U. S. Government/Labor Movement
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Progressive Movement - A movement where reformers worked to improve the social and political problems that arose from the vast changes brought by industrialization.
|Negative Effects of Industry||Progressive Movement|
|Child Labor, as young as 5-6 year olds worked in factories; did not go to school; worked as hard as adults, but with lower pay||Placed restrictions on Child Labor|
|Unsafe working conditions, factory air was dirty; high injury rate; heavy machines used in small spaces; A worker could have broke a body part and lose his job||Improved safety conditions|
|Long hours/low wage, 12-18 hours a day; average play was $2 a week.||Reduced working hours/Increase pay|
- Temperance Movement
- Composed of groups (mostly women) opposed (against) to the making and consuming of alcohol.
- They supported the 18th Amendment which prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transport of alcoholic beverages.
- Women's Suffrage
- Increased educational opportunities.
- Attained voting rights.
- Women gained the right to vote with the 19th Amendment to the Constitution of the US.
- Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth C. Stanton worked for women's suffrage.
Terms to Know
- Labor Union - An organization or wage earners formed for the purpose of serving the members' interests with respect to wages (pay) and working conditions.
- Strike - Method of protest used by unions where workers stop working.