The goal of Open Science is to make research more transparent and thus improve the quality of scientific work. Thus, the working method is not so far from the joint, collaborative work, as it is practiced in Wikipedia - just transferred to the field of scientific work and research.
The approaches of open science encompass very different levels. Not only can results and processes be shared and processed, but also the theories, methods, fields of application, and intermediate results are made accessible to a larger number of people. In addition, disclosure of research processes provides insights into experimental processes - those that yielded results as well as those that did not work. This helps others to understand how ultimately a result has come about, for. For example, you only have to repeat parts of an experiment and get relevant results for your own research.
Sometimes scientific equipment can even be recreated because the manual and material usage is made publicly available to create a costly device. This saves time, effort and resources for the research itself. The wheel does not have to be reinvented again and again.
What sounds logical in the ears of Wikipedians, however, is still the exception in scientific practice. Freely accessible research is desirable, but it requires additional effort when it comes, for example, to publishing sensitive research data. In addition, there is still a high pressure in the academic world to publish research articles with a high "impact factor" in journals or monographs, which makes up a large part of the reputation of scientists. Here, open science needs to be better explained and made tangible so that open research practices within science institutions can leverage their benefits.
Open science leads to more transparency in research and teaching, a more effective dissemination of knowledge and thus a high innovation potential in science. Combined with the potential of digitization, open science facilitates a simple, fast and efficient exchange within various research disciplines. In addition, Open Science promotes the transfer of scientific knowledge into society and improves access to knowledge, resulting in higher educational equity. In the digital world, knowledge is acquired, created, disseminated and (further) used in a new way. A society that sees itself as a knowledge society should consistently open up the processes of knowledge creation and knowledge transfer and involve as many people as possible