University of Florida/Eml4500/f08/Matlab Summary
3. Matrix Operations, Array operations[edit  edit source]
The matrix operators are: 


If sizes of matrices are incompatible with the operator, and error message is shown. The matrix division operators required extra attention. If A is an invertible square matrix and b is a compatible column, resp. row, vector, then
x=A\b is the solution of A*x=b and resp.,
x=b/A is the solution of x*A=b
Array Operations
The matrix operators of addition and subtraction will work for arrays but the other operators will not. The matix operators can be used to operate entrywise by placing a period in front of the operator.
4. Statements, expressions, variables[edit  edit source]
MATLAB is an expression language where exspression are comprised of operators, functions,and variable names. Expressions are evaluated into matrices and stored as such. Statements are generally terminated with a carriage return but can be continued onto the next line. Also statements can be terminated with a semicolon or period, which suppresses printing of the statement but still carries out the operation. MATLAB is case sensitive. Runaway displays or computation can be halted with CTRLC.
Saving a session
All variable are lsot when MATLAB is close. Using the save command saves the variables to a .mat file which can later be retrieved with the load command.
5. Matrix building functions[edit  edit source]
Some functions in matlab will accomplish predetermined convinient tasks for you.
Convenient matrix building functions: 


Here is an example of the of a 5by5 matrix(B) created from an original 3by3 matrix(A):
disp('5. Matrix Building Function.') A=[1 2 3;4 5 6;7 8 9] B = [A,zeros(3,2);zeros(2,3),eye(2)]
The result in MatLab is:
5. Matrix Building Function. A = ::1 2 3 ::4 5 6 ::7 8 9 B = ::1 2 3 0 0 ::4 5 6 0 0 ::7 8 9 0 0 ::0 0 0 1 0 ::0 0 0 0 1
6. For, while, if and relations[edit  edit source]
For
For a given n, the statement
x=[]; for i=1:n, x=[x,i^2],end
will produce a certain nvector and the statement
x=[]; for i=n:1:1, x=[x,i^2], end
will produce the same vector in reverse order.
The for statement permits any matrix to be used instead of 1:n.
For 

disp('For.') x=[ ], n=5; for i=1:n
end x=[], n=5; for i=n:1:1, x=[x,i^2], end for i=1:n
end H s=0; for c=A
end The answer in MatLab is: For. x = ::[] x = ::1 x = ::1 4 x = ::1 4 9 x = ::1 4 9 16 x = ::1 4 9 16 25 x = ::[] x = ::25 x = ::25 16 x = ::25 16 9 x = ::25 16 9 4 x = ::25 16 9 4 1 H = ::1.0000 0.5000 0.3333 0.2500 0.2000 ::0.5000 0.3333 0.2500 0.2000 0.1667 ::0.3333 0.2500 0.2000 0.1667 0.1429 ::0.2500 0.2000 0.1667 0.1429 0.1250 ::0.2000 0.1667 0.1429 0.1250 0.1111 s = ::12 s = ::27 s = ::45 
While
The general form of a while loop is
while relation
statements
end
The statements will be repeated as long as the relation remains true. For example, for a number a, the following will compute the smallest nonnegative integer n such that 2^n>a:
n=0;
while 2^n < a
n = n + 1;
end
n
While 

disp('While.') n=0, a=4; while 2^n<a
end n The answer in MatLab is: While. n =
n =

If
The general for of an if statement is
if relations
statements
end
The statement will only be executed if the relation is true. The if function can be branched using the elseif and else functions. For example:
if n < 0
parity = 0;
elseif rem(n,2) == 0
parity = 2;
else
parity = 1;
end
If 

disp('If.') if n<0
elseif rem(n,2)==0
else
end The answer in MatLab is: If. parity =
