Open Science combines various principles of open scientific work. The most well-known of these are Open Access, Open Data, and Open Source. Open science means making the scientific process freely accessible, comprehensible, and usable – from data collection to the publication of results. Scientists can thus learn from the transparent methodological approach of others or enrich their analyses with the research data of others. Or, they can use open teaching and learning materials and adapt them to suit their target audiences.
Open Science leads to greater transparency in research and teaching, a more effective dissemination of knowledge, and thus to a high potential for innovation in science. Combined with the potential of digitalization, Open Science allows for easy, fast, and efficient exchange within different research disciplines. In addition, Open Science promotes the transfer of scientific knowledge into society and improves access to knowledge, resulting in greater educational equity. In the digital world, knowledge is being acquired, created, disseminated, and (re-)used in a new way. A society that views itself as a knowledge society should deliberately open the processes of knowledge creation and knowledge transfer, involving as many people as possible.