Trade Finance/Political and Economic Risk

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Trade Finance 

Introduction | M.1 Political and Economic Risk | M.2 Risk Mitigation Techniques | M.3 Commercial Risk | M.4 Payment Methods | M.5 Selecting Payment Methods | M.6 Financial Plan | M.7 Short-term Financing | M.8 Medium- and Long-term Financing

Module 1: Political and Economic Risk[edit | edit source]

Module Introduction[edit | edit source]

The objective of this module is to assess political and economic risks and cultural issues of the target country to establish the financial costs and viability.

This module will provide an introduction to the risks and cultural issues involved in international trade. While the risks of slow payment found in domestic transactions carry over to international sales, there are many additional risks in the international arena that aren’t normally found in domestic business.

International business requires a series of screenings that overlay finance, marketing, personnel and production, the four basic areas of business. These four areas need to be evaluated from many perspectives which include the following: competitive, distributive, economic, financial, labor, legal, physical, political and technological. All of these perspectives seem to be understood and expected in any business environment but in the international arena the sociocultural and socioeconomic impact on these areas are not as easy to assess.

Three screenings that most companies overlook are the sociocultural forces, the competitive forces and the final selection with a personal visit. The concept of “country related risks” will be introduced so that a distinction can be made between the risks associated strictly with a customer’s unwillingness or inability to make payment and the impediments to payments caused because of the political, economic, and cultural components that are a part of international or cross border transactions.

Some of the causes of the political and economic risks will be introduced along with some of the causes of culturally created risks.

Module Sections[edit | edit source]

About this Resource[edit | edit source]

These resources were developed by MSU Global with funding provided by a U.S. Department of Education, Business in International Education Title VIB grant.