The Task Analysis

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The Task Analysis[edit]

The Task Analysis is an important part of the ADDIE model of instructional systems design. The task analysis, also referred to as a job task analysis, is a systematic process used to identify and analyze specific tasks and subtasks that must be accomplished in the performance of a job or activity. Once the tasks are identified, an inventory is then done for the knowledge and skills the student already possess, This inventory is done to identify which tasks and subtasks the student should be expected to be able to accomplish. The difference is referred to as the "gap", and identifies the tasks that should be evaluated for inclusion in the training.


The task analysis information is used as the foundation for the following:

  • Developing instructional objectives
  • Identifying and selecting appropriate instructional strategies
  • Sequencing instructional content
  • Identifying and selecting appropriate instructional media
  • Designing performance evaluation tools


The task analysis will include analysis of how a task is accomplished, including a detailed description of both cognitive and psycho-motor activities, task and element durations, task frequency, task allocation, task complexity, environmental conditions, necessary clothing and equipment, and any other unique factors involved in or required for one or more people to perform a given task.


The sample task analysis work sheets provided via these links are excerpted from larger analysis documents and are provided here as representative samples only:

Sample Task Analysis Work Sheet No. 1

Sample Task Analysis Work Sheet No. 2




Resources:

Here is a link to Task Analysis in Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Here is a link to Job Analysis in Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Here is a link to instructional terms from Northeastern Illinois University

This link is to a pdf article on how and when to conduct a Job Task Analysis.


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