The periodic table/Samarium

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The element of Samarium
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Discovery[edit]

  • Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, in which most sources link Boisbaudran as the discoverer of Samarium, isolated a samarium salt in 1879, in Paris.
  • First, Boisbaudran extracted ‘didymium’ from the mineral samarskite and made a solution of ‘didymium’ nitrate. He then added ammonium hydroxide and found two precipitates were formed; one containing ‘didymium’ and the other a new element – samarium.
  • The new element samarium was named after the mineral samarskite in which it had been found.

Quick Facts[edit]

Name: Samarium

Symbol: Sm

Mass: 150.36

Classification: Lanthanides

Protons: 62

Electrons: 62

Neutrons: 88

Color: silvery-white

Discovered in: 1879

Electron Configuration: Xe 4f6 6s2

CAS Number: 7440-19-9

Appearance: silvery-white metal

Key Isotopes: 152Sm

Allotropes: α-samarium, β-samarium, γ-samarium

Density: 7.54 grams per cubic centimeter

Crystal Structure: ​rhombohedral

Melting Point: 1,074°C

Boiling Point: 1,794°C

Uses[edit]

  • Samarium is used as a catalyst for the dehydration and dehydrogenation of ethanol, and is also used in infrared absorbing glass.
  • Radioactive 153Samarium is used in the treatment of cancer.
  • Samarium is used as an absorb-er in nuclear reactors.
  • Main use of Samarium is in samarium-cobalt alloy magnets. These magnets are resistant to demagnetization.

Atomic Data[edit]

Atomic radius: 229 pm

Covalent radius: 198 pm

Electronegativity: 1.17

Electron affinity: 0.162 (theoretical)

Ionisation energies

First: 1st: 544.5 kJ/mol

Second: 2nd: 1070 kJ/mol

Third: 3rd: 2260 kJ/mol

Supply Risk[edit]

Relative supply risk: 9.5

Crustal abundance: 0.3 ppm

Recycling rate: <10%

Substitutability: High

Production concentration: 97%

Reserve distribution: 50%

Oxidation States and Isotopes[edit]

Common oxidation states: 3, 2

Isotopes

Isotope Atomic mass Abundance (%) Half life Mode of decay
144Sm 143.912 3.07
147Sm 146.915 14.99
148Sm 147.915 11.24
149Sm 148.917 13.82
150Sm 147.915 11.24
148Sm 147.915 11.24
148Sm 147.915 11.24

External Links[edit]

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