes in the wreck seemed to have held similar devices.
Chemical analysis of the bronze.
Instructions for making other devices were found at the wreck site.

7

Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of ______, with other metals included ______

copper;   to make it hard.
copper;   to make it withstand corrosion.
iron;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.
copper;   as impurities that served little or no purpose.

8

Chemical analysis of the bronze used in the gears of the Antikythera device

was not possible due to the degree of corrosion.
suggested that Roman technology was used.
suggested that Greek technology was used.
suggested that a number of such devices had been produced.

9

Which of the following was NOT used as evidence in an effort to guess where the Antikythera device originated?

Some of the astronomical events associated with the device could have only have been seen from Corinth, a region associated with Archimedes.
Coins at the site seemed to originate from Pergamon, where an important library was situated.
The Library of Alexandria, where Ptolemy would later work, would have been a likely destination or origin for the ship.
Vases found at the site suggest an origin near the trading port of Rhodes, where Hipparchus was believed to have worked.

10

As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 equal sections of 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

true
false

11

As the Sun, Moon, and planets seem to move around the Earth, they remain close to a circle, called the ecliptic, that can be drawn on paper or imagined in the sky. The Babylonians divided this circle into 12 unequal sections of approximately 30 degrees each, and labeled the sections after the zodiacal constellations.

true
false

12

Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the four seasons.

true
false

13

Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Saros cycle.

true
false

14

Sothic calendar was an Egyptian calendar with twelve months of 30 days plus five intercalary days to keep the year synchronous with the Lunar phases.

true
false

15

The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 12 years

3
1
2
4

16

The Sothic calendar of 365 days did not include an extra day every four years. As a consequence, it advanced by _____ days in 8 years

3
1
2
4

17

The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Egyptian names transcribed into Greek

true
false

18

The months of the Antikythera device are labeled with Greek names transcribed into Egyptian hieroglyphs.

true
false

19

Eclipse seasons last for approximately ______ and repeat just short of ______

34 days;   six months
7 days;   one month
six months;   18 years
one month;   18 years
six months;   54 years

20

Crown gear.png
A ____________ is a gear which has teeth that projects at right angles to the face of the wheel.

crown gear
spiral bevel gear
epicycle gear

21

Evidence suggests that it was not possible to set the Antikythera device without referring to a written table to ascertain the dial settings for a given date.

true
false

22

How did the Antikythera mechanism compensate for leap years?

Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by hand; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
Two concentric dials were independently adjusted by a differential gear; one dial marked a 365 day calendar, and the other marked the position of the Sun with respect to the ecliptic.
There was no need to compensate for the leap year because the Sothic calendar included a leap year every four years.